LGBT psychology: what it is and the benefits of consulting a specialized psychologist

Gay, bisexual and transgender people have been persecuted, discriminated against, Being the object of hatred and aggression throughout history.

Over the past decades, fundamental rights and goals have been achieved, which has led to a more tolerant and pluralistic society. Proof of this is the 1973 elimination of homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association (APA) “Diagnostic Manual of Mental Illness” (DSM), and in 1990, the disappearance of homosexuality from the WHO list of mental illnesses. . But despite these advances, the LGBT community continues to be the object of hatred, discrimination and aggression currently.

Therefore, it is essential to accept the affective-sexual diversity that exists in society. Each person creates their own relationship model, which will help them develop the ability to love and experience intra and interpersonal relationships in the best possible way. We can say that there are as many forms of relationships as there are people.

    Difference between sexual orientation, gender identity and biological sex

    It is essential to know the definition of each of these terms so as not to get confused and to better understand the needs within the group.

    sexual orientation

    It refers to the emotional, physical, sexual or romantic attraction that a person has for another person.. This attraction can be towards people of the same sex (homosexuals), towards people of the different sex (heterosexual) or feeling attracted to both sexes (bisexual).

    We cannot choose our sexual orientation, which is why conversion therapies used to “cure” homosexuality have no meaning or validity.

    Gender identity

    Awareness of belonging to male or female. A person may experience a gender identity that is different from their biological sex; that’s what happens to transgender people.

    Biological sex

    It corresponds to the sex we are born with, male or female.

    What is affirmative psychology?

    Affirmative Psychology is a specialization in psychology that is responsible for working on the different issues that non-heterosexual and cisexual people may experience (People whose gender identity matches their biological sex). The term affirmative psychology first appeared in 1982 to address the pathologizing ideas of sexual and gender diversity that existed at the time.

    In order for LGBT people to cope with situations that may arise, they are taught some useful strategies and tools. like that, each person will be able to assume their own sexual orientation and gender identity and develop an active coping style that will help them cope with social stigma.

    From this form of work, the goal of the therapist will be to make patients feel that they are going to a safe environment, where their emotions, feelings, experiences and behaviors towards themselves and the surrounding world. surrounds them will be validated. It is therefore about therapy for sexual and gender diversity on the basis of psychological support and intervention, the aim is to alleviate the discomfort resulting from fear, oppression and discrimination, both family and social, from which they may have suffered.

      What areas are we working on?

      People who belong to the collective may face different situations from others. For that, they require more specific and specialized attention.

      The specific areas to work on are:

      • Acceptance of one’s own sexual and emotional orientation, both homosexual and bisexual.
      • Self-assertion and visibility of orientation and / or identity.
      • Overcome the trauma and legacy of LGBTphobic discrimination.
      • It helps transgender people during the process of building their gender identity.
      • Support for LGBT families.
      • Intervention in the family acceptance process.
      • Intervention in relationships and emotional bonds.

      conclusion

      Being part of the LGBT community doesn’t mean being different when you go to a psychologist, as each person can have the same symptoms or issues of anxiety, depression, self-esteem, stress, etc. However, and as indicated in the previous section, there are certain specific situations or problems within this community. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a psychologist who specializes in issues of the LGBT community.

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