Clinomania (or clinophilia): what it is, symptoms, causes and treatment

Clinomania or clinophilia is the obsession or the extreme need to stay in bed for several hours a day. without any organic disease justifying it.

Next, we’ll take a look at what this crippling anxiety disorder is all about.

How to know if you have clinomania

Just because we want to stay in bed or be lazy to get up does not automatically mean that we have a disorder like clinomania. It is relatively normal, especially in societies like ours with such a hectic pace of life, that we are often tired and want to fall asleep for hours.

The problem arises when the desire to lie down in bed becomes an obsession which ends up affecting our professional, social or family life. This is where you need to be concerned – and increase the need to see a mental health professional.

symptoms

A good way to know if we can suffer from this pathology is to be aware of the signs that we have presented during the day, in our free time, with family, etc.

The most common symptoms in a person with clinomania are the following:

  • Our hobbies and free time are limited to staying in bed all the time. We haven’t gone out with our friends and we have no plans. We spent the whole day in bed without getting up except to go to the bathroom.

  • We start to have sudden mood swings. We feel sad or depressed when a family member visits us or on a sunny day; and vice versa, we are happy when we have an excuse to stay home and lie in bed, such as when it snows or the car breaks down.

  • We became obsessed with everything about our bed: pillows, sheets, pillows, bedspreads, etc. And we can’t get the urge to lie in it out of our heads.

  • Every time you try to get out of bed there is a kind of force of gravity pulling on you and not letting you down. It looks like your will is overruled.

  • Sleeping in bed offers you great comfort. This is because your brain has generated a reward pattern which means that every time you go to bed you secrete dopamine and other substances that give you intense pleasure.

psychological symptoms

In addition to paying attention to the signs, it is advisable to observe yourself and detect any abnormal symptoms.

Here are some of the most common psychological symptoms when you have clinomania:

  • Sadness and De-motivation: As we have seen, the most common characteristic of clinomania is an obsession or exaggerated desire to stay in bed. In addition, the person begins to see the outside world in a hostile way or in a lack of stimuli, so he finds no motivation to relate to his environment.

  • To feel guilty: Constantly staying in bed instead of fulfilling the obligations of daily life can make the patient feel guilty. This, added to the sadness and demotivation, further strengthens the depressed mood.

  • social isolation: The real indicator that we are dealing with a case of clinomania is that the subject begins to see his life deteriorate because of the excessive time spent in bed. In this sense, the areas most affected are generally social relations and work.

  • Misunderstanding and loneliness: Because this disorder is sometimes not well understood socially, patients may feel lonely or misunderstood and may lose friends and family.

treatment

Like any other anxiety disorder, clinomania usually requires psychotherapy to relieve symptoms, usually cognitive-behavioral. In the most severe cases, pharmacological intervention with anti-anxiety or antidepressant drugs may be necessary.

The main goal of treatment is to ensure that patients with clinomania can regain control of their lives; that is, they are able to work, have relationships with their friends and family, etc. In short, lead a structured life with autonomy.

It is essential for these people to make lifestyle changes as it makes it easier for them to reduce their obsession with staying in bed. Encouraging them to exercise and other outdoor activities is one way to help them change their behavior and minimize obsessive symptoms.

associated disorders

Although clinomania is itself considered an anxiety disorder, their symptoms may be present in other mental illnesses like depression or schizophrenia.

The tendency to lie down indefinitely usually occupies the terminal period of some untreated depressive patients. Clinomania is presented as another maladaptive symptom, along with other symptoms characteristic of depression, such as irritability, persistent sadness, anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure), or frequent crying.

Another mental illness in which clinomania can appear as a symptom is schizophrenia. In some subtypes of schizophrenia, catatonic, it is common for the patient to experience periods of immobility or catalepsy, with consequent stiffness in the body. This sometimes causes them to lie in their bed or on the sofa for countless hours.

Clinomania and dysania: differences

We have already talked about clinomania, which involves obsession and an extreme need to stay in bed. But, Is there another similar disorder?

Dysania is a psychological disorder that makes people feel confused when they wake up., Showing signs of irritability and anger at having to stand up.

Indeed, their body asks them to sleep more and to prolong the time of rest on the bed, knowing at the same time that the time has come to get up and go.

This fact causes them an even greater frustration, which increases because, according to the experts, this lack of rest is associated with a demotivation (for professional, family, personal reasons, etc.) which makes it even more difficult to detach the sheets.

According to experts, dysania is a growing disorder due to the change in the sleeping patterns we have: every time we go to bed later and usually do so after being exposed to all kinds of digital screens such as smartphones and tablets, which makes it even more difficult. fall asleep.

Although dysania is not considered a disease in itself, as is clinomania (which is treated as an anxiety disorder), it is important to do this as early as possible, so that it does not go away. not lengthen over time: For example, getting enough hours of sleep for the body to rest when the alarm goes off.

Bibliographical references:

  • Blatner Adam (1997). “The implications of postmodernism for psychotherapy”. Individual psychology.

  • Compas, Bruce and Gotlib, Ian. (2002). Introduction to clinical psychology. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

  • Evans, Rand. (1999). Clinical psychology born and raised in controversy. APA Monitor, 30 (11).

  • Groth-Marnat, G. (2003). Manual of psychological assessment, 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

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