Language disorders are diverse, both in their symptoms and in the origin of the disorder.
In this article, we’ll take a look at everything related to driving aphasia., What are its main symptoms, how is the diagnosis, causes and treatment of these cases.
What is aphasia
What characterizes motor aphasia is the inability to repeat words that reach the ears..
For example, imagine that immediately after having some sort of accident, we regain consciousness and notice that it becomes impossible for us to repeat the words they say to us. Probably in this case we will be faced with this type of aphasia.
This speech disorder corresponds to organic causes in the brain. More precisely it arises from lesions in the arched fascicle, Which connects the Broca region to the Wernicke region and the supramarginal gyrus.
Usually, the incidents that mainly cause aphasia while driving are cerebrovascular diseases (ECV), although they may have other origins, let’s review what they are.
1. Cranioencephalic trauma
After suffering some kind of accident, driving aphasia can occur. Under normal conditions, after some time, with the necessary treatment and rest, he can be completely rehabilitated.
2. Central nervous system (CNS) tumors
One of the symptoms that the subject may have with a tumor in a CNS structure is the inability to reproduce words, which is why neurological assessment is essential.
Other possible causes are degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or brain infections, Others.
What are the symptoms of this disorder?
Besides the inability to repeat words orally, there are other symptoms characteristic of this type of aphasia. Let’s see them.
- Difficulty finding words (phonemic paraphrase).
- readings (aloud).
- Written changes.
In the most severe cases of this type of aphasia, the repetition of words may become completely zero on the part of the affected subject, While in the mildest cases, the person can even pronounce a word, after performing a series of approximations out loud. The latter is called phonemic paraphrase disorder, which is a comorbidity with conduction aphasia.
As the person develops this aphasia, they may be able to repeat a few words, provided the extent of the injury is not too large and the words given to them make sense. When it comes to meaningless words (pseudo-words), the subject is completely unable to repeat them.
Considering the multiple types of aphasia that exist, it is one of the lightest there is, and its diagnosis becomes very easy to perform.
First the level of education and the age of the subject must be taken into account before the time of the accident who caused the disorder; this will be the starting point for the evaluation.
The extent of the lesion is then reviewed by means of a neuropsychological assessment, taking into account that there are multiple degrees of involvement with regard to brain structures and that it is necessary to establish what is necessary. ‘it presents exactly in the patient.
In addition to this assessment, the individual receives a series of clues, primarily focused on the repetition of specific words, letters, made-up words and random phrases. This is to give the assessor an idea of the extent of the injury. through the complications shown by the subject for decoding the auditory information provided to him by means of the indications
The tiramiento for aphasias is mainly based on language therapies with a speech therapist, as well as a neuropsychological rehabilitation process. The latter is important, since by exercising cognitive processes in general we stimulate our speech process.
Remember that verbal expression is an extension of our thinking; when working on concentration, memory and executive functions, giant strides are made in recovery from aphasia.
- Ardila, A. (2010). A proposal for reinterpretation and reclassification of aphasic syndromes. Aphasia 24 (3): 363-394.
- Damasio, H .; Damasio, AR (1980). The anatomical basis of motor aphasia. Brain, 103 (2): 337-350.