Asperger’s syndrome: 10 signs to identify this disorder

the Asperger’s syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the social functioning, communication and language, motor skills, activities and interests of the individual who suffers from it, even though intelligence is normal (and even above average).

Asperger’s Syndrome has currently been removed from the DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria Manual and this category has become encompassed in autism spectrum disorders. However, its causes, symptoms, and signs need to be explained here to put in context a diagnostic label that has been widely used in recent decades.

The cause of Asperger’s syndrome appears to be dysfunction of various brain circuits, And the affected areas are the amygdala, the frontal and temporal circuits and the cerebellum, structures involved in the development of the social relationship.

10 signals to detect Asperger’s syndrome

Asperger’s syndrome affects between 3 and 7 in 1,000 children (aged 7 to 16) and there are more cases in boys than in girls. The presence of medium (high) intelligence can lead to underestimating the difficulties and limitations presented by people with this disorder.

Having a high IQ (IQ) is no guarantee of a satisfying lifeEmotional and social intelligence is important for personal, academic and professional success and is essential for the development of skills such as empathy, social judgment, common sense or the ability to negotiate.

Neurological functioning of Asperger’s syndrome

The characteristic way of thinking and understanding the world of people with Asperger’s syndrome has sparked much debate among experts. Currently, there seems to be a consensus that the particular psychological functioning of individuals suffering from this disorder can be explained from several theoretical models.

Although these models are of great relevance, so far none of these theories have been able to fully explain Asperger’s syndrome.

Deficiency of the “theory of mind”

Theory of mind refers to the ability to deduce mental states of others: In your thoughts, desires, beliefs, etc., and use the information you receive to predict your behavior and find meaning in your behavior. In other words, theory of mind refers to the ability to put yourself in another person’s shoes.

Studies in this area indicate that people with Asperger’s syndrome fail to formulate an explanation for the thinking or behavior of others. The theory of mind deficit makes it impossible to explain and understand both one’s own behaviors and those of others, and therefore it is not only impossible to predict what others will do and their intentions, but it affects the Most daily activities that influence personal development. and the well-being of people suffering from this pathology.

Executive function deficit

Executive function is the ability to keep active an appropriate set of problem-solving strategies in order to achieve a future goal. Therefore, it is associated with intentionality, purpose, and complex decision making (eg, impulse control, inhibition of inappropriate responses, etc.).

This appears to be due to a dysfunction of the frontal lobe. People with Asperger’s syndrome have one deficit in executive functions, because their behavior and thinking are rigid, repetitive and persevering. Examples of this deficit can be: inability to plan, organizational difficulties, etc.

Right hemisphere dysfunction

The right hemisphere (HD) is important for the treatment of visuospatial information, For aspects related to language (intonation or prosody) and is related to the expression and interpretation of emotions.

HD dysfunction is linked to problems in social life, Such as the interpretation of gestures, problems with the intonation of the messages to be transmitted, problems with body posture or difficulties in integrating coherent information. People with this disorder have difficulty grasping the emotional meaning of others, poor performance in tasks that require integration of aspect-motor information, and difficulties in social relationships.

Signs to detect Asperger’s syndrome

There are many behaviors that can indicate the presence of Asperger’s syndrome. In summary, below are displayed 10 characteristic signs of this disorder:

  • Difficulties in social interaction and limited social relations
  • Lack of empathy with others
  • Difficulty understanding and understanding the world around them and the emotions of others
  • They can react in an annoying way to certain external stimuli: noises, images, light …
  • They may show motor retardation and awkwardness in their movements
  • Restricted, rigid, systematic and repetitive interests and activities
  • Eccentric or unusual behaviors
  • They usually don’t look you in the eye when talking to you
  • They speak a lot, in a high and peculiar tone, and use pedantic language, extremely formal and with an extensive vocabulary.
  • They make up idiosyncratic words or expressions
  • Sometimes they seem absent, absorbed in their thoughts

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