Luria-Christensen neuropsychological test: what it is and what it evaluates

Psychological assessment includes a wide variety of techniques aimed at assessing different personality traits, psychological and neurological functions, intelligence, etc. here we will know the neuropsychological test of Luria-Christensen, A high impact neuropsychological battery.

Neuropsychological functions include areas of the person such as motor, visual, space, language, etc. Let’s find out in detail which areas this test assesses and what their characteristics are.

    Luria-Christensen neuropsychological test: features

    The Luria-Christensen neuropsychological test is a neuropsychological battery built by Alexander Romanovich Luria (1974) and revised by Anne L. Christensen (1978). It comes from the European Neuropsychological School, which focused on a more qualitative than quantitative assessment, not counting normative data.

    This test is widely used in nurology and nuropsychology for the diagnosis of different brain functions. battery is based on Luria’s theory of functional systems.

    Functions it evaluates

    The test evaluates many functions. More specifically, the following:

    • motor functions: Hands, oral praxis, ataxias, hyperkinesias and synkinesias, etc.
    • Acoustic-motor organization: Understands the distinction between 2 identical tones, sound reproduction, etc.
    • Superior skin functions and kinesthetics: Skin, muscle sensations, joints and sterognosis, etc.
    • Superior visual functions: Perception of objects, colors, visual acuity, etc.
    • receptive language: Phonemic listening, comprehension of words, simple / complex sentences …
    • expressive language: Articulation of sounds, repetitive language, story …
    • Readind, writing: Phonetic analysis, word synthesis …
    • arithmetic skill: Understand numerical concepts and arithmetic operations.
    • memory processes: Learning, retention, retrieval and logical memory.
    • intellectual processes: Ability to analyze situations, develop action strategies …

    Data sheet of this test

    At the technical level, the components (material) of the Luria-Christensen neuropsychological test they include the textbook, a box with cards, the exam itself, a notebook for the child and a notebook for the examiner.

    The age of application is 7 years. This is an individual application and the timing of application is variable.

    Versions of the Luria-Christensen test

    There are different versions of the Luria-Christensen neuropsychological test:

    • The Luria-initial, for preschool children between 4 and 6 years old.
    • The Luria-DNI: intended for children between 7 and 12 years old.
    • Luria-DNA: from 7 years old

    Let’s get to know them in detail.

    1. Luria-Initial battery

    Designed by Dr Ramos and Dr Manga, this drum kit is the result of many years of research and experience with Luria’s instruments, and tries to meet the assessment needs of the childhood period.

    It covers a range of ages not yet covered, from 4 to 6 years. It is a continuation of the Luria-DNI battery, and the latter in turn represents a continuation of the Luria-DNA battery. All are sensitive to human development. In addition, the test allows an exploration of the subject’s manual laterality.

    2. Luria-DNI battery

    Also developed by professors Manga and Ramos in 1991, it arises alongside the previous one. It was made using Luria’s methods analyze at the neuropsychological level the higher processes. It has different scales: level of 7 years completed, level of 8 years, level of 9 years and level of 10 years and over.

    3. Luria-DNA battery

    It is a neuropsychological battery designed in the same way by professors Manga and Ramos (1999), from material prepared by Christensen.

    The battery provides a complete neuropsychological profile of a person in five areas: visuospatial, oral language, memory, intellectual and attentional control, And evaluates from 7 years. Its aim is to neuropsychologically analyze higher processes in adults.

    Spanish adaptation: Manga and Ramos test

    Based on Luria-Christensen’s proposal, Manga and Ramos make the Spanish adaptation, which assesses 4 areas: spatial-aspect, language, memory and intellectual processes.

    Each of these areas includes different subtests:

    • Visuospatial Zone: Includes visual perception and spatial orientation subtests.
    • Oral Language Zone: Includes the Receptive Speech and Expressive Speech subtests.
    • Memory Area: Includes immediate memory and logical memory subtests.
    • Intellectual domain: includes sub-tests of thematic drawings and texts and a conceptual activity.

    Additionally, they add another subtest that is not included in any specific area: attentional control. Finally, a total score is obtained by adding all the scores of the subtests, from which an overall neuropsychological profile of the subject is obtained.

    bibliographical references:

    • Buela-Casal, G .; Serra, JC (1997). Manual of psychological assessment. 21st century ed. Madrid.
    • Basuela, I. (2007). Analysis of the factor structure of the Luria-DNA battery in university students. Journal of Psychodidactics, 12 (1), 143-152.
    • Basuela, I. (2008). Assessment: Neuropsychological assessment batteries for children. BOL Pediatrics, 48 ​​(203), 8-12.

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