There are a number of psychological therapies that aim to improve the physical condition of patients with diseases such as cancer or coronary heart disease, preventing their relapses or slowing the progression of the disease.
This is the case with Grossarth-Maticek Creative Innovation Therapy, A therapy that aims to reduce deaths from cancer, coronary heart disease or stroke and increase the life expectancy of these people.
Grossarth-Maticek creative innovation therapy: features
Grossarth-Maticek’s (1984) Creative Innovation Therapy was modified in 1991 by Eysenck; it is also called autonomous training. It is a behavioral therapy that aims to reduce deaths from cancer (mainly), coronary heart disease or stroke, In addition to increasing the life expectancy of these people.
In other words, it is a therapy intended for people with type 1 (cancer) and type 2 (coronary heart disease and stroke) stress reaction (these types were defined by Eysenck and Grossarth-Maticek).
Thus, this therapy is used in particular in cancer, and aims modify the immune response of the oncological patient by psychological means.
The therapy offers the development of new patterns of behavior by the patient, such as self-observation and experimentation with the consequences of his actions. These new models will replace the attitudes Eysenck and Grossarth-Maticek associate with the onset and progression of cancer. The ultimate goal will be that people seek long-term positive results in their behaviors.
Grossarth-Maticek’s Creative Innovation Therapy is designed to “hysterize” the patient, who is empowered to openly express their needs. These needs were previously inhibited. On the other hand, it is also formed be actively involved in more satisfying social interactions.
In addition, Grossarth-Maticek’s Creative Innovation Therapy assumes that patterns of unwanted behavior are guided by cognitive-emotional patterns (formed by values and beliefs) that can be changed.
The therapeutic process of Grossarth-Maticek Creative Innovation Therapy proceeds as follows, following a series of steps or guidelines:
1. Prior analysis
By means of a preliminary and careful analysis, one proceeds to identify conflicting patient needs (Attraction-avoidance conflicts or double ties). In the next therapeutic step, alternative interpretive behaviors and cognitive models will be defined with the patient.
In other words, it is not so much a question of “dismantling” the structure of the patient’s emotional needs, but rather of provide solutions by changing current cognitive programs for new ones.
2. Relaxation and suggestion
Through relaxation and suggestion, new or alternative cognitive interpretations are enhanced.
3. Behavior changes
Finally, the third and final step or directive includes build with the patient a concrete behavioral change program and well defined.
The results obtained in several studies (conducted by Simonton and the Grossarth-Maticek group) through Grossarth-Maticek Creative Innovation Therapy, launch increased survival rates of patients with terminal cancer, Regarding control groups or official statistics.
Thus, the results for preventing these diseases and increasing life expectancy have been positive; In addition, according to the authors, it would not only reduce the incidence and increase life expectancy, but also decrease the time spent in hospital and would act in synergy with the effects of chemotherapy.
Compared to the level of evidence for therapy, this is average.
However, interpretation of these results should be taken with caution, due to the methodological limitations of the studies.
Additionally, while Grossarth-Maticek’s Creative Innovation Therapy provides greater patient survival, it is not known which elements of the therapeutic package are really relevant, Nor by what psychological variables exert its effect. On the other hand, we also find that the results have not been replicated.
- Amic, I. (2012). Manual of Health Psychology. Madrid: Pyramid.
- Barreto, MP, Ferrero, J. and Toledo, M. (1993). Psychological intervention in cancer patients. Clinic and Health, 4 (3), Official College of Psychologists of Madrid.
- Pérez, M .; Fernandez, JR; Fernández, C. and Amic, I. (2010). Guide to Effective Psychological Treatments II: Health Psychology. Madrid: Pyramid.