In what different ways can anxiety affect us?

Experiencing occasional anxiety isn’t necessarily a negative thing. It tells us that we value what produces that feeling, prepares us for action, and allows us to explore different options to resolve what we are in.

However, when these sensations occur continuously, for no apparent reason, and begin to significantly interfere with day-to-day functioning, that’s when we need to start analyzing what’s going on.

    How Do Anxiety Problems Affect Us?

    In general, with anxiety disorders, one can notice difficulties on a personal, professional, family and / or social level. 7.6% of people in Spain report chronic anxiety. Within the age groups, 8.75% correspond to people between 45 and 54 years old and 10.51% to people between 55 and 64 years old.

    These feelings are out of proportion to the actual danger and, far from helping us to react, generally paralyze and hinder execution.

    It is possible that in order to avoid this unpleasant and uncontrollable feeling, the person will begin to avoid situations, meetings or isolation in some way. In turn, perfectionism and unrealistic demands contribute to the onset and maintenance of anxiety. In addition, the spectrum of what we generally call anxiety is very wide.

    What forms do anxiety problems take?

    Anxiety can be generalized (without stimulus or apparent cause), to social situations, separation, or take the form of specific phobias and agoraphobia, or panic disorder, or due to a substance or disease, etc.

    Also, anxiety it can start as a result of or as a result of another disease or occur in conjunction with other conditions, Like depression, for example. People who have organic disease (recognized or unrecognized) may also experience anxiety because of the interference it has produced or as a symptom of the disease; as is the case, for example, with oncological processes.

    What can be done?

    Studying the questions that may elicit this response will help us focus on the most appropriate treatment.

    Although anxiety can be overwhelming at times and requires additional pharmacological treatments, it is not advisable to take medication without taking action at the root of the problem, as we run the risk of becoming addicted to mediation without creating our own strategies. that can help fight it. Outraged, psychotherapy helps us prepare for anxiety situationsSo, this helps us to consolidate the strategies and tools that help us reduce or eliminate it.

    How do you recognize the existence of an anxiety problem?

    As already mentioned, there are several subtypes in anxiety, although some symptomatic manifestations can be common. like that, the main characteristics that can help us recognize are as follows:

    • Feeling weak or tired
    • Feeling of danger or losing control of the situation
    • Sweating, rapid heartbeat
    • Sound issues
    • gastrointestinal discomfort
    • Persistent headaches or migraines
    • Avoid situations that generate anxiety
    • Recurring problems that interfere with daily functioning and are difficult to avoid
    • other

    The current health situation has dramatically increased the anxiety levels of the population. Recent studies indicate that one in five people (19.6%) living in Spain have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety, the symptoms most common in women (26.8%). Surprisingly, the age groups with the highest levels of anxiety correspond to the young population between 18 and 24 years old. In turn, the researchers concluded that people with psychological problems double the likelihood of experiencing anxiety.

    Therefore, if you notice any of these symptoms, whether caused by the pandemic or other factors, it is important that we can count on professional help.

    Bibliographical references:

    • I Killed, J., Hollenstein, MF and Gil, F. (2004). Insomnia, anxiety and depression in the cancer patient. Psychooncology, 1 (2-3), 211-30.
    • Valent, C., Vázquez, C., Peinado, V., Contreras, A., Trucharte, A., Bentall, R., and Martínez, A. (2020). VIDA-COVID-19. National study representing the responses of Spanish citizens to the Covid-19 crisis: psychological responses. Preliminary results. Symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress on COVID-19: prevalence and predictors (Technical report 2.0. 2020.05.02). Complutense University of Madrid and University of Sheffield.
    • Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Protection (2018). National Health Survey. Spain 2017

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