8 exercises to train memory in the elderly

The increase in life expectancy leads to a series of losses in terms of skills and abilities, and memory is one of the most affected in the elderly and the perception of their own difficulties often causes them discomfort and dissatisfaction. .

However, it is now known that the brain is made of plastic, which allows it to adapt to changes throughout life and, at the same time, allows humans to continue to store new knowledge even in old age. This is possible thanks to the training already perform exercises to train memory in old age, always keeping an active mind.

In this article, we will briefly present a series of exercises that will be used to train you, especially with a focus on older people.

    Exercises to train memory in old age

    Here are some exercises to train memory in old age, and they are also useful for younger ones, serving to prevent dementia.

    1. Make exercise books

    There are a multitude of workbooks that are used for cognitive stimulation in order to prevent cognitive impairment, which are very useful for the elderly to maintain a regular routine that allows them to keep their brain and memory active at home, without having to go to a specialized center (for example, math exercises, reading comprehension, synonyms and antonyms, to explain the meaning of a series of words, to classify the words by categories, to complete sentences, to add words to the definition, etc.).

    This would be highly recommended for people who do not have severe cognitive disorders requiring professional supervision, although those who need specialized supervision because they show signs of cognitive impairment can also do so as a supplement. important treatment.

    Outraged, these types of notebooks are generally classified by different levels, using the following classification as an example, which may vary this classification between the different publishing houses:

    • Level 1: People with moderate cognitive impairments, who retain their drawing and reading skills.
    • Level 2: People with moderate to mild disabilities and a basic culture level.
    • Level 3: for people with mild or emerging cognitive impairment.

    Also, when the elderly person does these exercises they should be accompanied by a family member or caregiver so that they can supervise the exercises., as it is also recommended to make this practice a daily habit and try to establish a schedule to always perform them at the same time, always in a quiet place, so that you get used to providing control and organization. to your day, which can be very beneficial for memory.

      2. Write in a journal

      This is another exercise to train memory in old age and it is for the elderly person to write in as much detail as possible a series of important events that they have experienced and marked, for better or for worse, because all of these events are memories that allow the person to give continuity to the personal history that they have lived.

      In addition, this journal can be used by the person to go to recall certain moments, which is a tool that can be used at certain times when they forget certain details of their past, so as to slow down memory loss in addition to be able to facilitate the memory of moments of happiness that lived a long time ago.

      And remembering who you are, and therefore still are, could be a good resource for people with any type of dementia. they can recover as much memory as possible, in this episodic case.

      On the other hand, writing a diary can help tidy up episodic memory, relating to events experienced throughout life, while keeping the brain active.

        3. Interactive online exercises

        One of the advantages of technological advances is the possibility of accessing a number of virtual platforms developed for cognitive stimulation, having exercises focused on people of all ages and with any level of education, having exercises to train various cognitive abilities (for example, attention, language, reasoning or memory).

        Among them we will highlight the exercise-oriented platforms to train memory at an advanced age, with very diverse exercises focused on stimulate all areas of the brain which are involved in cognitive impairment, such as memory loss.

        Of course, it is advisable to get help from a professional, a family member or a caregiver, as it is very common that they need help to access these platforms.

        You can find all kinds of stylish platforms in any internet search engine. Likewise, in the digital age we live in, there are also many games for computers, tablets and cellphones that are used to perform cognitive training exercises, where you can work on different mental skills, such as memory.

        These games are designed for you people learn to handle them intuitively without learning an instruction manual; however, from a certain age they may need the help of a family member or caregiver to help them access and teach these types of games.

          4. Exercises to remember a story

          The aim of this exercise is for the person to organize the information received on a news item in a time sequence.

          For example, it tells the story of a person without referring to the keywords that denote the elapsed time sequence.

          Later, the same story is recited again, but this second time, keywords related to the time sequence that unfolded throughout the story are highlighted (for example, when standing up, when Levant). bed).

          The person is then asked to share what they remember from the story and the details of those key temporary moments that were brought to light in the story.

          This exercise is used to highlight the importance of temporarily arranging a story to make it easier to remember, being an excellent tool for remembering events and news.

            5. Word List Memory Exercises

            It is one of the exercises to train memory in old age, focused on people who do not have severe cognitive impairment.

            The exercise consists of presenting a list of 16 random words to memorize. But that’s why the person learns a series of steps that make it easier to remember.

            The first consists of ask them to sort the words by categories of words that have similar characteristics (eg animals on one side, plants on the other, etc.), which can be written on a sheet.

            The second step is to memorize each group of words separately.

            Then you should try to recite the 16 words. The most common is to recite them with the other words he described in the same group, since reciting them in the initial order would be more complicated. But the point of this exercise is for them to realize that the organization helps them learn and is a good resource for memory.

              6. Organization and spatial reference exercises

              Another exercise to train memory in old age is to use spatial references in an organized way.

              For example, when we try to remember a news item that we read a few days ago in the newspaper, it may help remind us that the news section it was in or the part of the page where it came from I found this information.

              Another example could be the one used by a teacher to memorize the names of his students, asking them to sit at the same desk every day, as it has been shown to keep tidy. our environment helps us memorize certain details and at the same time minimize oversights (for example, tidying up our bedroom closet to easily find a particular room while minimizing the risk of “losing” it).

              And it is that practicing exercises that stimulate our spatial memory strengthens our ability to establish references but also spatial associations. This spatial memory is what allows people to register in memory too retrieve information relating to the location of a person or object and also to the occurrence of an event.

              A very useful exercise for practicing spatial memory with the elderly is to place a set of tiles face down on a table. Each of these tiles is repeated so that there is a set of pairs of tiles. Then, on each attempt, when it is his turn, he must turn over two tiles in order to uncover a pair of tiles at the same time. If he fails to find the pair, he must turn the tiles over and try to memorize where each tile is located so that he can find the pair when he does manage to locate it on subsequent attempts.

                7. Visualization exercises

                Another exercise for training memory in old age is to use visual images, as they are a good tool for remembering certain things. And if we generate visual images associated with certain information that we intend to remember, we can more easily access that information and, at the same time, improve the performance of our memory, because visual memory allows us to recall in our memory the information that is associated with this image.

                For example, if a granddaughter wants her grandmother to get to know her new partner, tell her her name, where she works, where she grew up, etc., she is more likely to remember that person if she teaches her. also. a photo of your boyfriend, so that you can memorize his appearance and keep the image of his face. Thereforewhen you tell her something new about her boyfriend she is more likely to remember it if the image of his face comes to mind.

                This exercise can be very useful for the elderly to remember loved ones who have passed away or loved ones who live far away and cannot see them regularly so that they do not forget them.

                8. Method of places to remember daily tasks

                This exercise is used to remind you of a series of tasks that an older person must accomplish in their daily life in order to remain as independent as possible. Therefore, it is necessary to use internal and external strategies.

                Internal strategies

                Mental rehearsal of the different tasks you have to do, dividing them in chronological order (morning, afternoon and evening).

                We must try to associate a visual place with each task (for example, associate the fact of arriving at the kitchen in the morning with which we must prepare breakfast and take the pills prescribed by the doctor).

                External strategies

                It may be helpful to make a list of the tasks you need to do. You can also put posters in strategic places to make sure you read them when needed, so don’t forget to do something important (for example, put up a sign in the kitchen reminding you of the pills that need to be. be picked up at the time of each of them, or a sign on the front door reminding you that you must always leave your home with a cell phone, wallet and keys.

                These are just some of the many strategies used in exercises to train memory in old age.

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