Scholequiphobia: symptoms, causes and treatment

While it is true that worms are generally not the animals that enjoy the greatest affection of the human public, these small invertebrates are not dangerous or pose a threat to the person.

However, if the necessary circumstances are given, excessive and irrational fear can develop in these animals. This is known as scoleciphobia. In this article, we’ll describe what it is, along with its symptoms, causes, and existing treatments to combat it.

    What is school schiphobia?

    Scolecophobia presents itself as an excessive, irrational and uncontrollable fear of worms. This condition belongs to the group of anxiety disorders, especially specific phobias.

    Although experiencing an aversive feeling or expressing explicit dissatisfaction with these small living things is very common, when this aversion it becomes a pathological and disabling fear we can speak of schiphobia at school.

    To know the difference between a habitual or ordinary fear and a phobia or a pathological fear, it will be necessary to know what are the direct consequences of this fear on the daily routine of the person who suffers from it.

    This way, if a person feels repulsion or aversion to worms but fails to significantly interfere with their life, they should not be suffering from scolecophobia. However, in the event that he experiences a strong anxiety reaction to the presence of these animals, it will be advisable to consult a professional psychologist.

    To find out exactly whether a fear, in this case fear of worms, has the specific phobia category, it is necessary to review the characteristics of the fear felt by the person. These requirements or qualities of phobic fear are as follows.

    1. It’s disproportionate

    The first point to consider in order to differentiate between a normal fear and a phobic fear of worms is that it must be disproportionate to the actual threat that represents the phobic stimulus.

    The fear reaction to the presence of these invertebrates must be intense and exaggerated, taking into account the real danger they represent for the physical integrity of the person.

    2. It’s irrational

    The person suffering from phobic fear is unable to find a justified and reasonable explanation for their reaction. Likewise, sometimes the person is fully aware of the safety of the phobic stimulus, but you can’t help but generate an anxiety response in front of you.

    3. It’s out of control

    The fear experienced by a person with schiphobia is completely incoherent and, moreover, absolutely uncontrollable. Therefore, the person is unable to produce or eliminate feelings of anxiety and fear.

    These sensations appear automatically and mechanized and will not turn off until the person has successfully escaped or avoided the phobic stimulus.

    his symptoms

    In addition to the characteristics of phobic fear, another dimension that allows us to identify an anxiety disorder are its own symptoms.

    Like other specific anxiety disorders, in schiphobia the person experiences 01:00 Excessive nervousness and anxiety reaction. In this symptomatology, three groups of symptoms are included: physical symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and behavioral symptoms.

    However, and as with a wide variety of psychological ailments and disorders, not all people who have it experience exactly the same symptoms not with the same intensity. But its incidence and the severity of the disorder can vary from person to person.

    Here are the three groups of phobia symptoms and their characteristics.

    1. Physical symptoms

    When the person with scoleciphobia is faced with the presence of the phobic stimulus, the worms in this case, a process of great hyperactivity in the autonomic nervous system begins. This hyperactivity causes a large number of changes in the body, among which we highlight the following.

    • Elevated heart rate.
    • Dizziness and tremors.
    • Feeling of suffocation.
    • Increased levels of sweating.
    • Feeling of pressure in the chest.
    • Feeling anxious and nauseous.
    • Gastrointestinal problems.
    • Feel confused.
    • Chess.

    2. Cognitive symptoms

    The conditioned fear and anxiety response to the appearance of the phobic stimulus is due to the fact that the person, at some point in their life, he made an association of this stimulus with a number of irrational ideas.

    These thoughts, in this case related to worms, stimulate and provide the development and maintenance of the phobia and are characterized by presenting a series of basic ideas little or no at all about worms, their characteristics and peculiarities.

    These thoughts are characterized by the following peculiarities:

    • Obsessive speculations with worms.
    • Intrusive and irrational thoughts and absolutely uncontrollable on the worms.
    • Mental images of a catastrophic nature.
    • Fear of not knowing how to handle the situation and eventually losing control.
    • Feeling unreal.

    3. Behavioral symptoms

    Like other specific phobias and anxiety disorders, scoleciphobia is often accompanied by a large number of reactions or behavioral manifestations that appear in response to the aversive stimulus.

    The purpose of these acts is either to directly avoid encountering the phobic stimulus, or to try to escape, in the event that the person could not avoid the object of the phobia. These early behaviors are known as avoidance behaviors, while the latter refer to escape behaviors.

    Avoidance behaviors they are made with the intention of avoiding encounters with this type of animal. In them the patient performs all kinds of behaviors to avoid the possibility of coinciding with the stimulus object of the phobia. This is to avoid experiencing feelings of distress and anxiety that the worms generate in the person.

    As for the exhaust ductsThese are generated when the person could not avoid encountering the dreaded stimulus, so that he will adopt all kinds of behaviors that will make it easier for him to escape from the current situation as quickly as possible.

      What is the cause?

      Determining the origin of a phobia is an extremely complex task because there is not a single trigger for the disorder. However, there are a number of factors that can facilitate the occurrence of this.

      however, genetic predisposition of the reunited person in the presence of a traumatic event or situation related in one way or another to the worms will, most likely, trigger the onset of the aforementioned phobia.

      Is there a treatment?

      In cases where fear is disabling or interferes with the person’s daily life, treatment for scoleciphobia may be started. Psychotherapy is used in this treatment to modify or eliminate the erroneous thoughts and beliefs that end up causing the remainder of the symptomatology.

      This psychotherapy is accompanied by phobia treatment techniques such as live exposure or systematic desensitization and relaxation training.

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