Differences between pedophilia and pedophilia

Sexual abuse of children is a serious crime which has serious effects on the psychological development of minors. Most people use the terms “pedophile” and “pedophile” indiscriminately to refer to those who commit such acts, seeing them as synonyms.

However, although deeply related, the two concepts do not refer to exactly the same thing. This is why in this article it is proposed to distinguish and show the differences between pedophilia and pedophilia.

Definition of pedophilia

Pedophilia or pedophilia is a paraphilia, that is to say a disorder of sexual inclination which is characterized by the presence of recurring fantasies and producing a high level of sexual arousal in which the object of desire is an object , people we do not consent to or a situation of humiliation and suffering of our own and others. The experimentation of these fantasies can lead to their fulfillment and / or feelings of intense discomfort for those who suffer from it.

In the specific case of pedophilia, the object of desire or what causes sexual attraction are prepubescent boys or girls. More precisely, it can be considered a chronophilia, since there is a big difference between the age of the subject and that of the object of desire. To be diagnosed, the subject must be over sixteen years of age and the victim or object of desire must be at least five years younger.

As a rule, the pedophile will seek contact with his object of desire, often resorting to pornographic images and self-stimulation according to his fantasies, but you shouldn’t try to have sex.

What is pedophilia called?

As for pedophiles, they are considered as such the individuals in whom the pedophile’s own fantasies have been realized. In other words, pedophilia is the committing minor sexual abuses.

This abuse includes any behavior in which the child is used as a sexual object by an individual with whom there is an unequal relationship in terms of age, power or maturity.

It’s a criminal practice punishable by law which can have serious repercussions on the present and / or future psychosocial and sexual development of the attacked child. Even if sexual intercourse is consented by the minor, if the minor has not reached the age of sexual consent, the act itself will be considered abuse, classifying it as rape. Consensual sex between subjects in late adolescence with individuals thirteen years of age or older is not considered such.

    Common elements and main differences

    After seeing the definitions of pedophilia and pedophilia, it is easy to establish what elements they have in common and how they differ.

    In both cases, we are talking about the presence of an illicit bond between an adult and a minor, with a romantic or sexual attraction from the first to the second. This attraction occurs continuously over time, persisting for at least six months.

    The main difference is that whether or not sexual attraction materializes in an action. While a pedophile can only feel envy and entertain recurring sexual-type fantasies in which his object of desire is minor, a pedophile is considered to be one who has committed the sexual act himself. In other words, while the pedophile has had sex with a child, the pedophile fails to perform the act (in which case he would become a pedophile).

    therefore not all pedophiles are pedophiles, While as a rule, every pedophile is a pedophile. However, this is not always true, because it is possible to find cases of sexual abuse of minors without them being the object of sexual preferences on the part of the adult.

    criminal accountability

    Pedophilia is a disorder of sexual inclination or choice of sexual object, this choice of sexual object being limited. However, as a rule, the one who suffers from it is perfectly able to achieve what this means for the minors involved, The damage caused and the fact that it is a serious crime classified by law. Their decision-making capacity is not impaired, so they are fully responsible for their actions.

    In this way, pedophilia and the various activities carried out by pedophiles (corruption of minors, creation, possession or possession of child pornography, etc.) are punished by law, being considered as fully attributable to most of these people.

      Bibliographical references:

      • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fifth edition. DSM-V. Masson, Barcelona.
      • Echeburúa, E. and Guerricaechevarría, C. (2005). Child sexual abuse: victims and perpetrators. A clinical approach. 2nd edition. Ariel, Barcelona.

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