Infant therapy or infant psychotherapy is a type of therapeutic intervention whose main purpose is to improve the emotional and social well-being of the child., And differs from adult therapy not so much in the purpose of the interventions as in the manner in which the relationship and the therapeutic process are conducted.
Psychological problems should also be considered at an early age, as effective treatment at these ages will positively condition the future and well-being of the child and can prevent future problems in adults.
What is pediatric therapy
This form of therapy is based on a set of techniques and methods used to help children who have problems with their emotions or behaviors, and one of the many things that differentiates it from adult therapy is that uses play as a key part of therapy. In addition, it involves the family (and sometimes the school and / or other institutions and professionals) in the therapeutic process, so that the therapeutic relationship and alliance are multiple.
Infant therapy is very experiential and experiential. Child therapists use activities and games to build relationships and communicate with children. However, language and verbal communication in this type of therapy are also important, as in therapy for adults, but they must be adapted to the developmental stage in which each child is placed, both in terms of understanding and expression of language. as characteristics of their knowledge and thought. Therefore, a child therapist must have a thorough knowledge of the evolutionary development, the characteristics of each domain (social, cognitive, emotional, etc.) at each moment of the child’s life.
These professionals are experts in helping children develop and develop healthy self-esteem, improve communication, social skills, stimulate development and improve their emotional and relationship intelligence. Ultimately, pediatric therapists need appropriate and specialized training and experience to interact with children through appropriate techniques, as well as to train parents in psychological techniques that help influence behavior and outcomes. emotions of their children.
Features of play therapy
Psychological and emotional issues that affect children, just like adults, can impact their lives in different ways, for example on their academic performance, or can lead to behavioral problems.
The advantages of psychological intervention in children are manifold, And many of them are done with techniques such as play therapy, in which the therapist creates a 1 hour protected and structured environment (the therapist acts as a guide) with games and toys, in order to observe the child’s behavior and investigate internal events such as thoughts, feelings and emotions.
Through play therapy, the child finds a means of expression that makes it easier to communicate his problems, concerns, emotions and thoughts without having to directly verbalize the problem as an adult would (sometimes the child is not. not even aware of the “problem”) And without feeling threatened or questioned.
Child therapists use this therapeutic method in different situations, including:
Separations, divorces and family difficulties
- childhood trauma
School bullying and harassment
- Situations of physical and emotional neglect
- cultural changes
- Behavioral and learning disabilities
- Emotional and behavioral difficulties
The benefits of pediatric therapy
Through children’s therapy, children develop social and relationship skills, improve their self-esteem, learn to deal with problems, release tension and, in addition, they have the opportunity to practice tools to improve their emotional well-being and daily life.
Therapeutic play is an ideal way for children to express and control their emotions, and encourages the expression of their concerns, as it gives them the confidence to express their personality and show themselves as they are. In this space, the child finds a connection with his own feelings and improves his emotional awareness of himself. The game offers the advantage of representing real-life situations but of maintaining the emotional distancing that the child does not have in his daily life, allowing him to explore and work on possible solutions without feeling the pressure of the children. consequences of everyday life.
In addition, parents, who are essential figures in the therapeutic process of children, also learn to analyze situations where children have difficulties and learn to intervene in a loving, warm and age-appropriate way, helping them to lead. a more adaptive and healthier life. and a happy life.
When to take my son to the psychologist
Being a father is, without a doubt, one of the best experiences in life; However, it can also be a very stressful and difficult situation when a child is having emotional or psychological difficulties as parents always want what is best for their children and for their healthy development. But, How do you know when it is necessary to take a child to the psychologist?
There are a number of signs that it is time to take a child to pediatric therapy. They are as follows:
- Behavior problems: anger and excessive anger, uncontrolled and intense or frequent reprimands, extreme disobedience, aggressiveness, etc.
- Sleep reconciliation problems, nightmares
- Problems with attention, reading, or language (for example, delay in speaking)
- Hyperactivity and impulsivity
- Poor academic performance
- Sadness, disinterest, degraded mood, excessive drowsiness
- Changes in appetite
- Shyness, withdrawal and social problems
- Lack of appropriate emotional responses
- Sphincter control problems
- Intense and irrational fear
- Repetitive and obsessive behaviors
Where to go to overcome these problems? Mensalus Institute: specialists in infant therapy
From childhood therapy, these problems can be solved with treatment aimed at resolving behavioral disorders in children.
If you are a parent and are concerned about the well-being of your child, you can contact a child psychologist from anywhere in the world. Most psychology clinics in Spain have a multidisciplinary team made up of psychologists, pedagogues, speech therapists, etc., highly specialized in the treatment of different problems that affect children and young people: separations, ADHD, emotional and emotional difficulties, problems of ‘adaptation, learning disorders and difficulties, conduct disorders, sleep disorders, grieving process, dependence on new technologies, among others.
These difficult situations can overwhelm any parent, but this center can offer solutions to improve both you and your child’s happiness.
- If you need a clinic you can trust and want more information on which clinics or centers to visit, consult our directory of psychologists.
- Bjorklund, David F; Blasi, Carlos Hernandez; Ellis, Bruce J (26-10-2015). “Evolutionary Developmental Psychology”. To David M. Buss (ed.). The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. 2nd volume.
- Myers, D. (2008). Exploration of psychology. Worth editors.
- West-Eberhard, Mary Jane (2003). Plasticity and evolution of development. Oxford University Press.
- Yamagata-Lynch, LC (2010). Methods of analyzing activity systems: understanding complex learning environments. New York, New York: Springer Science.