How is psychotherapy for postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression is a psychological disorder that affects some women who have given birth. It is a mood disorder which, as the name suggests, exhibits symptoms similar to those of clinical depression, so it is capable of generating a lot of discomfort and is considered a reason to undergo therapy.

This article discusses the latter: the characteristics of postpartum depression and its treatment in psychotherapy by professionals.

    What is this disorder?

    We know it as postpartum depression a mood disorder based on depressive symptoms and related to childbirth. However, if it occurs after a birth, one cannot say that this event is in itself the cause of the appearance of this phenomenon; as with all psychological disorders.

    Among the factors that contribute to its emergence are both biological and environmental aspects; for example, it is known that the sudden hormonal changes associated with childbirth can have an emotional impact that is difficult to predict, and that the change in lifestyle that comes with the need to take care of that baby as well. it can produce psychological wear and tear that predisposes the mother to developing a disorder.

    In contrast, postpartum depression occurs in about 15% of women who have recently become mothers, and its variation is variable: it usually lasts about three months, but sometimes lasts up to a full year (especially if it is not case).

    symptoms

    The most common symptoms of postpartum depression are as follows, although they do not have to appear all at once to be considered a woman with this disorder. Anyway, this problem can only be properly identified and diagnosed by mental health professionals.

    1. Diffuse sadness

    In postpartum depression it is very common for a woman who develops this disorder to feel extremely sad and that often he does not even know how to explain exactly where this feeling comes from, referring in any case to abstract subjects: old age, death, etc. It can also go hand in hand with times of crying that are difficult to control.

    2. Irritability

    Sudden mood swings and a propensity to experience temper tantrums and arguments appear.

    3. Isolation research

    Loneliness is sought, get away from social relationships as much as possible.

    4. Many moments of great anxiety

    Another common symptom of this disorder is anxiety. Women with postpartum depression tend to go on high alert too often and too intensely., Which does not correspond to what is going on around you.

    5. Demotivation

    Finally, another typical symptom is lack of interest in activities, which leads to doubt about the ability to care for the baby.

    Psychological therapy for postpartum depression

    These are the key aspects of the treatment of postpartum depression in psychotherapy.

    1. Detection of problematic thoughts

    In therapy, women with postpartum depression learn to detect beliefs and thought patterns that keep the disorder afloat.

    2. Detection of problematic behaviors

    Just as knowing how to identify the mental processes that reinforce postpartum depression is essential, psychologists also help patients detect habits and actions that have the same effect. On another side, it works by changing the habits in the relationship, Encourage a more equitable distribution of tasks and care responsibilities.

      3. Anxiety management techniques

      For women who experience symptoms related to anxiety, in therapy they are given exercises and methods to manage this psychological state.

      4. Self-motivation training

      Another aspect of treatment for postpartum depression is helping patients to adopting habits capable of predisposing to engaging in stimulating activities. This helps a lot because keeping your mind and body active helps alleviate symptoms of depression.

      5. Training in relational dynamics

      Postpartum depression also persists due to inappropriate relationships with others. For that, psychologists help these patients to recognize and solve these problems.

      Are you looking for therapy for this problem?

      If you live in the Seville area and are interested in psychotherapy for postpartum depression, contact our team of psychologists. At Cribecca Psicologia we offer professional support and treatment to overcome this disorder and make it go away as soon as possible. Our contact details are available here.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Ahokas, A .; Kaukoranta, J .; Wahlbeck, K .; Aito, M. (2001). Estrogen deficiency in severe postpartum depression. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 62 (5): 332-336.
      • Gaynes, BN; Gavin, N .; Meltzer-Brody, S; Lohr, KN; Swinson, T .; Gartlehner, G. et al. (2005). Perinatal depression: prevalence, detection precision and detection results. Technology Evidence and Assessment Report (119): 1-8.
      • Grace, SL; Evindar, A .; Stewart, DE (2003). The effect of postpartum depression on infant behavior and cognitive development: a review and critical analysis of the literature. Women’s Mental Health Archives. 6 (4): 263-274.
      • Wisner, KL; Perel, JM; Peindl, Kathleen S .; Hanusa, BH; Piontek, Catherine M .; Findling, RL (2004). Prevention of postpartum depression: a randomized pilot clinical trial. American Journal of Psychiatry 161 (7): 1290 – 1292.

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