Alice in Wonderland Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

If our senses rarely deceive us, it is, among other things, because in our brain there are many structures that work at the same time to have a realistic image of the world around us.

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome it is a testament to what happens when these processes start to become uncoordinated.

What is Alice in Wonderland Syndrome?

It is a very rare neurological disorder in which visual perception is impaired, See things of a size that does not correspond to reality.

Thus, it can happen that the person sees an object as if it were much smaller than it is, or that a giant is created between miniaturized elements, or that the reverse occurs and is noticed as elements of the environment or of one’s own body. smaller than normal.

Specifically, it is very common that the visual hallucinations that appear with this syndrome are related to the way the parts of the body itself are perceived.

    Symptoms of this perception problem

    In some cases, Alice in Wonderland syndrome it may be reflected in the micropsy, while in others it is expressed as a macropsy.


    On micropsy, everything appears to be much smaller than it actually is.


    In this case, it is the opposite of what defines a micropsy: the bodily or environmental elements are visualized in a distorted way, as if they are much larger than expected.

    other symptoms

    The two preceding phenomena do not make it possible to determine very well how far from oneself an object, an animal or a person is, which produces disorientation, anxiety and a feeling of vulnerability.

    These visual hallucinations usually do not last indefinitely and go away after a few minutes. On another side, they are more common to appear overnight, When the light is poor and you are about to fall asleep (which is also common in other forms of hallucinations).

    In addition, in some cases, Alice in Wonderland syndrome is accompanied by loss of time concept and / or hallucinations on objects, animals, objects or people that are not really visible, which aggravates the feeling of disorientation. Sometimes all of these visual disappointments are accompanied by tactile or auditory hallucinations.

      Where does the name of this disorder come from?

      Alice in Wonderland is named after the famous novel by Lewis Carroll, the protagonist experienced this phenomenon under the influence of the magic that surrounded the region she was exploring.

      These parts of the story they were inspired by the experiences of Lewis Carroll himself, who had this syndrome. However, the symptoms of this alteration are not as stimulating as they were in his literary work and produce remarkable discomfort.

      the causes

      Like any neurological disorder, Lycia Syndrome in Wonderland does not have very well-known causes, as it is influenced by many factors and, in addition, the brain of every human being is something unique and very much adapted to the life of each person.

      This means that it can be caused by various types of injuries or alterations in the functioning of the body, whether chronic or one-off. For example, blood circulation problems in the brain could lead to its symptoms.

      On another side, some lesions and diseases, such as the Epstein-Barr virus, can produce this symptomatic picture, Since for this it is only necessary to start to change the functioning of certain groups of neurons in a way not predicted by evolution.

      Who experiences it?

      Alice in Wonderland Syndrome it is much more common during childhood and adolescence. From the age of 30, it is much rarer and, in any case, can appear as a result of brain damage.


      Once the diagnosis of this syndrome is made, a treatment is established which will depend on each case and the causes linked to the appearance of the symptoms. Sometimes better rest and better sleep will be enough for symptoms to go away., While in others it is necessary to treat diseases and neurological alterations of a chronic nature.

      In all cases, any form of intervention on Alice in Wonderland Syndrome must be offered and supervised by a health specialist sufficiently accredited for this and trained in mental health and neurology.

      Likewise, the prognosis of this syndrome is very variable., And it depends on their causes and how easy it is to intervene on them to fix the problem.

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