How to help someone with OCD: 6 tips to support

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) represents constant and intense discomfort if psychological treatment is not received. That’s why, even when they are in therapy, it is important that they have the support of their friends and family.

In this article we will see how to help someone with OCDThis impulse control disorder which is characterized by causing a great need to perform repetitive rituals called compulsions.

    What exactly is obsessive-compulsive disorder?

    To better understand how to help someone with OCD, you need to know what it is. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by the appearance of intrusive thoughts which produce in the subject a feeling of discomfort, That things are out of hand and that something bad will happen if some order is not restored.

    People who suffer from this disorder usually have an accelerated thought flow and catastrophic tendency that is, they have the perception that things will be bad for them before they even start to do them. which causes them a feeling of acute discomfort. It is because of this style of thinking that patients with this psychological disorder take refuge in a bubble of over-control in certain areas of their life, performing compulsions. Compulsions are repetitive and very specific rituals that the person with obsessive-compulsive disorder feels the need to act immediately to dissipate the discomfort produced by the obsessions (intrusive thoughts).

    In addition, this type of repetitive behavior has a marked tendency to order, so these rituals are always performed in a very strict sequence that should not be interrupted. If anything is between people with OCD and their characteristic order in performing these compulsions, discomfort becomes present, to the point that it is impossible for them to quietly develop in the activities of their routine. rearrange everything in whatever way they see fit.

    How can you help someone with OCD?

    Now let’s take a look at some ways to help people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

    1. Support the person in therapy

    Psychological therapy greatly helps channel the need for control in people with OCD. The driver will be able to adequately assess the subject’s particular case by providing the tools and professional support required in these cases.

    Therefore, it is necessary to talk to the person and try to convince them to insist on psychotherapy, and once the sessions have started, to encourage them not to give up the treatment.

    One way to support as a family member or friend is to accompany the patient to therapy sessions with the subject, and let them see that they are not alone, but that they have the personal support you have. bid to overcome complicated situations.

      2. Do not try to cope to avoid compulsions

      The most important thing to keep in mind when helping people with this disorder is that do not try to adopt a confrontational attitude to try to modify one of the rituals that they execute to maintain their specific order.

      It will always be better to adopt an understanding attitude towards their behavior, understanding that more than a fad is a necessity for them. In any case, it is these patients who must be the driving force behind their own change according to the directives and training given in therapy.

      3. Do not get involved in rituals

      It is also not a good idea to actively participate in the person’s rituals, knowing that this situation instead of being positive for them would end up encouraging obsessive behavior, causing it to start again. Many family members and friends try to support by mimicking the subject’s behaviors, which is not appropriate.

      Instead of we have to show the person that nothing happens when the ritual is not performed, But we will for example. Without being intrusive, we will show you that the world is not a dangerous place and that you can live there without the need for an exacerbated order.

      4. Positively reinforce your progress

      A hallmark of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is that they are aware that they have a problem but are unable to give up their obsessive routines if they do not receive help, Since they depend on this feeling of control to be comfortable.

      What we will do to mitigate these behaviors will be to give the person signs of affection and surprise rewards every time they show small steps to stop being so methodical; this way the subject will feel satisfied and want to continue improving.

      5. Set clear goals

      In order for the above tips to implement positive behavior enhancers to work effectively, it is necessary to help the subject set achievable goals, so that it is possible to assess and determine the improvement that was made during this period. There is no point in setting goals that are almost impossible to achieve, it only encourages frustration and the urge to give up treatment.

      6. Include in the direct family nucleus

      If possible, we should involve the subject’s family nucleus. This way, the atmosphere at home will improveSince the subject’s direct parents will be able to better understand why sometimes their relatives act so obsessively, and instead of arguing, they will begin to support.

      Family therapy helps a lot in these cases; the therapist not only assesses and helps people with OCD, but also offers loved ones the best alternatives to deal with the situation in a positive way.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Kodysz, S. (sf). Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Brief bibliographic review. Mental health fact sheets.
      • Stern, ER; Taylor, SF (2014). Cognitive neuroscience of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatric clinics of North America. 37 (3): 337-352.

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