We live in a society where it is difficult to stop for a single second. Every day we have to deal with meetings at work, taking the kids to school, cleaning up before a visit arrives … situations that require us to be quick and to stay active.
In addition to all this, and especially in the field of study and office work, we must use devices such as computers or mobile phones to keep us informed and to be able to carry out our tasks. Lights, along with other stressors, are elements that contribute to the ability of our organs of vision to develop disease and infection.
In this article we will see how stress affects the eyes, Certain associated disorders and advice on how to prevent them from occurring.
How does stress affect the eyes?
The eyes are very sensitive organs. They require constant hydration and strong lights can damage them. In addition, particles such as sand or dust are easily irritated and cause discomfort.
Daily problems cause eye development a physiological response the intention is to warn us that something is wrong. If we ignore this call for attention, problems can become chronic.
Let’s take a look at some of the eye problems associated with high stress levels that often cause discomfort.
Eye problems in the face of stress
Here are some of the visual problems caused by high stress levels.
1. Tremors in the eyes
Also called tics or, in the more professional field, myochemistry. These tics usually affect the lower eyelid and sometimes the upper eyelid.
These are involuntary movements of the muscle fibers around the eyes, Specifically the Müller muscle, which is responsible for lifting the eyelid.
Normally, these movements can be controlled, but in stressful situations, they occur spontaneously. Tic episodes can vary in duration, ranging from a few days to several weeks.
The causes of myochemistry can have a chemical origin, such as the consumption of stimulants like caffeine or the abuse of tobacco and alcohol. A disorganized life can also lead to tremors in the eyes, such as irregular dream rhythms.
2. Eye inflammation
This is another of the most common consequences of stress. One of the causes of this type of problem is central serous maculopathy or choroidopathy, Which consists of inflammation of the central part of the retina.
Eye inflammation can occur hormonal and biochemical imbalances, Causing inflammation and loss of impermeability of the vessels which irrigate the eyes. The fluid occupies the space between the retina and the choroid. It affects the macula, which is a part of the retina that allows you to see clearly. As a result, a kind of stain is visible in the center which makes it difficult to discern the small details.
These types of inflammation can lead to vision loss in more severe cases, although as a rule, they only produce blurry vision and difficulty reading, And are resolved after a while.
3. Visual fatigue
It is also called asthenopia, it is the fatigue that our eyes suffer from the stresses of everyday life. It can be caused by spending many hours in front of devices with screens and lead to ailments such as headaches, blurry or double vision, and difficulty reading.
Due to this visual fatigue, one of the most common problems associated with stress among secretaries, office workers, researchers and writers, among other professions who devote a large part of their work to using computers.
Eyesight should not be confused with tired eyesight, Which is an age-associated deterioration in visual acuity.
4. Inflammation of the eyelids
Also called blepharitis. It is usually caused by the dryness of the environment, which usually occurs when subjected to air conditioning for long periods of time or in front of screens.
This kind of problem it involves itching, a feeling of sand in the eyes, irritation, redness and cremation.
5. Stress amaurosis
It’s a sudden loss of vision. It usually occurs in people who already had a family history of this condition, but there are also cases where it appears due to a prolonged period when you have been under a lot of stress.
Tips for treating and preventing problems
As we have seen, stress can have serious consequences on our eye health. It is for this reason that we will see some here tips to avoid developing these problems or to treat them in case they do occur.
1. Relaxation and rest techniques
Stress is the result of a life that demands a hectic pace of us. A good way to reduce the problems involved is to use relaxation techniques.
Yoga, meditation, mindfulness, or something as simple as deep breathing can be some of the methods that help prevent health problems in the eyes and the rest of the body.
It is also important to find a time to rest your eyes.. Turn off the computer and close your eyes for about five minutes, let them rest. This way, they will be adequately hydrated and will not be under so much pressure.
2. Wear glasses or contact lenses
In the event of a chronic eye problem, such as astigmatism or myopia, it is strongly contraindicated not to wear glasses and contact lenses.
If we see poorly, we will force the sight, which will involve generating stress in the eyes., In addition to being able to produce dizziness and sensitivity to light. Glasses were invented so that we could see well, let’s use them, that’s why they are.
When it comes to contact lenses, you have to be careful. We have to make sure this is the best method we can have as some people have very sensitive eyes to contact lenses which causes irritation and discomfort.
3. Change habits
Our body is a temple and it is for this reason that we must take care of it. Good nutrition, frequent sports and maintaining a positive attitude coping with life are aspects that help to achieve optimal health.
Another healthy habit is to avoid using devices with screens, such as television, computer, or cell phone, especially at night. The lights emitted by these devices can be very harmful to the eyes. if we constantly submit to it.
A more organized lifestyle will prevent us from suffering from situations of uncertainty, which generate stress and nervousness.
It is also recommended to work in environments where there is natural light, which means fewer problems compared to artificial lights, which are generally more aggressive on the eyes, especially those of blue tones.
4.Massages on the eyelids
Some eye problems associated with stress, such as tremors, are solved by massaging around the eye area. This way it facilitates blood circulation, as well as soothing the area by tactile stimulation.
5. Use of eye drops and eye medications
In cases where it is necessary, such as blepharitis, it is recommended to use eye drops, as long as a professional indicates it and in accordance with his directives.
There are also ointments which are used to moisturize the eyelids and the eyeball, as well as to fight against bacterial infections.
6. Go to a specialist
If we have already developed a vision problem, it is best to see an ophthalmologist.
however, it will also be necessary to go to other professionals in case the source is stressAs a psychologist, because he will find out what is causing this problem and give us methods to find a solution.
- Lamphar, H. (2006). Ergophthalmology: analysis of factors affecting asthenopia of visual inspection workers in the electronics industry of Ciudad Juárez. Science & Work, 21, 135-140.
- Rodríguez, AE, Ferrer, C. and Alió, JL (2005). Demodex and chronic blepharitis. Archives of the Spanish Society of Ophthalmology. 80 (11).