The world of psychology in general, and the profession of psychotherapist in particularThey are very likely to be the basis of many myths that circulate in popular culture and are completely false. Myths about the role of therapists, about mental disorders and about the possibilities of healing, among others, which make the view of this field of work very biased and full of errors.
In short, these myths about psychotherapy they not only make people less aware of the work of psychologists, but also, because of them, create prejudices and false expectations that affect the fit between these services and the people who need them.
The main myths about psychotherapy
Thus, going through these different myths about psychotherapists and their work one by one is beneficial in order to be clear about the usefulness and potential of this important resource. Let’s see what are these misconceptions.
1. Therapy is reserved for people with disorders
People with diagnosed mental disorders or serious illnesses may have many reasons to see a psychotherapist, but this is also quite normal. that people without any of these problems decide to rely on the services of one of these professionals.
For example, a person who wants to improve their cognitive performance may decide to use working memory training or learn ways to deal with everyday problems.
2. The psychotherapist “heals”
In psychology, it is not possible to reverse situations, to bring the person back to a stage prior to the onset of a crisis or the first manifestations of a disorder. The brain is a constantly changing set of organs, never going through the same state, and so are mental states. When diagnosed disorders appear, you can relieve your symptoms, But don’t make them go away completely.
3. The patient retains a passive role
Nothing could be further from the truth. However, psychotherapists bring their experience and tools patients are not restricted to entering through the consultation door and let yourself be. They must do their part to progress.
4. Pay to have someone listen to us
The effectiveness of psychotherapy is not based simply on letting patients speak and express themselves, if at all. This myth may be based on a simplistic picture of traditional psychoanalysis sessions, but neither current psychotherapy is based on Sigmund Freud’s theories nor the service offered to give someone the chance to listen to us.
In fact, psychotherapists they will only ask for the relevant information to guide the process diagnosis, prognosis and intervention, which means that in addition to collecting data on patients, they use scientifically tested tools for which they have been trained and which, when applied to patients, help to guarantee the quality of life of these improvements. For example, you can see this by reviewing some cognitive behavioral techniques.
5. Psychotherapy is giving advice
This is another of the most common myths about psychotherapy, but it is completely wrong. In psychology, there are hardly any “golden rules” to guide our lives.But there are tools that can be applied in specific cases to improve the quality of people’s lives. Patients should not wait for the therapist to tell them how to organize their life. On more specific subjects.
6. In psychotherapy, all is well as long as you believe in it.
This is completely wrong. Not all therapeutic proposals are valid, only those that are they have scientifically proven effectiveness for a particular type of problem or goal. It is not enough to believe that a method can work for it to be really useful.
7. Therapists impose their point of view
In treatments with therapists of scientifically proven efficacy they don’t try to impose their own patternsBut they collect information and, based on what they know at the time, see which intervention is most effective in each case.
8. Optimism is taught in the sessions
Therapy services they’re not limited to just instilling optimism. In fact, in many cases it is not even necessary, as people show a predisposition to interpret things optimistically.
9. Reading self-help is like going to therapy
Read self-help books has not demonstrated therapeutic efficacy, Among other things because it does not allow patient-expert interaction and, on the other hand, cannot offer personalized treatment. Rather, its usefulness is to offer content to reflect on.
10. Improvement comes suddenly
Progress made through therapy sessions it usually happens gradually, Not overnight. In addition, in general, it indicates that its effects will be persistent.