Georges-Louis Leclerc: biography and contributions of this naturalist

Georges-Louis Leclerc: biography and contributions of this naturalist

When it comes to evolutionism, most people think of the face of Charles Darwin and, to a lesser extent, that of Lamarck. Both are the most notable figures of the early days of evolutionism, but to be honest, they weren’t the precursors. Others have argued that species can change over time, either through environmental factors …

Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin: biography and contributions of this chemistry

Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin: biography and contributions of this chemistry

Dorothy Crowfoot was a British chemist known to have studied various three-dimensional biochemical structures using the technique of X-ray crystallography. Considering all the discoveries and contributions she made for most of her life, in 1964 she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, being the fifth woman and the first Briton to win this prize …

Theodosius Dobzhansky: Biography of this Ukrainian geneticist

Theodosius Dobzhansky: Biography of this Ukrainian geneticist

Although the twentieth century began with the widely held modern theory of Darwinian evolution, there was much doubt about how natural selection came about. The inheritance of traits was something very recent study and Mendel’s work was still very unknown to the scientific community. Genetics was emerging and one of its most famous scholars was …

Joseph Lister: biography of this British surgeon and researcher

Joseph Lister: biography of this British surgeon and researcher

Throughout the 19th century, surgeries were a gamble on life or death. Antisepsis was unknown and even despised, as many doctors felt that washing hands or cleaning surgical instruments was unnecessary, even offensive, and asked them to do so. Fortunately, that has changed, although it would not have been possible without the influence of great …

Charles Lyell: biography of this influential British geologist

Charles Lyell: biography of this influential British geologist

Charles Lyell was a British geologist, lawyer and paleontologist, considered one of the founders of modern geology and stratigraphy, a study of the layers of the Earth’s surface. Despite studying law and practicing as a lawyer for a while, he ended up opting for the field of natural sciences, geology, his real passion. In this …

Ada Lovelace: biography of this mathematician and programming pioneer

Ada Lovelace: biography of this mathematician and programming pioneer

Ada Lovelace was an advanced woman for her time. Women in Science and Technology, since 2009, every second Tuesday in October, is celebrated the International Day, a date which aims to commemorate the achievements of women in fields such as technology, science, engineering and mathematics . Born Augusta Ada Byron, she was the daughter of …

Marie Curie: biography of this pioneering researcher in radioactivity

Marie Curie: biography of this pioneering researcher in radioactivity

It is impossible to train in both the physical and chemical sciences and not know Marie Curie. This researcher was one of the best known scientists, especially in the study of radioactivity. Together with her husband Piere, she made important discoveries such as the radio and poloni elements. His work was recognized by two Nobel …

Heinz Kohut: biography and career of this psychoanalyst

Heinz Kohut: biography and career of this psychoanalyst

Heinz Kohut was an Austrian psychoanalyst who developed his entire career in the city of Chicago, United States. The culmination of Kohut’s life was the development of his theory of the self, which went beyond the scope of Freudian theories, its nuclear construction being the “self” over the personality of human beings. Below we will …

Aaron Beck: Biography of the Creator of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Aaron Beck: Biography of the Creator of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

On Monday November 1, one of the most important figures in clinical psychology passed away: Aaron Temkin Beck. This American psychiatrist is considered to be the inventor of cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy., being his fundamental scientific discoveries for the therapeutic approach to depression. Beck’s figure is widely known in all psychology schools, including …

Salvador Minuchin: biography of this pioneer in family therapy

Salvador Minuchin: biography of this pioneer in family therapy

From humble origins, this precursor of family therapy never stopped working as a therapist and teacher for other future professionals who sought to follow his model. Minuchin’s long career in the field of psychotherapy allowed him to develop a new model of therapy, known as structural family therapy, which arose from his work as a …

Otto Rank: biography of this Viennese psychoanalyst

Otto Rank: biography of this Viennese psychoanalyst

Otto Rank’s work on psychoanalysis has been very extensive, highlighting his theory of birth trauma which has sparked much controversy, both inside and outside of psychoanalysis. This Viennese psychoanalyst, disciple and friend of Sigmund Freud for twenty years, was one of the main precursors of brief dynamic psychotherapy, framed in the current of psychoanalysis. Below …

Mariano Yela Granizo: biography of this Spanish psychologist and philosopher

Mariano Yela Granizo: biography of this Spanish psychologist and philosopher

Mariano Yela is considered one of the most representative figures of the panorama of psychology in Spain in the twentieth century because he is one of its promoters in this country, not to mention the long professional career developed. This prolific psychologist since his childhood has always been distinguished by his academic results, which allowed …

Werner Heisenberg: biography of this German theoretical physicist

Werner Heisenberg: biography of this German theoretical physicist

Werner Heisenberg is one of the most important figures in physics of the twentieth century. Its principle of uncertainty as well as its discoveries in quantum and nuclear theory have shaped this science during the last century and today. Born at the beginning of the 20th century, his life was marked by a remarkable boom …

Ernest Rutherford: biography and contributions of this New Zealand physicist

Ernest Rutherford: biography and contributions of this New Zealand physicist

Ernest Rutherford is one of the most recognized researchers in the field of physics, as his discoveries in this field have been numerous. He was especially interested in the experimental field, that is to say in the practical verification of his beliefs, in order to constitute later theories. His main contributions were the discovery of …

Amedeo Avogadro: biography and contributions of this Italian physicist and chemist

Amedeo Avogadro: biography and contributions of this Italian physicist and chemist

