Aleksandr Luria: biography of the pioneer of neuropsychology

The name Luria is widely known to all who are engaged in the world of neuropsychology and neurology. And this is it Aleksander Romanovich Lúriya is considered the main father of modern neuropsychology, Combining interest in mental processes and physiology of the brain.

In this article, we present a brief biography of this important author and researcher of the human brain.

    Brief biography of Aleksander Luria

    Aleksander Romanovich Lúriya (known as Aleksandr Luria, Aleksander Luria, or Alexander Luria) was born on July 16, 1902 in Kazan, Russia.. Son of dentist Eugenia Victorovna Hasskin and doctor Novel Albertovich Lúriya, he grew up in a wealthy family of Jewish origin in which he was educated in several languages.

    From his youth he began to train himself in the field of knowledge which he himself would help to develop. Let’s see how it happened.

      Education and first steps

      Luria’s training began at the age of seven, this training being interrupted by the Russian Revolution. At sixteen, he was accepted to Kazan University, where he graduated in 1921.

      His first interests were limited to the field of social and psychology, Particularly interested in the field of psychoanalysis. In fact, in 1922 he helped found the Kazan Psychoanalytic Society, pouring out his early work on gender differences in terms of clothing. It would also generate interest in evaluating mental disorders and the effects of fatigue. Other authors he would admire and follow closely were Pavlov and Bechterev.

      Vygotsky’s influence

      Luria met Vygotsky in 1924, at a congress of psychoneurology held in Leningrad. Alongside him, he studied the interplay between perceptual processes and culture by generating higher mental functions in adults, with a particular emphasis on language.

      Would start to emerge interest in brain areas and the location of different functionsTo criticize the dominant localizacionismo and to propose the idea of ​​complex functional systems in which the functions depend on networks of dispersed connections and not only on a specific region.

        WWII and specialization in neurology

        After taking political control from Stalin and starting various political purges, he was forced to abandon socio-cultural studies and would concentrate on studying medicine specializing in neurology.

        His interest in the field of language continues and he often explores this field, especially in the field of aphasia and its relationship to thought.

        Luria worked in Kisegach during WWII, And came to frequently observe the effects of tumors and brain damage. It was at this time that the foundations of neuropsychology were born by linking injuries to cognitive and language problems.

        After the war, Luria’s work focused on the development of language and thought, especially in children with intellectual disabilities.

        Death and inheritance

        Luria died in Moscow on August 14, 1977, at the age of 75, Of a heart attack.

        Father of modern neuropsychology, Luria’s legacy has allowed us to better understand the functioning of the brain and the cerebral location of the different systems that allow certain functions.

        Many assessment instruments have been created on the basis of criteria based on their work, In addition to allowing the development of techniques that improve and restore function in brain injury.

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