Many of the psychological problems encountered by psychotherapy patients are related to sadness and emotional pain. This means that sometimes this feeling of deep discomfort is interpreted by those who suffer from it as an example of a very popular disorder: depression.
One who has no desire to do anything notices how lacking in motivation for everything, feels extremely sad and even has a hard time experiencing joy or pleasure apparently exhibits symptoms related to depression ; however, one should be careful with these evaluations.
You can have some of these depression-like disorders, but you don’t, and of course you may not really have a mental disorder. In this article, we will explore the first option: that of mental illness and depression-like disorders.
5 disorders you can confuse with depression
First of all, it should be borne in mind that diagnosing a mental disorder is a very complicated thing and requires the involvement of expert healthcare professionals. Detecting psychological problems is extremely complicatedBecause there are no purely objective aspects to look at to determine with a good margin of safety that an individual has such a disorder or that on the contrary is in good health.
To diagnose, psychologists and psychiatrists they use subjective information given by patients and the social circles close to them; they can’t analyze blood samples to diagnose social phobia, for example.
The same happens with depression, so keep in mind that the diagnostic criteria for this disorder and any other are very specific and cannot be covered by a vague explanation of what people are going through. As an example, you can see these other illnesses and psychological disorders which, while related to mood issues, are not depression and have their own diagnostic category.
1. Chronic fatigue syndrome
This disease, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitisThis generates symptoms that can cause her to go through depression in front of someone inexperienced.
Specifically, those who suffer from this disorder experience it severe fatigue constantly and without apparent explanation which helps to understand why this is happening. In addition, other symptoms are difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances and this condition for several hours and muscle pain; all are also common in patients with depression.
Thenwhat is the fundamental differencel among these troubles? Motivation. People with chronic fatigue syndrome feel bad because they don’t have the strength to do what they want, while people with depression don’t because they don’t feel motivated by next to nothing. .
It should be noted that dysthymia is not drastically separated from depression, and in fact is part of the same family of mental disorders. Moreover, even the medication given to dysthymic patients is usually the same as that given to patients with major depression: antidepressants.
However, the concept of dysthymia refers to a significantly milder kind of depression that is chronic, meaning that it lasts for several years or a lifetime and instead of consisting of epidemics, its symptoms are more stable: diagnosed. after suffering from it for over two years. .
3. Bipolar disorder
There are many myths about bipolar disorder, And there are even those who believe it has to do with multiple personalities. But to make matters worse, this disorder can lead to virtually any symptom associated with depression. This is because, as the name suggests, bipolar disorder has two phases, one of which is depression. The difference between the bipolar patient and the depressed patient lies in the second phase of the disorder presented by the first: mania.
During phases of mania, the person feel a sense of euphoriaEnergy and optimism take over your body and in fact, in many cases, you feel good. However, this exaltation of the spirit can cause them to take great risks and even compromise the well-being of others.
Anemia is a health problem that in most cases caused it due to lack of iron in the blood, which makes it less able to carry oxygen. In almost all cases, this leads to fatigue and loss of strength, and it is common to feel dizzy and generally unwell.
Sometimes this situation can cause the patient to do less and less, to the point that he isolates himself and begins to feel bad enough to be in this state of passivity, something which bears a superficial resemblance to depression. .
However, it is an alteration easily identifiable from medical testsAnd unlike with depression, it can go away by correcting its original cause, which is usually related to poor nutrition or inconspicuous but regular blood loss.
The thyroid gland, located in the neckIt is one of the biggest producers of hormones in our body, and therefore any problem in its functioning can produce significant changes in a person’s mood.
In hypothyroidism, the thyroid secretes less hormones than normal, which produces low mood and fatigue, depressive symptoms. As with anemia, this is usually corrected in its entirety by working on the root of the problem, usually by taking medication.