Emotional trauma: what is it and what psychological problems does it cause?

When we talk about emotional traumaThe image that can come to mind is usually something catastrophic. However, the trauma is much more than that, because we are exposed to micro-trauma from birth.

    What is an emotional trauma?

    Our body considers a traumatic situation on an emotional level any event for which we are not prepared and which creates a heavy burden of emotional pain within us.

    Since we don’t have the tools for our system to store it in memory in a healthy and adaptive way, what our brain does with this painful information is encapsulate it so that it can continue to function in the healthiest way. possible. nobody. But it is precisely the fact of blocking it that makes it a trauma.

      Its psychological consequences

      Unresolved emotional traumas they may be associated with the development of mental disorders that lead the person to organize their own perception of the reality and the lifestyle surrounding this problem.

      Among the usual consequences that begin to affect our lives, we find the following.

      1. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

      Known as trauma pathology, it occurs in situations where the situation is relived in the form of intrusive memories in the memories. When the associated emotional impact is very high, the person can end up “disconnecting” this information from their head, leading to dissociative disorders, which somehow become. the person’s only resource to be able to continue living with this trauma.

      2. Anxiety and panic attacks

      Associated with the emotion of fear, it places us at a constant point of activation when various emotional memories connect to certain aspects of our lives.

      3. Depression

      If after the trauma the person begins to feel feelings of guilt, helplessness and disappointment, A depressive state may develop.

        How to overcome it?

        The treatment of emotional trauma is necessary because it is the only way in which information, stored pathologically, can be reconfigured by modifying the psychological impact it causes.

        To carry out this reprocessing of information, there are several cutting-edge techniques, which establishing new ‘corrective’ emotional memories compared to this painful information. In this new treatment of painful information is the stage in which the change is made between “living by accepting the past” and “fighting with the past in order to be able to live”.

        What if the trauma occurs in childhood?

        Since childhood is when our “I” begins to build, and our brain grows by 80% in the first two years of life, a child’s parents may not be able to recognize their basic emotional needs he can develop a condition problem that leads to adulthood and maintains it into adulthood. This is why secure affection in childhood is considered a protective factor for mental health in adulthood.

        Repairing trauma often leads us to work on certain aspects of childhood that may be forgotten or even those that we have not paid attention to in years, but which nevertheless served to organize our system in some way around this information.

        Paradoxically, it is sometimes thought that a trauma such as an accident, an earthquake or a flood, is difficult to overcome. But contrary to this belief, psychologists know that the traumas we call complex these are the ones that come from breaks in the inclination, With such a simple basis of trusting each other, which in childhood translates into this ability of the caregiver to look at us, take care of us, give us security and, above all, give us love.

        Author: Ana Carcedo Bao, psychologist

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