Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin (1879 – 1953) is certainly the most important political figure in the history of the Slavic people, of the Russian ethnicity more precisely. Many will not know that Joseph or Joseph was born in Gori, Georgia, under the command of the Russian tsars. He was born into a somewhat miserable family (because his father was an alcoholic).
Its passage in the books of history and politics is not unworthy of mentionThus, Stalin, in addition to creating a state of almost total domination over the citizens, transformed feudal Russia into an economic and military power, thanks to his land reforms carried out under Soviet communism, the militarization and modernization of the army. and the great responsibility that played its part at the end of World War II (1939 – 1945).
Brief biography and the emergence of Stalin
Joseph Stalin was an orphan as a teenager, and unable to support his father’s education (he was poor and often punished his son), he entered a religious boarding school. From the beginning are distinguished by their insubordination and contempt for school before the teaching staff authorities.
At this time, Stalin joined the ranks of revolutionary socialist struggles and activities, opposing the absolutism of the tsars. In 1903, the Russian Social Democratic Party split into two, following Joseph the badge of the most radical wing called the “Bolshevik”.
It was at this time that Joseph acquire the name “Stalin”, which means “iron man”, To honor his implacable character in the realization of his ideas, by resorting to practices of dubious legitimacy, such as the purge he initiated against another revolutionary like Leon Trotsky, his sworn enemy in the struggle for power.
Re-founding of the Social Democratic Party into a Communist Party, Stalin became secretary general in 1922, after the triumph of the Russian revolution in 1917, he saw in chaos the opportunity to gain power and become the strong man of exchange.
The USSR and Stalinism
The Union of Soviet Republics was created in 1922, until its collapse in 1991. The idea of a Marxist republic was the emergence of a socialist world power and its geographical distribution, its area of influence. This means its assimilation throughout the Eurasian part, going as far as the Arab and Latin American countries included.
How could it be otherwise, Joseph Stalin was his greatest defender and representative of such a project, and with great cunning he knew how to impose his law. He transformed the country into a power not only economic or military, but also ideological. This meant meteoric development at the industrial level for Russia, competing with the United States for world hegemony.
However, everything comes at a price. Price to be paid to the local population, subjected to a police state, With oppressive touches and eliminating all forms of political dissent. He purged his most direct collaborators, imposed tough labor laws to accelerate technological development, and tyrannized over the rest of the satellite states (countries under communist rule).
Model for some, oppressor for others
Joseph Stalin left no one indifferent. Admirers bragged about him and even paid homage to him every year in his native Georgia, turning the rite into a kind of pilgrimage. On another side, many qualify it as one of the bloodiest dictators this story never knew.
The socio-economic measures carried out by the “iron man” are indisputable: agrarian reform, technological revolution, development of the aviation industry which led the Russians to be the first to orbit around space, and the collectivization of the means of production, marked a before and after at the international level which lasts to this day.
He also achieved all of this with an iron fist, decimating individual rights such as freedom of speech, the ban on exile and the creation of formidable secret services like the KGB, which murdered more Communists. than his own enemies.
His death in 1953 by natural causes, it meant the decline of the Socialist Union and its degree of supremacy, contributing to the call for a “cold war”, where the USSR would gradually lose its influence and power until it reached its goal in 1991.