As the means of integrating technology into the treatment of psychological problems advance, the repertoire of tools to help all types of patients grows.
This is particularly important when it comes to intervening with children with problems of this type, because the first years of life are an age group in which we are very vulnerable; complications in the development of brain maturation can lead to a domino effect with more serious consequences than they would suffer if they began to develop these disorders in adulthood.
In fact, one of these tools based on the use of technological solutions, Neurofeedback, is widely used to intervene in ADHDOne of the most problematic disorders in school-aged boys and girls. Let’s see what it is and how it applies in these cases.
What is Neurofeedback? What about ADHD?
Neurofeedback is a technique based on recording brain activity (In wave form) to give feedback that the patient can use to self-regulate brain function patterns. In other words, it allows to visualize in real time the level of brain activity to be able to correct certain tendencies and readjust certain mental processes.
On the other hand, Neurofeedback belongs to a group of techniques belonging to the category of Biofeedback, in which the person obtains information about what is happening in his body: heart rate, neuronal activity, muscle tone, etc.
For its part, ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a psychological disorder which expresses itself from childhood and in which concentration problems arise. and maintain consistency in the execution of tasks. Children with ADHD find it very difficult to stay focused on lessons in school, for example, and even to sit still on the table chair.
Thus, ADHD very negatively affects school performance and makes it difficult to take advantage of it during the years of formal education. Additionally, people with ADHD are at an increased risk for drug addiction, anxiety disorders, and other complications.
Benefits of neurofeedback in children with ADHD
As we have seen, Neurofeedback emphasizes the need to learn to self-regulate by learning what is going on in our body. This is the logic he uses as a tool to help people with ADHD; let’s see what advantages it brings as a therapeutic support in these cases.
1. Improves the patient’s level of autonomy
The main purpose of neurofeedback is to “train” the patient to recognize the signals that his own body sends to him. to understand its activation state. This means that as the sessions progress, this non-verbal knowledge consolidates in the patient’s memory, so that he cannot fail to take it into account and use it spontaneously to better manage the way in which this who is affected by distractions, anxiety, impulses, and so on.
2. It does not require a great command of the language
Child and adolescent therapy is characterized by taking into account the verbal limitations of a class of patients who do not yet fully master abstract thinking or introspection. However, Neurofeedback circumvents this type of limitation, because it is not based on the use of words or thoughts, but on implicit learning.
3. It has no side effects
Unlike other therapeutic resources, such as stimulant-type psychotropic drugs that are sometimes prescribed to treat ADHD, Neurofeedback has no side effects, as it is based solely on each person’s behavior and their potential to develop. ‘self-regulation of its level of activation and attentional management. In addition, it is a painless technique, because although it registers brain activity, it fails to pierce the skin.
- Arns M, by Ridder S, Strehl U, Breteler M, Coenen A (July 2009). “Effectiveness of Neurofeedback Treatment in ADHD: Effects on Inattention, Impulsivity, and Hyperactivity: A Meta-Analysis.” Clinical EEG and Neuroscience. 40 (3): 180-189.
- Skodzik T, Holling H, Pedersen A (February 2017). Long-term memory performance in ADHD in adults. Journal of Attention Disorders. 21 (4): 267-283.
- Weissenberger, Simon; Ptacek, Radek; Klicperova-Baker, Martina; Erman, Andreja; chonova, Katerina S .; Raboch, Jiri; Goetz, Michal (April 2017). “ADHD, Lifestyles and Co-morbidities: A Call for a Holistic Perspective: From Medical Factors to the Social Factors Involved. Psychology of Borders, 8: 454.