Binge eating disorder it is characterized, according to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), by frequent episodes of eating foods in quantities significantly greater than what others would eat under similar circumstances, over a period of approximately two hours, with a feeling of lack of control.
These episodes are associated with eating at high speed, feeling unpleasantly full, eating without being physically hungry, eating alone out of embarrassment, feeling disgusted, depressed, or ashamed of oneself.
This disorder is not often accompanied by inappropriate compensatory behaviors, as with bulimia nervosa, such as self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives, diuretics, fasting, or excessive exercise in an attempt to maintain control body weight with excessive worry.
Risk factors associated with an eating disorder
The population most at risk of contracting this type of disorder is adolescents., since, being a stage of transitional development between childhood and adulthood, physical and psychological changes are experienced that determine the life of each person; it mainly affects young women.
Although people of any age, gender, race, and ethnicity can suffer from an eating disorder (ED), adolescent girls and young women are the group with the highest frequency of ED, with biological factors as cause (genes, heredity and others), early sexualization, environment and socio-cultural elements: those who find themselves intrinsically in our way of thinking by participating in processes like self-evaluation, without leaving aside that we are social beings, because we are influenced all the time by our environment, and what that defines as aesthetically adequate or not, producing ideal body images in both men and women.
Moreover, my studies and my professional experience coincide in this sense the nuclear family plays a fundamental role in the construction of self-esteem and what is perceived from the self-image, since the power of what one communicates to a person (both to others and to oneself) and especially to a person who is in the process of forging their identity, has a great influence on mental health.
On one occasion, a woman of around 27 told me that another person had implied that her physical appearance at that time was not “optimal”. However, she says, “what this person doesn’t know is that my parents built me a strong self-esteem.”
Although to date there are no studies that can clearly identify the causes of this type of disorder, without a doubt the affected person is in a serious emotional and self-management condition.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder
It is curious that Trastorno por Acracón was included in the most recent and complete version of the DSM-5 published in 2013. Could it be that this condition has not been identified before? Or what is a disorder of the new generations?
It is true that today’s society has high levels of prevalence of anxiety, depression and stress symptoms, which are directly related to lifestyles and learning.
As for the relationship Trastorno por Acracón and Obsessive Compulsive BehaviorI was able to appreciate an interesting combination between the two, recognizing in my work experience Trastornos por Atracón, that is, a compulsion to eat excessively at certain times, accompanied by an obsessive thought, that is- i.e. the presence of constant and persistent thoughts related to food such as, for example: “What will my next meal be? “I need to eat something now”…
There is a permanent organization of meals, a preoccupation with gaining weight, great difficulty in achieving a feeling of psychological satiety (the person may find that their physical capacity for food intake is completely exceeded and in turn continue with cravings for food difficult to control or mental hunger).
What is interesting is that this symptomatological combination it can appear as a defense mechanism against complex emotional experiences which may have been presented during childhood, adolescence, youth, adulthood or old age, regardless of the stage of development a person is in when it appears, preventing the person from being able to deal with introspection work that requires the processing of emotional information which in some cases can be difficult and even traumatic, interfering with daily life.