Karl Marx: biography of this philosopher and sociologist

Probably Karl Marx we remember, not so much for his socialist and revolutionary ideas, but rather for the direct influence his theories exerted on the governments of the demi-monde. This philosopher, economist and sociologist created a school of thought that inspired revolutions in favor of equality across much of the planet.

Without a doubt, as a historical figure, he leaves no one indifferent: political scientists, scientists, humanists, politicians, academics. Her works are based on political movements such as those related to collectivist feminism, anti-racism and environmentalism, as well as communists and some anarchists in general. Then we will give a brief overview of the legacy and life of Karl Marx.

    Karl Marx’s life: his thought

    Karl Marx was a philosopher, thinker and economist influenced by authors such as Hegel, Feuerbach, Proudhon and Engels, Being the latter his main colleague when developing his work. He was a scholar who broke all the norms of politico-economic doctrines, hegemony was held by industrial and pseudo-feudal capitalism, due to the exploitation suffered by the workers.

    Marx he made a strong criticism of the capitalist system, Which he understood as a dynamic of relations and appropriations which had the effect of concentrating power and wealth in a few hands through the generations, and denounced the irregularities of this system. From their point of view, under a false sense of freedom of choice, the poorest populations must sell their labor power in exchange for a small part of what they generate, which makes them never able to negotiate on the cheap. equal to the iguasl with whom he uses them. , because the latter is always in a position of superiority in the possession of land, factories and machines.

    Its ideology is based on the common interest, solidarity among the working class (Who has no means of production (like the so-called factories, machines, etc.) and thus puts an end to the plundering of the few in their desire to control the wealth and resources of an entire country. in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, in other books of his later authorship, and especially in his work La Capitale.

      Father of modern communism

      Marxist-rooted communism was the culmination of Marx’s thoughts and claims which some experts say were misinterpreted by his supporters. In fact, Karl Marx himself would later say that he was not a “Marxist” himself.

      The fact that this thinker encouraged the workers’ revolution against the owners of factories and machines in a context of great poverty in Europe meant that he was widely persecuted and barred from entering many countries.

      Exiled to London in the mid-19th century, and with serious difficulty earning money due to political pressure against him, Karl Marx met workers with the same desires for revolution, Founding what would be known as “The League of the Righteous”. Already in 1948, with Friedrich Engels, would publish what would be the founding letter of the organization: The Communist Manifesto.

      Basically, the communist movement is governed by three pillars: the class struggle, the socialization of the means of production and, above all, the purpose of ending the stateWhat he conceived of as a device created to subjugate the working class through laws that favor the rich. Contrary to what some believe, Marx did not advocate the elimination of private property in general, only that of the means of production, that is, of the objects used to generate profits.

      Furthermore, this thinker pointed out that communism is opposed to nationalismSeen by Marx as a mental framework in which people are arbitrarily divided with no real justifications beyond feelings of identity and belonging to a collective. Thus, Marx defends a political struggle of a transnational nature, expressing the famous phrase “Workers of the whole world, unite!”.

        His legacy in politics

        Marx died poor, as it was impossible for him to work due to pressure from politicians and businessmen who controlled the (few) areas he could go to, and he was financially dependent on his colleague Friedrich Engels. However, in the intellectual realm he was very successful and his influences continue to this day.

        On the other hand, we have some examples of the establishment of communism in half of the countries of Eastern Europe, as well as in Southeast Asia, Latin America and some countries in the Middle East.

        A few examples from founding countries influenced Karl Marx’s work:

        • USSR
        • The People’s Republic of China until the death of Mao Zedong.
        • Yugoslavia by Josip Broz “Tito”.
        • The Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
        • Cuba, after the Cuban revolution.
        • Salvador Allende’s Chile before Pinochet’s coup.
        • The People’s Republic of Bulgaria by Georgi Dimitrov.

        As for social movements, The struggle for the limitation of working time, the right to strike, the creation of a minimum wage and the public education and health systems are also political and social elements in the emergence plays a role of Karl Marx.

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