the schizoid disorder belongs to the so-called “group A” (rare or eccentric) personality disorders, and is a rare condition in which people avoid social activities and interaction with other people.
People with this pathology they often appear strange or peculiar, and are often distant and indifferent to social relationships. They are characterized by a preference for solitary activities and rarely express strong emotions. Although schizoid personality disorder resembles schizophrenia, we are dealing with two very different disorders.
What are personality disorders
People with personality disorders exhibit enduring thought and behavior patterns that differ from what society considers normal. The rigidity of your personality can cause anxiety and can also interfere with different areas of a person’s life, including social and professional functioning. People with personality disorders they tend to have poor coping skills and have difficulty forming healthy relationships.
Unlike people with anxiety disorders, who know they have a problem but are unable to control it, people with personality disorders are usually unaware of the problem they are suffering from and often think they don’t. have no problem. Because they don’t know they have a disorder, they usually don’t seek help treating it.
Symptoms of schizoid personality disorder
Symptoms of Schizoid personality disorder it is generally characterized by social isolation and the avoidance of social activities and interpersonal relationships. These people often organize their lives to avoid contact with other people. Many never marry or may continue to live with their parents into adulthood.
other common characteristics of people with this disorder are:
- They don’t want or like close relationships, even with family members
- They choose lonely jobs and activities
- He is not interested in having sexual experiences with other people
- They usually don’t have close friends or people they trust.
- Flattery or criticism of others is indifferent
- Show emotional coldness
Causes of schizoid personality disorder
Little is known about the causes of schizoid personality disorder, however it seems that genetic and environmental factors play an important role in this disorder.
Environment and genetics
On the one hand, many mental health professionals assume that the lack of affection and affection from parents during childhood contributes to the development of the pathology, but the strong presence of the disorder in families with a limb with schizophrenia suggests he may have a remarkable hereditary factor.
Treatment of schizoid personality disorder
As mentioned, people with this disorder rarely seek professional help. In addition, treatment is a challenge for the psychotherapist due to the difficulty of establishing relationships on the part of the patient. This is usually corrected when the therapist shows some distance from him.
Psychotherapy and pharmacological support
This treatment combines psychotherapy with the administration of drugs, usually antipsychotics such as risperidone or olanzapine. In cases where the disorder has comorbidities with disorders such as depression or anxiety, antidepressants or anxiolytics are also usually given.
Acquire social skills
Since these people find it difficult to learn social models quickly, they must acquire specific social skills, For example, explaining certain behaviors that might be considered rude or rude. The psychotherapist can influence the patient to learn to distort their thoughts or perceptions, as well as re-educate them to acquire more adaptive ways of responding and building relationships.
If the disorder is mild to moderate, it could improve quickly. However, in the most delicate and serious cases, the patient may have more difficulty working and living independently. Treatment focuses on improving coping skills, as well as improving social interactions, communication and self-esteem.