It happens constantly.
How many times have we not heard in the news: an apparently normal man, who enjoyed a good reputation and who had never raised any suspicion, is one day brought before the court to testify about a series of crimes that even his closest would not suspect would be able to commit. A person fully integrated into the community becomes, overnight, a criminal.
This sort of thing can lead us to ask a somewhat macabre question:
Would I be able to recognize a psychopath?
And is that, although psychopaths are not obligated to commit criminal acts or crimes, it is true that by their characteristics they are able to act to break the norms of coexistence as someone would. isolated, desperate and destitute. However, psychopaths have social resources: they are charismatic and know how to make a good impression. This is why, many times, identifying a psychopath ready to commit an illegality is complicated.
Detect a psychopath
So, is it possible to identify psychopaths? Of course, “to say to do there is a piece” and is that regardless of the characteristics listed in diagnostic manuals or the number of experts who claim that the unequivocal characteristics of psychopathy are “X” or ” And “, the truth is this each psychopath has a different way of developing in society. And, of course, it would seem that psychopaths eager to commit crimes every day learn to go more unnoticed.
What are psychopaths like? 10 features
however, yes there are certain tendencies and behaviors that from statistics make something more possible to detect a psychopath. Here you will find 10 keys that are generally useful to experts.
1. No long-term goal is set
psychopaths they tend to lead a lifestyle based on immediacy, So tomorrow worries them relatively little compared to the objectives closer in time (especially if they are very primary and impulsive). They tend to meet their most basic needs (hunger, sex, deportation, etc.), so they don’t tend to plan their future meticulously.
They can organize themselves to pursue an end that they deem important, but generally these goals always pursue short-term results. For example, a crime-prone psychopath might steal a luxury car to impress a girl and get her to lash out at him for sexually assaulting her afterwards.
Let’s be clear: Everybody lies. A little more, a little less. Now, a “little” or “white” lie is not the same as telling pathological lies.
Psychopaths have a great facility for lying, and sometimes they do it to get what they want even if it means harming other people because they do not foresee the nature of the consequences of these lies. In addition, they always tend to justify and rationalize their actions.
The classic description of psychopaths characterizes them as people who do not feel bound by “contracts” or “pacts” with the rest of humanity.
This means that they find it difficult to suppress certain behaviors so as not to harm others. It is for this reason that they have the particularity of being sporadic in the jobs they exercise, as well as the constant moving of residence. In the life story of a psychopath, it is common to find that the jobs he held were held for short periods of time.
4. Superficial charm and false adaptation
Psychopaths generally thrive in day-to-day life with relative adaptability because they ingeniously learned to gain the trust of others with their false charm.
These attitudes are just ploys used to hide their true intentions. Such is the case of John Wayne Gacy “the killer clown” in which the cops were surprised after hearing neighbors call Gacy a kind and courteous man. Or that successful businessman who gently shakes hands while engaging in money laundering in his business.
5. They don’t make long-term emotional bonds
This point is intuitive in the previous ones. the sentimental instability this is an almost unanimous feature among people who have been diagnosed with psychopathy.
6. They are problematic
The DSM-IV states that people with antisocial personality disorder are characterized by their inability to understand societal norms and rules, as well as a general pattern of contempt and violation of the rights of others.
psychopaths tend to be contradictory and in their history it is not surprising to find that they have been convicted of a crime on several occasions. They often get into trouble and the punishments and the consequences don’t seem to matter to them at all.
7. They tend to parasitize life
Things that have to do with routine and responsibility (like legal and stable work, for example) are boring to them, so they prefer to lead a parasitic life. In other words, to live at the expense of others.
8. They are manipulators
Psychopaths have an incredible, almost innate capacity for persuasion and seduction, tools they often use to manipulate others and achieve their evil goals.
They don’t skimp on treating others as objects who can use that charisma to get what they want, even if it hurts or hurts others. that’s why they like to “relate” to submissive and dependent people to be able to benefit from it or abuse it.
9. They have no empathy
This is probably the almost unequivocal characteristic of a psychopathic disorder in the person. psychopaths they do not have the capacity to “put themselves in the other’s shoes”, To feel what the other person is feeling. However, psychopaths can understand the emotions of others, identify physiological changes in a mood, and even mimic them.
For example, a psychopath will know that someone who smiles is likely to feel happy, or that someone who cries is sad, but these alien emotions are unintelligible to them beyond their theoretical understanding. They cannot understand the joy or the pain that the other is going through.
10. They have no fear, no guilt, no shame
psychopaths they do not repent of their actions, because they have no moral conscience since they live under their own value system, they do what they feel is necessary to meet their needs. However, they know how to use the guilt against others “for good” and in their favor with awesome mastery to manipulate.
On the other hand, psychopaths are often looking for exciting actions, which is why routine tends to bore them. The above leads to the search for striking and even reckless activities, because they do not feel fear or feel intimidated by anything or anyone.
Who can you trust?
It is currently estimated that the number of psychopaths (their prevalence) could be between 1% and 3% of the population total world. However, and although only experts can diagnose and identify cases of psychopathy, we can learn from all of this. Among them is the fact that some human beings (although few in number) can harm others, and that not all of us have moral brakes immutable.
Dr. Ana Beatriz Barbosa Silva, for example, recommends that when deciding who to trust, we should keep in mind that the consistent combination of evil actions with frequent stage play that calls for piety is like “A light signal planted in front of an unconscious person.” And can the combination of emotional manipulation and lack of impulse control be very dangerous.
Despite this, of course, people who meet these characteristics are not necessarily serial killers and, maybe not even violent. However, these are individuals with whom it can be very difficult to bond emotionally and come to consolidate a healthy and symmetrical relationship in which we can entrust our property to others, leave it in the care of our children, do business with it or share. secrets. After all, not all psychopaths are criminals, not all criminals are psychopaths.
- Barbosa Silva, AB (2011): Dangerous Spirits. Madrid: Aguilar Fontanar.
- Marchiori, H. (2002): Criminal Psychology. Mexico City: Porrúa.