Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a relatively common psychological disorder that includes a series of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that prevent a person from functioning normally in daily life.
ADHD is usually diagnosed in childhood because of the visible symptoms that usually appear at this stage, which affect both school performance and parents’ attempts to apply consistent rules and parental guidelines. However, there are cases of adults and adolescents who have not been diagnosed and who experience problems on a daily basis because they do not understand what is happening to them.
Below we present a summary with the main keys that will help us to identify a case of ADHD in our children or adolescents.
What are the main signs that allow us to identify ADHD in children?
ADHD usually has symptoms related to inattention, hyperactivity, or both. These symptoms, in the long term, they decisively affect many areas of a person’s performance and lifeas well as in your general well-being and mental health.
In this sense, there are a series of signs that can detect and diagnose cases of ADHD in children and adolescents; however, this diagnostic process can only be performed by mental health professionals, and parents cannot unilaterally assume that their son or daughter has ADHD. And do not forget that this disorder lends itself very well to being confused with behaviors that are simply uncomfortable or embarrassing from the point of view of adults, especially since in childhood it is more difficult to feel motivated to respect norms. whose benefits are very abstract or long term.
now good there are several patterns of behavior that help people detect signs of this alteration, something necessary to seek professional help and make a diagnosis. Therefore, this list of signs that a child may have ADHD from a parent’s perspective may be helpful.
1. Constant movement
Hyperactive and impulsive behaviors are one of the most characteristic symptoms of ADHD and are one of the main keys that help parents and psychologists identify and diagnose the disorder.
These hyperactive-impulsive behaviors can be of different natures, but the most frequent are the constant movement, the need to get up when they are seated, the desire to climb for inappropriate places quite often and a permanent inability to stand still in a certain place.
Children with ADHD, especially at a very early age, tend to tap their hands or feet on a surface both standing and sitting because being relatively still makes them uncomfortable due to lack of stimulation .
2. Lack of attention
These children show remarkable difficulty paying attention at home and at schoolthey are easily distracted, they make mistakes at home and at school because they are not concentrating on what they are doing, and they have difficulty following instructions of all kinds.
In addition to this, they also typically exhibit a lack of ability to concentrate on what they are being told or difficulty listening when someone speaks to them directly or repeating anything they have heard recently.
All of these symptoms are definite signs that we may be dealing with a case of ADHD.
3. Self-centered behavior
Children and adolescents with ADHD usually have real difficulty recognizing the needs, intentions, and desires of otherswhich leads to multiple difficulties during socialization.
This inability to put oneself in the other’s shoes is due both to his impulsive behavior and to his lack of attention to others and to the internal states of his surroundings; in general, they are more interested in the environment than in the processes of introspection.
4. Problems with keeping silent
Problems remaining silent for a long time and constant interruptions from adults and peers are also signs that may indicate a case of ADHD.
This can be effectively checked by testing the child’s ability to remain silent challenging him to shut up for a while.
5. Difficulty playing with other people
Difficulties following instructions and participating in planned games with other people are noticeable in children and adolescents with ADHD, as they find it difficult to keep the rules of the game in mind at all times. Again this, it affects both their social life and their self-esteem and psychological well-being.
Another of the defining characteristics of people with ADHD, especially in young children, is a constant inability to take turns, which prevents them from succeeding in all types of games and group activities.
6. Organizational issues
Organizational problems are another of the classic symptoms of ADHD, a deficit associated with both the person’s impulsiveness and their inability to pay attention and concentrate.
This prevents the person from carrying out satisfactorily the tasks of all kinds of daily life and also those required in the school field, which leads to a noticeable drop in the performance of the boy or girl and causes him to think that the school “doesn’t stop him”.
In addition to this, people with ADHD also tend to forget things, like doing their homework, and they also tend to frequently lose many things that belong to them, like school supplies or toys.
7. Difficulty completing tasks
Difficulty performing tasks of all kinds satisfactorily both at home and at school is also due to the lack of sustained attention span exhibited by children and adolescents with ADHD. Therefore, projects that could bring them medium and long-term benefits are resistedsomething that can affect your education.
How is ADHD treated?
ADHD intervention can be done from the field of psychology and psychiatry. of psychiatry, psychostimulant drugs are usually used such as methylphenidate, based on the hypothesis that the stimulation of mental activity will make the child no longer need to seek sources of external stimuli and will be able to channel their energy through processes based on introspection and thought management.
However, this form of intervention only serves to alleviate the symptoms, not to train the person to better manage their own behaviors and ways of modulating their emotions. For the latter, psychotherapy is necessary.
On the other hand, in the field of psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral treatment is usually chosen. This type of therapy offers support both in the internalization of routines and life habits that predispose the patient to better manage their impulses and counter their influence, as well as to improve thought and feeling patterns that facilitate focus on what’s at hand without giving in to constant distractions. In other words, a dual pathway is used: behavioral, on the one hand, and cognitive, on the other.
In this sense, if you are looking for psychotherapeutic support for a case of ADHD, we invite you to contact us.
In Psychology Cribecca we serve people of all ages and families, in person and via video call.