Blood phobia: everything you need to know about hematophobia

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blood phobia, Also known as hematophobia, is one of the more interesting phobias, perhaps for a fairly simple reason: many people don’t like to see blood and therefore may wonder if they have hematophobia. or not.

However, just because there aren’t too many fans of blood and injury doesn’t mean blood phobia is prevalent, let alone. The very definition of what is meant by phobia indicates that they only arise in cases where the levels of stress and discomfort associated with one type of stimulus adversely affect a person’s quality of life and prevent it. to carry out their daily activities naturally. that’s why
hematophobia has far more serious implications than just trying not to hurt yourself.

After all, blood phobia is a psychological disorder that sometimes causes psychological intervention. These types of phobias can become a problem, but in most cases the symptoms can be alleviated to a point where they hardly interfere with daily life. But to know by what mechanisms you can “Cure” phobia in the blood you first have to understand what it is and what psychological processes it is based on.

What is blood phobia?

Hematophobia is a fear of blood (and situations perceived to be directly or indirectly related to it) that prevents one from leading a normal life. Thus, the phobia has
blood may appear when accessing this substance, but also when seeing or imagining a vaccine or a wound in which a scab has formed, among many other situations. Ultimately, the symptoms of blood phobia relate to both the more basic and “raw” perceptions of blood and the somewhat more abstract ideas surrounding it.

But in addition to being associated with fear of one’s own blood or that of others, hematophobia is based on another aspect of panic:
fear of the very symptoms that these seizures generate. This is why blood phobia is partly based on the phenomenon of fear of fear, a characteristic that it shares with phenomena such as agoraphobia.

Therefore, the fear behind blood phobia has nothing to do with the physical pain itself, but with the idea of ​​spilling blood and slope-. This is a terror more irrational than practicalBecause what we run away from are not life threatening situations or someone else’s, but the signs of these potentially dangerous situations.

Symptoms of hematophobia

What makes blood phobia unique is that
the seizures it produces often result in fainting, Which does not happen in other types of phobias. Although fainting is linked to panic attacks, the truth is that it is not a typical symptom of most phobias, which is manifested by a sudden increase in blood pressure, the onset of extraordinarily high stress levels and the feeling of having to leave the premises. and move away from the stimulus that triggered the episode.

Blood phobia, however,
the phobic episode has two phases, instead of one. After heart rate and alertness, there is a sudden drop in blood pressure which sometimes causes iron to faint, which does not deliver enough oxygen to the brain. In this way, the second phase of hematophobia cancels the effects of the first and even lowers blood pressure.

Thus, the symptoms of blood phobia reflect the phasic functioning of this phenomenon. Typical symptoms of hematophobia include dizziness and fainting, panic attacks, nausea, and a feeling of deep disgust.

What are the causes of blood phobia?

The reasons why the phobia appears in the blood are not precisely known, Although it has been found that the offspring or not of a family in which a person suffers from hematophobia is a very powerful factor in estimating the chances of having such phobic episodes; part of the reason for the phobia of blood is genetics.

It is also considered that hematophobia can develop as a result of past experiences, i.e. learning and memories. It is not uncommon to consider that hematophobia can occur as a result of experiences, since this substance often appears on painful or unpleasant occasions. Thus, from a behavioral point of view, blood phobia can be caused by associating this stimulus with the pain generated by an accident, health treatments, etc.

Can Blood Phobia Help?

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it has been suggested that blood phobia could be based on a survival mechanism which can sometimes be useful. After all, the sudden drop in blood pressure means that in the event that this substance bursts from its own injuries, less amount is lost. However, this hypothesis based on the adaptive potential of the voltage drop remains a difficult speculation to verify.

However, it should be clarified that the main feature of blood phobia is that it is not at all useful, but on the contrary. Although evolution may have favored the spread of certain genes linked to hematophobia, the living conditions of modern humans are very different from those of hundreds of thousands of years ago. Today blood tests and vaccines are very important, and the fact that every day we interact with many people and expose ourselves to all kinds of activities (including seeing real or fictitious pictures in which blood appears) makes blood phobia a problem which, depending on its severity, can become very disabling.

Fight blood phobia

Can phobia be “cured” in the blood? There are multiple treatments and strategies for treating hematophobia, but none is based on reading texts; curbing blood phobia requires a live approach to the subject and the performance of certain exercises under the supervision and personalized treatment of an expert.

Among the most useful tools for eliminating hematophobia are those that are commonly used during cognitive behavioral therapies, which are based on the behavioral approach and focus on desensitization because we get used to the blood.

One of the most widely used techniques in this phobia and many other phobias is gradual exposure to the phobic stimulus., In this case, the blood. Over the course of several sessions, a person with a diagnosed phobia is gradually exposed to situations that cause anxiety, ranging from the mild ones to those that involve more direct and close contact with the blood.

Another useful tool is the learning of instructions which must be followed mentally sequentially and which have to do with the implementation of relaxation techniques and routines to address what produces fear.

It is worth looking for a solution

Feeling dizzy when having blood is relatively common, but it should not be synonymous with hematophobia. Blood phobia can be more or less severe and can present in a more or less severe and bothersome way, however
it always involves problems related to everyday life and not so much to one-off experiences.

Experiencing blood phobia means going through problems related to avoiding medical treatments and vaccines, refusing help to the injured, avoiding performing tasks in which there is minimal risk of causing harm. injuries (cooking, going on excursions, etc.) or, in the case of women, unable to consider giving birth. That is why it is worth going to certified specialists and receiving their personalized attention and a diagnosis that allows you to plan treatments.

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