Incubation syndrome: male psychological pregnancy

Psychological pregnancy or pseudociesis, It is a well-known phenomenon which consists of the belief on the part of the woman who is pregnant, arriving to present symptoms and signs of pregnancy and in spite of not being or never having it summer.

This psychological phenomenon also occurs, but less frequently, in men. In that case, called brood syndrome, The man who accompanies his partner during pregnancy begins to show symptoms, even some that he does not initially present. The main difference is that the man is aware at all times that in reality he cannot be pregnant.

    Definition of brood syndrome

    Incubation syndrome is also known as Couvade syndrome, a term derived from the French language that refers to the act of incubation or reproduction. This kind of mess it affects some men during their partner’s pregnancy. It can also occur in people close to the pregnant woman or caregivers.

    The syndrome consists of the appearance in men of a series of symptoms specific to pregnancy. It could be seen as a kind of psychological pregnancy in a person who knows they will be a father, but is well aware that they are not really pregnant.

    It is common for the first manifestations of incubation syndrome to begin around the third month of pregnancy or as the due date approaches. However, these usually go away naturally during pregnancy or, at most, after the baby is born.

    Although it may sound like a strange syndrome, it occurs in a more or less severe way in a large number of pregnancies, and can occur with a probability of 10% when the pregnancy is normal, even in 25% of the pregnancies. Sometimes if it is a high risk pregnancy and at least one of the symptoms of pregnancy appears up to 72% of men who will be parents.

    Other terms by which incubation syndrome is known are imitation pregnancies, empathetic pregnancies, or even benevolent pregnancies.

      Symptoms of brood syndrome

      Incubation syndrome can have as many symptoms as a pregnant woman can have in a pregnant woman. Those that occur most often in men are dizziness, nausea and vomiting.

      It is possible for a man to increase his weight significantly, increase his sensory sensitivity, or experience sudden changes in mood or temperament.

      Likewise, man can feel a series of desires, Sometimes in phase with those experienced by the woman; abdominal pain or tooth pain.

      The list of possible symptoms may include:

      • wishes
      • Nausea and vomiting
      • intestinal conditions
      • Aversion to certain smells and foods
      • stomach problems
      • Gases
      • constipation
      • Dermatological problems
      • Weight variations
      • muscular weakness
      • tired
      • Decreased blood pressure
      • Spasms in the legs
      • abdominal pain
      • Inhibition of sexual desire
      • Sound issues

      • anxiety
      • Depressed mood
      • hyperactivity
      • dental pain
      • Concentration problems
      • Obsession with health

      This long history of symptoms is perceived as real by humans, although in reality there is no underlying physical cause that causes them.

      In addition, none of them can be really harmful to him, it is recommended to go to the general practitioner in case of interference with the daily life, but should not be a source of excessive concern.

      the causes

      As the number of men who turn to a specialist doctor is very low, incubation syndrome has not been widely studied. However, there are studies that belong to different streams of psychology, which theorize about the possible causes of this.

      hormonal changes

      As with women, man can undergo a number of hormonal changes in his body, Which may cause a reaction to the above symptoms. These changes lead to a decrease in testosterone and an increase in prolactin.

        1. Type of affection with the father

        According to some studies, men report having developed conditions or having experienced very distant or even absent relations with his fatherThey experience a greater number of symptoms of incubation syndrome.

        2. Jealousy

        According to some theories of psychodynamic cutoff the man can unconsciously feel jealousy or envy of the unborn baby, believing that he will occupy all the attention of the relationship. Likewise also you may feel unconscious jealousy for the pregnant womanThis is considered a privilege to experience the development of pregnancy firsthand.

        3. States of anxiety

        Man may feel anxiety due to the usual concerns about the role of the father, especially if it is an early father, as well as concerns about the economic and responsibility changes that the new stage entails.

        These excessive worries can trigger symptoms of brood syndrome.

          4. Excessive need to involve

          It is perfectly normal for a man to feel the need to get involved in the whole process of pregnancy. However, an excessive need, that rubs the limit of obsession to control pregnancy, Will almost certainly lead to incubation syndrome.

          5. Unplanned pregnancy

          An unplanned or unplanned pregnancy is likely to cause one of the manifestations of this disorder in men, for psychological reasons.

          6. Very close relationship with the pregnant woman

          A very close and intense connection or bond with the pregnant couple can trigger very intense empathy in the man. This empathy can also be generated by feelings of identification with the changes that occur in a woman’s body or by guilt if the pregnancy is classified as risky.

          7. Stress

          Incubation syndrome can be explained as a side effect of stress generated by changes in lifestyle, including diet, hobbies, social relationships, etc.

          How to deal with these symptoms

          As mentioned above, in the vast majority of cases, symptoms go away over time before the pregnancy ends. In the most serious cases, the man is fully recovered after the birth of the baby.

          However, in order to manage that the symptoms do not increase or interfere too much with the normal life of the man, it is recommended that the latter assimilate that the woman does not suffer from any condition or disease. .

          Since communication between the two is natural and fluid, and the father actively participate in both pregnancy and later stages, Symptoms and worries will go away until they go away.

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