It is adaptive to feel fear towards sharp or sharp objects, after all, not many people like to feel pain or be hurt by a cut. however, sometimes this fear becomes excessive, Become a problem for one who must come into contact by necessity with objects such as needles for medical reasons.
Aicmophobia is the fear of these objects and the injuries they can cause. It is closely related to the fear of evil and blood, overlapping several times. The good news is that this is an anxiety disorder that, if properly monitored, responds very well to treatment.
What is aicmophobia
As with all phobias, it is important to separate adaptive fear from phobia. Maybe someone is afraid or nervous before a test or before the introduction of an intravenous line. this it’s very different from irrational fear and impenetrable rejection who feels the patient with aicmophobia.
The person with aicmophobia may be stunned by simple eye contact with sharp or sharp objects such as needles, knives, scissors, saws, etc. Of course, approaching or coming into contact with these objects is unthinkable. Most of the time, the phobia is limited to the fear of being pierced with a needle, for example in an analytic. Other times the phobia is more and more prevalent fear situations such as receiving other invasive medical procedures, seeing or talking about surgeries, hospitals, medical and dental environments, medical instruments, or drug smells.
What people with aicmophobia fear if they come in contact with needles or sharp objects it’s not just about feeling badMany take it one step further and believe that they are going to pass out, lose control and have a panic attack, think that the needle may break and stay inside, or that they may experience all kinds of unpleasant physical sensations. .
In this type of phobias related to blood, lesions or injections, patients tend to have a unique physiological pattern when they come into contact with phobic stimuli. In aicmophobia, when the dreaded stimulus is perceived, an initial increase in blood pressure and heart rate occurs, followed by a rapid decrease in these parameters which eventually leads the patient to faint if left in. the situation. This is called a diffuse pattern and is unique to this class of phobias.
Causes of fear of sharp objects
Of course, the cause of phobias is always very variable. Each person has a life story that tells their own fear, but it is possible to distinguish different ones factors that usually appear in conjunction with aicmophobia.
Sometimes it develops after a traumatic event. For example, after having had a bad experience with needles or having had a very painful cut. Observing other people suffering damage with sharp objects in real or fictitious situations, an unexpected panic attack in a needle-related situation, or the mere transmission of information by another person. However, many people with phobia they are unable to remember the specific reason for the onset of their disorder.
People who are more neurotic or prone to fear in new or unfamiliar situations are predisposing factors to develop a phobia. Having overprotective parents, loss of parents, separation, physical abuse and sexual abuse also tend to predict other anxiety disorders.
There may also be genetic susceptibility to aymmophobia. People with these disorders have a peculiar tendency to faint in the presence of the phobic stimulus that others do not have.
Consequences and effects
Specific phobias, including aicmophobia, are the group of anxiety disorders that have a less severe impact on functioning. By definition, a phobia is clinically treated if it interferes with normal functioning. In aicmophobia, due to the specificity of the feared situations, there will be interference only if the patient has to undergo regular blood tests. that’s why most people with aicmophobia have multiple phobias, Not for a pure phobia.
In the most severe cases, it is impossible to carry out a blood test or intravenous treatment, threatening the health of the patient. Even the mere presence of health personnel or The smell of a doctor’s visit can be an aversive stimulant to be avoided, so that the individual ends up never going to the doctor for fear of getting stung.
Treatment of aicmophobia
The best established treatment for aicmophobia is live exposure with voltage applied. It is a combination of two techniques specific to phobias in which there is a diffuse response pattern.
The queen of techniques to eliminate phobias, remains the best established treatment to end aicmophobia. It consists of progressive approach to stimuli that produce phobic reactions. A first stimulus to overcome might be to see the image of a needle until it barely generates anxiety. As the stimuli are overcome, the patient will progress to more anxious situations until the goal of therapy, which may be to have blood drawn, is achieved.
Sometimes a live exposure can be too intense and it is better to start with an exposure in the imagination i.e. that the patient imagines the stimuli guided by the therapist and get used to it first.
This technique will accompany the exhibition. It will serve the aicmophobia patient as a crutch to avoid a very important obstacle: the diffuse response model. As we said before, phobias and blood damage come with a drop in blood pressure which can lead to fainting. To avoid this during exposure, the patient must tighten the muscles at the same time he is exposed to needles or knives. This gradually breaks the association between the needles and fainting.
Fortunately, aichmophobia is a disorder with a high response rate to treatment. The vast majority of patients who seek medical advice for not being able to cope with a needle end up overcoming their fears within a very few sessions.