Depression in adults: what it is and how it is treated in psychotherapy

Depression is a mood disorder that manifests itself differently depending on the age of the person, as it affects many of our habits and characteristics. In this article, we’ll take a look at what depression looks like in adults and how it can be treated with professional help.

And precisely because this psychological disorder expresses itself through our ability to enjoy life, its symptoms manifest themselves differently depending on the age of the person, as it conditions many of our habits and characteristics. In this article we will see what depression looks like in adults and how it can be treated with the help of professionals.

    What Does Depression Look Like In Adults?

    Depression in adults is a relatively common mood disorder, and in fact it is estimated to affect around 200 million people worldwide.

    The symptoms, among many others, which characterize it are essentially abulia (extreme demotivation and lack of energy to do most of the daily activities necessary to live well, such as cooking, showering, going to work, etc. ), anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure) and an intense feeling of sadness, melancholy or hopelessness.

    Outraged, the adult population is more flexible in finding strategies to communicate their feelingsThus, age also brings diversity in the way in which the problem is verbalized and explained to friends, family and mental health professionals.

    Help from psychologists: treatment of depression in adults

    These are some of the main strategies used by psychologists to perform psychotherapy for depression in adults.

    1. Act on ideas and patterns of behavior

    Psychological centers with a more effective proposal in the face of depression in adults, use tools that allow them to intervene both in the way in which the patient perceives and interprets reality, and in the set of actions that he usually uses. to interact with the environment and with others.

    For example, the Psicomaster psychology center, located in the center of Madrid, uses various types of related therapies that do this: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and EMDR.

    The first is one of the most used forms of psychotherapy to intervene in many mental disorders, and focuses on a dual path of improvement: help the person learn healthier and more useful behaviors not to reinforce the presence of mental disorders by interacting with what surrounds us, and to modify the ideas and the beliefs strongly anchored in the patient and which prevent him from perceiving reality in a constructive and emotionally balanced way.

    For its part, when Psicomaster uses acceptance and commitment therapy, the goal is also to influence actions, thoughts and beliefs, but adapt the treatment to the context in which each patient lives and helping her to come to terms with imperfections in many aspects of life and what it means to exist in them, so that she helps to change what can be resolved and learns to embrace imperfections that cannot be changed or that do not depend not from us.

    In this way, we learn ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that cause symptoms of depression to recur over and over again in adults, and we learn other habits that allow us to live better.

      2. Patient determination

      It is very important for the adult patient to get out of the dynamic of passivity and sedentary lifestyle in which he has settled because of the depression. Therefore, it is often used a set of strategies called behavioral activation, Which aims to create the situations and contexts necessary for the patient to engage in stimulating activities and with the ability to involve the whole body.

      The idea is not to have blind faith in the person’s will and hope that the motivation serves to mobilize and engage in hobbies, but to do something to make the patient more exposed to stimulating situations with the ability to generate interest and make him addicted. “On a task or a set of tasks: going to the park to play sports, take care of a garden, walk in unknown areas of the city, etc.

      3. Work as a family and in close collaboration

      Another course of action that is undertaken in specialist centers such as Psicomaster has to do with networking with the patient’s family and immediate environment. As much as the person affected by depression in adults has already left childhood, the role of those close to them remains very relevant, among other things because the disorder itself makes them lose their autonomy.

      The fact that psychologists coordinate with the families of patients helps those suffering from depression in the first person to continue to benefit from support and an action guide once they have left the consultation, between a consultation. psychotherapy session and a psychiatry session.

      Thus, specialists inform families on how to live with an adult suffering from depression., How to manage the presence of pathology in conversations, what types of actions to follow to encourage the person to continue moving and to get involved in relationships with others, etc.

      4. Intervention on centers of anxiety

      It is very common that depression in adults does not appear in isolation, but occurs at the same time as other harmful psychological disorders. Anxiety disorders and experiencing psychological trauma are some of the most common psychological phenomena that overlap with extremely low moods, and often the cause of depression is linked to these other problems.

      That is why, in well-equipped psychology centers like Psicomaster, there are professionals who are experts in the treatment of all these types of overlapping disorders. For example, if depression is related to psychological trauma, EMDR therapy can be used or systematic desensitization to remove the source of discomfort for which the trauma is manifesting, by intervening in the depression itself.

      conclusion

      Depression in adults is a mood disorder that is complex in the way it is expressed in patients, and because of its potential to erode people’s quality of life or even encourage suicidal ideation, it deserves to be addressed by professionals.

      As much as we have learned to assume that adulthood is full of hard times and sacrifice, depression is a very serious condition that cannot be normalized. The sooner you act on the detection of the first symptoms, the better.

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