Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that belongs to the group of mood disorders.
In this article, we will focus on the symptoms in women typical of bipolar disorder., How to recognize them and the types of clinical expressions whose effects are manifested in both men and men.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder in women
Generally speaking, bipolar disorder is an alteration characterized by extreme mood swings. In its classic variant, stages of depression and mania appearThat is, phases characterized by sadness and the inability to feel pleasure or motivation in the first case, and phases based on frenzy, excitement and thoughts of grandiosity by which the person believes himself capable of doing anything.
On the other hand, the symptoms of bipolar disorder in women which are more characteristic in them are as follows, although the differences between the sexes are generally quantitative and not qualitative, and at the end we will see the symptoms of this disorder which are produce. both in them and in them.
1. The depressive phase predominates
There should be no symmetry in terms of the duration and intensity of the manic and depressive phase. Therefore, while in the male version the manic stage is relatively noticeable, in women the expressions of depression are a bit more typical and frequent.
2. Pregnancy intensifies the effects
Although this does not have to be the case in all cases, It is very common for hormonal changes during pregnancy to intensify symptoms. bipolar disorder in women.
3. Menstruation intensifies the effects
Similar to pregnancy, menstruation has a domino effect due to the imbalance of hormonal regulation, which results in more intense stages of mania and depressive stages in which there is even less energy, more marked abulia, etc.
4. Increased risk of suicide
In general, women are more likely than men to attempt suicide, which is why bipolar disorder in women this can be particularly dangerous in this regard. Typically, these attempts are not based on attempting to break or cut parts of the body, but have more to do with poisoning and suffocation.
5. Increased likelihood of weight gain
Women generally have a slower metabolism than men, which is why they are more likely to accumulate body fat in a relatively short time. Due to the characteristics of the depressive stage of bipolar disorder, this sedentary lifestyle it can cause women to gain weight until they reach an unhealthy situation.
6. Increased risk of eating disorders
Perhaps because of the social pressure that exists regarding the need for women to look good, the hormonal and emotional imbalances inherent in this disorder are more likely to spawn others. psychological disorders related to eating behavior, Such as anorexia or bulimia.
Types of bipolar disorder
As for the symptoms of bipolar disorder that occur in both men and women, it depends on which variant of bipolar disorder we are dealing with. Let’s look at a summary.
In this variation, the manic phase is relatively intense and long-lasting, although the depressive phase also occurs. Both can last for several days, and they alternate quickly.
Mania is characterized by a feeling of euphoria, a desire to do a lot of things, and the ability to put oneself in danger and endanger others. On the other hand, symptoms of a psychotic type, such as delusions and hallucinations, may also appear.
In this variant what prevails is the depressive stage, characterized by abulia (lack of motivation and desire to do anything, even basic daily tasks to live well), sadness and hopelessness, and inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia).
Cyclothymia is a less intense kind of bipolar disorder, in which the life of the person with it is much less risky because the symptoms are not that extreme. It usually occurs in two phases, hypomania and one with mild depressive symptoms.
Bipolar disorder not specified
It is in this category that all cases in which the symptoms do not correspond to other types of bipolar disorder are included, so there is a mixture of clinical manifestations that do not normally occur together.
The causes of this disorder are largely unknown, although it is believed to be due to an error in the ability to regulate hormone levels. Outraged, this is partly due to genetic predispositions, As it appears more frequently in those who have relatives who present it.
- Cipriani, G., Danti, S., Carlesi, C., Cammisuli, DM, Di Fiorino, M. (2017). Bipolar Disorder and Cognitive Dysfunction: A Complex Link. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (Revue). 205 (10): 743-756.
- Newman, CF, Leahy, RL, Beck, AT and Reilly-Harrington, N. (2005). Bipolar disorder: an approach to cognitive therapy. Barcelona: Edicions Paidós Ibérica.