People with high blood pressure are more likely to develop certain psychological disorders. This is the case with senior executives, managers and other highly responsible positions.
Below we will collect the most common diagnoses that usually occur in this type of people due to the characteristics of their work and lifestyle.
What are the most common psychopathologies among senior executives?
Executives, managers and other profiles at the highest level of the company are subjected to daily routines which facilitate the appearance of a certain number of pathologies. We will see what are the most common psychological problems in senior executives and related positions.
It is not surprising that the first psychological pathology we encounter when we talk about people who live for and for their work is anxiety. These people will tend to live in a constant state of alert, constantly anticipating possible situations related to their work environment and with decisions to be taken in order to always obtain the best results.
This over-activation, of course, is not something the body or mind can endure for a sustained period of time. without there being a certain number of consequences, some physical, others psychological. The most common psychological symptoms of anxiety are a constant feeling of guilt, worry, and anxiety. Sometimes you can be afraid of losing control and even think that someone may die.
Among the most common psychological problems in senior executives, anxiety causes them to be restless, irritable, have trouble concentrating, and feel like they are forgetting things. They may also experience motor blockages, which return the feeling of anxiety, establishing a vicious cycle.
Depression is, along with anxiety, one of the most common mental disorders, so it is logical to think that it is another of the most common psychological problems among senior executives and in fact it doesn’t It’s not uncommon for the two to appear together, in the form of anxiety. -The depressive symptomatology is one of the images that psychologists find most often in their consultations.
Depression is characterized by a state of mind of generalized sadness, feelings of guilt and unhappinessSometimes as a result of a traumatic event and other times without a clear cause, but which can fit perfectly into a grueling lifestyle that ends up depleting the individual’s mental defenses. The case of senior executives would be a profile towards which this disease could emerge if the necessary precautions are not taken to prevent it.
3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Another of the most common psychological issues among senior executives is said to be OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder, which is actually linked to anxiety disorders but with very specific characteristics, for this reason the DSM-5 diagnostic manual tells you about it. gives an independent category. In that case, people develop a series of irrational obsessions that they try to appease through compulsive behaviors.
These obsessions or circular thoughts saturate the minds of these individuals, preventing them from focusing normally on other issues, so they develop rituals or compulsions to try to leave these thoughts behind and be able to focus on the issues that are affecting them. concern. For a person as a manager who needs their mental capacity to the fullest, intrusive thoughts are a big problem.
OCD is not a disease that affects people as much as anxiety itselfBut it is common for those most likely to be in pain to see it even more easily due to high stress levels maintained over time, which is precisely the lifestyle a manager usually leads, it is for this is why it is one of the most common psychological problems among senior executives.
4. Narcissistic personality disorder
The fourth psychological disorder that we would encounter would be narcissistic personality disorder. In this case, we are talking about a psychological disorder that affects the personality of the person who he makes him perceive himself with an importance beyond what he deserves. The individual suffering from this disorder often believes in the center of the world, with qualities that little or no one else possesses.
Not only that, but he needs others to make him see how special he is, so flattery will almost be a requirement. This feeling, moreover, he tends to consider his rights as superior to those of his neighbor and therefore expect a better deal than anyone else, just be who he is.
He will have little or no empathy and will expect his subordinates to be 100% involved in the tasks of the company, regardless of their personal life, health condition or other issues. Indeed, this is a profile that might fit into some senior executives at certain companies, so Narcissistic Personality Disorder couldn’t be missed as one of the most common psychological issues among senior executives.
What elements of the professional context generate these alterations?
After discussing the most common psychological problems in senior executives, we need to know the basics that make these people more likely to suffer from certain conditions than the rest of the population. We are talking about profile of a person who usually works significantly more hours per day than a typical workday would, Which is usually 8 hours.
These people, on the other hand, can spend 10, 12 or even 14 hours in the office. It is also common for them to travel between different places, sometimes internationally, which involves traveling by plane, sometimes even changing time zones, with the resulting jet lag. The weather is everything and they usually rush from one place to another to arrive on time for all the meetings, possibly having several in a single day.
Outraged, it implies a very deficient dream, Supplied with large doses of coffee, which only acts as a patch because nothing works like restful sleep. Not only the lack of sleep, but also this situation is often accompanied by a much improved nutrition, because sometimes, in order not to lose a single minute of work, the intake is done very quickly or sometimes not it just takes place, this which is even worse.
To make matters worse, the matters dealt with in day-to-day work are of great sensitivity, involving decisions of enormous depth, which can mean the rise or fall of the company’s stock market, gains or losses concluding. essential agreements with other companies or even having in your hands the possibility of obtaining or losing projects which involve a lot of jobs.
Not all minds are ready to deal with all of these issues consistently. Even the strongest can suffer a number of consequences, which are some of the most common psychological problems in senior executives and which we have already seen in detail.
The last factor would be free time. Disconnect at work, so important to clear your mind after a tiring day at work, Is something that many executives don’t have. Endless days at the office are followed by times at home when this person doesn’t switch off. Use your phone or computer to answer calls or emails, view documents, or try to get ahead on different projects.
The same thing happens during the holidays. These people are never really disconnected from work because they think their tasks are essential for the business and therefore usually do not take days off and if they do the same when they get home: they are waiting for their laptop. or your smartphone, so they simply move your workplace to another location.
This factor also affects their personal and family life, Because sometimes they have a hard time getting involved in whatever they want and being able to enjoy more time and quality, for example with their children, partners, friends, etc. This could exacerbate the discomfort the person is already feeling with the situation, as it would shift from only affecting themselves to involving others.
In short, we are talking about people with higher responsibilities, who travel constantly, sleep little, do not have healthy eating habits, who can barely or know how to disconnect, with almost no vacation or free time. with their own family. This seems to be an extraordinary breeding ground for generating a whole series of pathologies that we have seen and which represent the most common psychological problems in senior executives.
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- Hernández, L., Romero, M., González de Rivera, JL, Rodríguez-Abuín, MJ (1997). Dimensions of stress at work: relations with psychopathology, reactivity to stress and certain organic variables. Psyche.
- Pluto, ST (2002). New perspectives in occupational psychopathology. Scientific journal of UCES.