Amedeo Avogadro is known by the formula that developed and to which he gave his name, the law of Avogadro, based on the fact that when different substances in the gaseous state, being in identical measurements of temperature and pressure, also contain the same numerical amount of molecules. In addition to carrying out extensive teaching …

Robert Boyle: biography and contributions of this researcher

Robert Boyle: biography and contributions of this researcher

Robert Boyle was a philosopher, chemist, physicist and inventor, also notable for the study of religion (in particular, he was a Christian theologian). He was particularly interested in experimental science, focusing first on the study of gases, which allowed him to develop his famous Boyle’s law or Boyle-Mariotte law, which establishes an inverse relationship between …

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: biography of this philosopher

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: biography of this philosopher

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher, considered one of the great representatives of idealism in Germany. His work, like that of other German philosophers of the time such as Emmanuel Kant, exerted a great weight on thought, both in the Germanic country and in the rest of Europe, in the 18th and 19th …

Gerd Gigerenzer: biography and work of this psychologist

Gerd Gigerenzer: biography and work of this psychologist

Gerd Gigerenzer is a well-known German psychologist, Currently responsible for the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the Harding Center of Risk Literacy. He is an important author who, in addition to performing the above functions, has studied and analyzed the role of heuristics and intuition in decision-making in our lives. Throughout this article, …

Gordon Allport: Biography of this personality psychologist

Gordon Allport: Biography of this personality psychologist

Gordon allport he is widely known in the field of psychology, primarily for being one of the pioneers and founders of personality theory. Not content with the behaviorist vision of American psychology or European psychoanalysis, he chose to combine the best of both perspectives, considering that it is necessary to start from an empirical point …

Gottlob Frege: biography of this German philosopher

Gottlob Frege: biography of this German philosopher

Do you know who Gottlob Frege was? G. Frege (1848-1925) was a German philosopher, logician and mathematician, considered the father of analytical philosophy and mathematical logic. Analytical philosophy is a branch of knowledge that deals with the logical analysis of scientific language as well as common language. For its part, mathematical logic (or symbolic logic) …

Franz Mesmer: Biography of this pioneer of hypnosis

Franz Mesmer: Biography of this pioneer of hypnosis

Although still a practice questioned by many experts, hypnosis has become a useful method to potentiate the effects of psychotherapy in cases of insomnia, smoking and even post-traumatic stress. However, in its early days, hypnosis was an unscientific procedure whose mechanism was not known to those who used it. For a long time hypnosis It …

Ethel Puffer Howes: Biography of this psychologist and activist

Ethel Puffer Howes: Biography of this psychologist and activist

Ethel Puffer Howes (1872-1950) was an American psychologist who conducted various studies on the psychology of beauty and aesthetics, which was one of the important stages in the consolidation of psychology in the experimental field and in the- beyond philosophy. In this article we tackle the biography of Ethel Puffer Howes. A psychologist who, while …

Frederick Herzberg: Biography of this organizational psychologist

Frederick Herzberg: Biography of this organizational psychologist

The figure of Frederick Herzberg is widely known in social psychology and in particular in that of organizations, because his innovative theory of motivation and hygiene has made it possible to improve the conditions of employees in the workplace. Like many famous psychologists, Herzberg is not only dedicated to research, but also lectures, training other …

Francisco Suárez: biography of this Spanish philosopher

Francisco Suárez: biography of this Spanish philosopher

Francisco Suárez was a Spanish philosopher, theologian and jurist considered the maximum exponent of the scholastic philosophy of century XVI. A member of the Jesuits, he had the opportunity to study at various universities traveling through Christendom and to spread his philosophy. A strong supporter of the Catholic faith at a time when Protestantism had …

Francis Bacon: Biographical summary of this thinker and researcher

Francis Bacon: Biographical summary of this thinker and researcher

Francis Bacon was a 16th and 17th century intellectual who trained as a philosopher, writer, politician and lawyer. Of English origin, he is considered the father of philosophical and scientific empiricism, and his great works such as Novum Organum are remembered. In this article we will see a brief biography of Francias Bacon, As well …

Immanuel Kant: biography of this important German philosopher

Immanuel Kant: biography of this important German philosopher

Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher whose name did not go unnoticed, for his thought was of great relevance to Western philosophy. He is considered to be the great enlightened thinker of Germany and, in fact, it has been claimed that all pre-Kantian philosophy is old, that he is the one who spawned a veritable …

Joseph Stalin: biography and stages of his mandate

Joseph Stalin: biography and stages of his mandate

Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin (1879 – 1953) is certainly the most important political figure in the history of the Slavic people, of the Russian ethnicity more precisely. Many will not know that Joseph or Joseph was born in Gori, Georgia, under the command of the Russian tsars. He was born into …

Ibn Khaldun: biography of this philosopher and historian

Ibn Khaldun: biography of this philosopher and historian

Ibn Khaldun was a Tunisian historian, sociologist, philosopher, economist, geographer and demographer born in the 14th century into an honorable family of Andalusian origin. His life was marked by all manner of intrigue and jealousy of courtiers from the many Islamic kingdoms he frequented, giving advice and overseeing the decisions of sultans throughout North Africa. …

Jane Addams: Biography of this American Philosopher

Jane Addams: Biography of this American Philosopher

Jane Addams (1860-1935) was an American reformer, philosopher and activist who co-founded America’s first social residence, the Hull-House, dedicated to work for the immigrant population as well as various educational and social policies. She was also the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 and the same country’s first public philosopher. In …