More and more voices are alerting an increase in mental disorders due to containment of coronaviruses.
Psychologists and health experts warn of the negative effects on the mental health of the most vulnerable people who are at risk groups, such as the chronically ill and those with previous psychiatric disorders.
How does detention influence groups at risk?
People with previous psychiatric disorders are a significant risk groupAs we know that the longer the time spent in quarantine or in confinement, the greater the probability of aggravation of the pathology. Psychological distress is common during and after the childbirth period. In people who already suffer from anxiety, the feeling of helplessness and lack of control induced by confinement only exacerbates the mental pathology.
Work in the health sector and have financial problems they are also factors that predispose to a deterioration of mental health in an extraordinary context like the one in which we live. “People diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder and those who suffer from specific hygiene and cleanliness phobias are particularly vulnerable in this type of situation, and more and more people are seeking help to cope. the anxiety of isolation, ”says de Psonríe, one of the largest Spanish-speaking online psychology apps that has seen demand for psychological help increase 200% in the past two weeks.
Stressors or factors that worsen mental health
Several surveys have shown that there are certain factors associated with poor mental health in a quarantine and confinement context by epidemic, and that they can be responsible for the aggravation of certain mental pathologies.
1. Duration of quarantine
Studies indicate that a longer quarantine is linked to deteriorating mental health, particularly symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, avoidance behaviors and temper tantrums.
2. Fear of infection
People in quarantine tend to report fears about their own health or infect others. Those most affected tend to have obsessive thoughts and worrying about whether they are experiencing any physical symptoms potentially related to the infection. This happens more in pregnant women and people with children.
3. Frustration and boredom
Containment, loss of usual routines and reduction of social and physical contact it generates boredom, frustration and a feeling of isolation. People who have more difficulty dealing with these emotions are harmed more.
4. Inadequate information
Consuming shit or biased information it is a stressful factor and generates confusion. The lack of clarity on the level of risk leads people to fear the worst and is a significant predictor of symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.
People with severe mental disorders: the big ones forgotten by this crisis
If there is one group that is particularly vulnerable to this exceptional situation of confinement and about which we speak very little, it is people with severe mental disorders and chronic pathologies, Who saw how the health resources that protected them in their daily life were reduced to a minimum.
People with schizophrenia, psychosis, personality disorders and other psychiatric disorders are now largely forgotten by this pandemic.
While it might be thought that people with schizophrenia and other psychoses often spend time at home and that confinement can be made more bearable, this is not the case, and there is already some evidence to support it. that a worsening of pathologies due to lack of follow-up, reduction in compliance with treatment, regrowth of the disease, etc. In short, a significant deterioration in the quality of life of all these people.
And now what? The post-coronavirus landscape
The evidence we have from previous epidemic processes leads us to believe that this crisis will be no different and will also produce a significant psychological impact in the population.
The increase in anxiety, stress, depressive disorders and the worsening of previous psychiatric pathologies will be part of the post-coronavirus health landscape.
To reduce the psychological impact and address the mental health issues generated by detention, there is a growing demand for online psychology services which, like Psonríe, allow you to speak to a psychologist instantly, 24 hours a day. Completely anonymous. .
these online counseling sessions they are essential for all people who have seen how their mental health has suffered from confinement and who wish to regain vitality and well-being in their everyday life.