Chronic fatigue: symptoms, causes and treatment

We’ve all felt tired, fatigued, or lacking in energy at some point. The causes can be varied, for example a busy day or a bad night. Generally, in these situations, it is sufficient to get a good sleep or to get back to the normal rhythm of work.

However, some people feel tired all day and most of the time, and are demotivated, exhausted, weak, have difficulty concentrating … When this sensation is constant and lasting over time, we speak of chronic fatigue..

In this article, we will delve into the most important aspects of this phenomenon and learn about its symptoms, causes and treatment.

What is chronic fatigue

Many people would like to stay in bed longer before going to work in the office, or enjoy a nap for their physical and psychological benefits. However, there are people who spend the whole day in “off” mode, tired, off-center, demotivated … When this feeling of fatigue does not disappear and manifests itself over a long period of total time, there may be a problem that feeds him (depression, burn-out, insomnia, etc.).

Chronic fatigue makes a person very tired throughout the day and has difficulty with their daily tasks. It is similar to spring asthenia, which it usually appears with a decrease or alteration of the immune system for different causesLike the allergies typical of this time of year. However, chronic fatigue can occur at different times of the year leading to physical and mental weakening of the subject.

In fact, chronic fatigue is considered to be a symptom of underlying problems, often due to physical as well as psychological illnesses.

What are your symptoms

This phenomenon is characterized by the presence of a wide variety of symptoms related to fatigue and lack of motivation. At a general level, we observe:

  • Feeling tired and constantly heavy
  • demotivation
  • Lack of focus and attention
  • Lack of energy
  • Weakened immune system and the onset of physical illnesses such as the common cold
  • Memory problems
  • irritability
  • hypotension
  • Slowness in performing tasks
  • Lack of sexual desire

The causes of this phenomenon

As I mentioned, chronic fatigue is generally considered to be a set of symptoms that have their origin in another type of problem which can be physical or psychological. Among them, the following stand out.


Chronic fatigue is common when a person suffers from depression or is going through a difficult time in their life. how a grieving process can be. In addition to the symptoms of sadness, in such situations a person feels tired, demotivated, and has difficulty concentrating and paying attention.


Burnout is called chronic stress and causes a person to feel exhausted. After having undergone a prolonged period of stress, the person depletes their resources and then a demotivation and extreme fatigue appear.

Lack of motivation

Depression or burnout can lead to lack of motivationBut demotivation can also occur because a person does not have realistic goals or does not see their future clearly, so they can enter into an existential crisis that ends up mentally exhausting them.


Sleep problems and poor sleeping habits cause a person to be tired all day. In these cases, it is possible to follow a series of tips like those in this article: “Fighting insomnia: 10 solutions for better sleep”.


Different physical illnesses can cause chronic fatigue, including diabetes, allergies, or a weakened immune system.

poor nutrition

Poor nutrition or nutritional disorders such as anemia can cause a person to feel tired for long periods. The relationship between psychology and nutrition is an increasingly accepted reality. While our emotional state affects the way we feed ourselves, the way we feed ourselves also affects how we feel.

  • In this regard, you might be interested in our article: “Psychology and Nutrition: The Importance of Emotional Eating”

neurological disorders

Certain neurological disorders or tumors can also be at the origin of the problem. In our article “The 15 Most Common Neurological Disorders”, we discuss the symptoms and consequences of the most common neurological disorders.

Medication use

Using certain medications as a side effect can cause symptoms of fatigue, For example, benzodiazepines or antipsychotics. It is therefore necessary to inform the doctor or psychiatrist if symptoms appear after the start of pharmacological treatment to allow replacement.


Because there are many causes that can cause chronic fatigue, this phenomenon requires different treatment routes. In most cases, people go to the general practitioner for a diagnosis, but the diagnosis should not focus only on physical illnesses (urine samples, blood tests) and treatment should not always be the right one. ‘administration of drugs, but psychological therapy and sometimes seeing a dietitian nutritionist can help treat chronic fatigue.

Logically, when the causes are of psychological origin, such as depression or stress, it is necessary to go to a professional psychologist so that he can treat the underlying problem. There are different types of psychotherapy that can be effective, for example, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), or acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT).

In cases where a poor diet or the individual is suffering from anemia, it is advisable to consult a dietitian nutritionist to resolve the problem.

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