Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that affects the learning to read and write and which currently affects between 10 and 15% of minors in the world. The main characteristic of this that appears in children who do not present any other physical, psychological or socio-cultural alteration that explains it.
Due to this high incidence, early detection of dyslexia by symptom analysis it is essential to prevent the child from suffering any kind of consequences both academically and socially.
The importance of early detection of dyslexia
As discussed above, detecting this disorder as early as possible is essential to facilitate children’s learning and adapt teaching methods.
In this way, we can avoid the frustration that can cause the child to not achieve the goals set at school, as well as the lack of motivation and the emotional consequences that usually cause undiagnosed dyslexia.
If appropriate dyslexia is not detected, the child and those around him they may come to think that this one is less intelligent than the rest of their peersWhile in fact the usual thing is that they have an IQ between normal and high. However, this comparison can hurt a child’s self-esteem.
First symptoms of dyslexia
Usually the first symptoms of dyslexia they tend to appear around the age of four or eight, The most common problem is with vocalization of unfamiliar words, altered order of letters in writing, or lack of attention and concentration.
Due to their difficulties, minors suffer from dyslexia they tend to take no interest in school tasks or activities, Even refusing to do them or going to school.
Although dyslexia can present in different ways in each of the children who have it, there are a number of common indicators that can help us identify it. As noted above, it is essential that parents and teachers are able to identify these early signs or manifestations. be able to intervene in a preventive manner.
Some of the early symptoms of dyslexia that can lead us to assume that a child may develop dyslexia are as follows.
1. Slow speech acquisition
Children with possible dyslexia have difficulty developing spoken language. They take longer to learn to speak, to say cowardly words, and to make sentences. Outraged, they have little verbal fluency and in many cases, they tend to have difficulty understanding others.
2. Reading and writing problems
As in the speech, these little ones also present difficulty learning to read and write.
3. They confuse the words
In oral and written language, dyslexic children they may show confusion or errors in words with a phonetic similarity. For example, they can confuse boot and drop.
Likewise, they can remove the phonemes of certain words, confuse them or change the order of the syllables according to the sound.
4. Lack of vocabulary
Hi a clear poverty in the vocabulary of these children. This symptom is due to the difficulties they have in learning new words, many of which are obtained by reading.
5. Mirror writing
Mirroring is another very common early sign of dyslexia. It means children who learn to write they can write letters backwards, As if seen in a mirror.
6. Concentration problems
Due to the difficulties presented by other domains, children with dyslexia tend to be distracted; having problems or impairments in attention and concentration.
7. Consequences on school results
All of the above difficulties they end up being reflected in the minor’s academic results. However, the academic level can exhibit great variability in a short period of time.
That is, the child can go through a season in which he has no difficulty in school, followed by another in which lack of attention and problems with tasks and d activities occur almost daily.
8. Working memory problems
A curious early symptom of dyslexia which helps in its early detection but which occurs in many cases, but not all, is that the boy or the girl is manifesting itself. difficulties or problems with working memory. In other words, they tend to forget a lot of things that have been explained to them, in a very short time.
Possible treatments and interventions
Once the first symptoms of dyslexia are known, their detection is essential to understand the child who suffers from it and to be able to intervene in a preventive manner. In this way, the difficulties will be compensated and their personal, social and academic growth will be facilitated.
First of all, it is important to know that due to the great variability in symptoms associated with this disorder there is no valid standard treatment for all cases of dyslexia. It will therefore be necessary to adapt the interventions to the needs and requests of the minor.
Therapeutic intervention, collaboration of teachersThe use of new technologies, understanding and education at home are some of the resources that can make a child with dyslexia achieve the same results and feel as integrated as any other partner.