Consequences of traumatic experiences (and coping mechanisms)

A traumatic event could be considered to be generated after ad hoc adverse situations, such as a car accident, natural disasters, the death or illness of a loved one; or by going through intense and prolonged experiences, such as a period of abuse, interpersonal violence, harassment, etc.

These painful experiences are much more likely to leave a negative and lasting emotional wound if the person was unprepared for this experience at the time of the incident, has been seen in a situation of vulnerability and vulnerability, has exercised a lot of violence against it, or could not be adequately defended, then be able to generate emotional blockages without managing this situation or this discomfort in the right way.

    The peculiarities of the trauma

    As we move forward, being exposed to one or more traumatic events without being able to properly deal with these situations and sensations could trigger inappropriate emotions or symptoms or affective disturbances, affecting the well-being and quality of life of the patient. ‘one person.

    In addition, in this situation, they are likely to be generated false beliefs and negative feelings about yourself (insecurity, guilt or shame) or on the environment around us, developing difficulties of adaptation and healthy connection with others.

    There are certain aspects that can be risk factors or protection facing trauma, such as:

    • Safe, healthy and protective environment.
    • Stressors at the time of the traumatic event.
    • Effective coping mechanisms.
    • Nature of the traumatic event.
    • Repetition of the traumatic experience.
    • Invalidation or blocking of emotions at the time of impact.

    It was then that faced with such difficult situations, emotions can be inhibited or suppressed, which means that an emotional imprint can be generated on the subconscious that can affect it throughout life.

      Symptoms of trauma

      Many people experience physical, emotional and cognitive reactions at the time of the traumatic event. Corn if this memory or discomfort is inhibited or blocked, this symptomatology will develop over time leading to negative consequences, such as:

      • Intrusive or disturbing thoughts and visions of the event.
      • Block certain memories.
      • Mood changes and irritability.
      • Isolation or avoidance of places linked to the event.
      • Insomnia, change in diet and sleep.

      • Exhaustion, extreme fatigue.
      • Nervousness, hypervigilance.
      • Somatizations: headaches and / or intestines.
      • Sexual dysfunction.
      • Fear and panic attacks.
      • Anxiety

      • Depression.

      • Feeling guilty and ashamed.

        Guidelines for dealing with trauma

        The emotional injury or symptomatology that triggers the traumatic experience can accompany us for a long time, hampering our daily life if it is not identified in time and if it is not taken. steps to learn how to treat and manage it properly.

        The ideal is therefore to take into account these adaptation rules:

        • Know that the injury exists.
        • Accept and validate emotions even if they are painful.
        • Generate self-care, self-confidence and self-understanding.
        • Identify possible barriers and acquired defense mechanisms in order to properly treat the pain experience.
        • Identify the discomfort and where it is coming from, so you can express it and pair without fear.
        • Develop new adaptation resources.
        • Promote resilience.

        If you still feel that the hurt or emotional discomfort is still latent and that it is difficult for you to understand and deal with your emotions normally, it is recommended to consult a trauma professional.

        TAP Center for Advanced Psychological Treatment

        Center for psychology, psychiatry, sexology, educational psychology, training and study support

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        Madrid

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        In psychotherapy, they will know how to take care of and treat any somatization or traumatic symptom, whether in childhood, adolescence or adulthood, so that you can develop emotionally, emotionally and psychologically in a healthy and effective way.

        Author: Marta Ballesteros Durán, health psychologist at the TAP Center

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