There are women who, after giving birth, enter a state of inexplicable sadness. Irritability, emotional decline, sudden mood swings, fatigue, and in some cases spontaneous crying appear.
This phenomenon does not always have to be a case of postpartum depression.; it could also be something known as the baby blues and is, in fact, very common.
What is the baby blues?
The baby blues is a psychological phenomenon that involves the entered a state of sadness which can last between a few hours, a few days and two weeks after giving birth. It is considered particularly common in early mothers, And her symptoms don’t become so intense that they significantly interfere with the chores of the person who gave birth.
This means that although the baby blues are boring and cause discomfort (or rather it is the discomfort itself), it is not for women unable to perform their daily tasks and they are not deprived of autonomy.
The baby blues is, more than anything, a phenomenon which affects the subjectivity of the person, and which beyond its own discomfort does not have very clear and obvious objective expressions. From a clinical point of view, it does not matter.
In short, the baby blues is not a psychological disorder, but a set of symptoms that are not very intense and, together, do not compromise the mental health of the mother.
How does this manifest itself?
The most common symptoms of baby blues are:
- Loss of appetite
- Sleep problems
- Feeling of discomfort and sadness in general
- spontaneous crying whose causes are difficult to determine
The causes of the baby blues
What is the reason for the emergence of the baby blues? It’s not easy to know, but specialists attribute it to the sudden hormonal changes that occur in the mother after birth. More precisely, the hormones and substances involved in these changes are estrogen, Serotonin, Progesterone and prolactin.
However, not all causes are isolated in the biology of the mother: the way it is affected by the environment also produces important effects. Specifically, the need to take care of the baby for the first two weeks produces significant physical and psychological wear and tear which often results in a lack of sleep.
In turn, the effects produced by the environment on the body mix with the hormonal changes generated by childbirth, and from this neurochemical vortex is born the baby blues.
The mild version of postpartum depression
It is very common to confuse the baby blues with postpartum depression, because both phenomena they are linked to sadness. however, the differences between the two phenomena are remarkable. In fact, the baby blues is sometimes referred to as postpartum sadness to differentiate it from the other.
The baby blues is a set of symptoms, meanwhile postpartum depression is a threat to mental health and is the subject of clinical psychological and psychiatric treatment which sometimes requires the use of psychotropic drugs. In addition, the first goes away on its own, but the second must be treated by health specialists.
Also, while the baby blues can last up to two weeks and may not appear until the following days after birth, postpartum depression may last for a year and appear at a later stage, weeks after childbirth.
On the other hand, the baby blues is much more common than up to 80% of births can occur, While postpartum depression in any of its degrees of intensity does not exceed 15%.
How to deal with the baby blues
To know how to deal with the baby blues, it is recommended that you follow these simple guidelines:
1. Realize it’s a hormonal thing
There is no point in trying to rationalize your emotions and discomfort by blaming others. It is best to keep in mind that this discomfort is due to a very common hormonal mismatch, and that it will happen on its own.
2. Find moments of rest
If you can have the opportunity to rest and sleep well, Much of the discomfort if it’s okay soon.
3. Follow the routines
Let’s not fall into very chaotic and unpredictable behavioral dynamics: follow well-defined habits to help rebalance your hormone levels.
4. Accept help from others
Having a birth is not easy, And others know it. The baby blues is just one of the many proofs of this. For this reason, it is a good idea to accept help from those who are able to help with tasks.