The seat of emotions is in the brain, And not in the heart, as they proclaim a part of literature and art in general. Specifically, in a series of neural circuits, mostly buried deep in the brain, commonly known as the limbic or paleomammal system.
In fact, all the psychological pathologies known to man are characterized by an emotional deficit or excess. In other words, mental illness can be defined primarily as affective states which for some reason fall outside their normal range.
In turn, this emotional deficit or excess is caused by various chemical imbalances and dysfunctions in regions of the limbic system and other adjacent areas involved in monitoring and regulating mood. Then we will look at the symptoms associated with depression and anxiety, Two of the emotional states most associated with disorders.
Symptoms of emotional disorder in depression
Depression is characterized by the exacerbation of certain emotions which in their right degree are beneficial to the person, such as sadness, guilt and shame. Who suffers from this problem, enters a state of deep sadness that causes them to cry or feel anxious most of the day. As a corollary, he begins to blame himself for what is happening to him and he feels anxious about worrying his friends and relatives.
Convinced that this has become a heavy burden on his family, the feeling of embarrassment soars and many times the depressed patient begins to think that the best thing that can happen to him is to die, because the disease prevents him from seeing. more or less promising horizon.
Of course, none of this is generally true. What is happening is that the disorder of these emotions, which deviate from their normal course, they end up obscuring the patient’s normal reasoning process, Altering his belief system, completely staining his perception, leading him to think that he is a useless, reprehensible being, unable to use his own means, and that therefore we can expect him to end up in total ruin. Social and economic, abandoned by all those he loves, and given over to his inexorable and disastrous fate.
Symptoms of anxiety
Another psychiatric picture marked by uncontrolled emotions is what is called generalized anxiety disorder. In this case, the predominant feeling is worry derived from fear and the false certainty that something irreparable is about to happen.
As indicated by his name, the person with generalized anxiety worries about everything and what is worse, all the time; from waking up to bedtime, he can’t help but think about family, health, home economics, work and a myriad of everyday problems, like for example, that the weekend has to go to the supermarket for your weekly errands, the possibility (without any proof) that your partner is unfaithful to you, or what the neighbor who lives in the gang may have thought, which he negligently forgot to greet last week when he was met at the mall.
The constant and pervasive concern leads the person to a state of continuous alertness, and it is easy to identify a person with this condition: they are individuals who have become impatient, suspicious, complaining, accelerated, And who live permanently on the defensive, because they believe that they must always be vigilant to prevent and avoid the impending misfortunes that they believe life awaits them.
Since they can never relax, they don’t enjoy anything either. Even activities that should be enjoyable like going to the movies, dining out, or a close cousin’s birthday party become a nuisance, a source of stress rather than satisfaction.
Until the anxious person understands that most of their fears are unfounded, the image tends to be chronic and often goes into what I call the “burnout phase”., Which is nothing more than a state of depression, a consequence of the frustration felt at the inability to control everything, and the physical and mental fatigue that leads to the constant surveillance of the many but improbable stems, risks and dangers that the world has to offer.
Expand the repertoire of emotions
however, What can we do to get rid of certain illnesses such as depression and pathological anxiety? Well, a natural way to deal with the problem is to try and minimize the focus of stress and maximize the range of pleasant emotions that we can feel.
The effort of psychologists and psychiatrists in these cases is aimed at restoring the normal emotional functioning of the patient punished by the disease. In this way, it helps you to productively deal with your negative emotions, And to identify your positive emotions, to be able to value them and make the most of them.
As soon as this is achieved, the way the individual views the world begins to improve. The environment is no longer a cold and threatening place; his reality changes, he becomes more affable. The combination of the two strategies forms the best recipe for getting rid of illness and moving towards personal well-being and happiness.