Strength-based therapy focuses on highlighting and training the positive characteristics of the individual., that is, their skills and abilities so that they can cope with different situations in their life.
This therapy is compatible with other types of interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, has also been shown to be useful for a wide range of subjects, without or with different types of pathology and different ages to increase their self-esteem. and their self-esteem. confidence. functionality in the different contexts of his life.
It is effective as it has been observed if the patient shows a constructive state of mind, they are more likely to highlight their positive skills. Likewise, it is crucial that the subject is seen as a survivor, as someone who overcomes adversity and problems and not as a victim, as the role they play is essential for their behavior to be active.
In this article, we present strength-based therapy, what are its characteristics, what it consists of, how to apply it, what are its goals, what topics it targets and what strategies and techniques are used to improve the patient.
What is strength therapy?
It is common to link psychological therapy with improvement and working on the patient’s symptoms or problems; that is, the difficulties or problems faced by the subject are usually dealt with by focusing on the negative aspects of each individual. It is for this reason, for the way therapy is generally approached on the basis of the negative, that it appeared a new way of dealing with the disorder or working with the patient by focusing on building their capacities and skills.
Thus, through force therapy, a personalized intervention is offered, adapted to each subject in order to be able to work specifically on his most striking skills and thus be able to have a better vision of himself and the environment that surrounds him. .
Objectives of therapy
The goal of therapy is to improve the condition of the working person and improve his strength, so that you know what capacities and skills you have to deal with the different difficulties that may be encountered throughout your life. This therapy is closely related to the concept of resilience, which is understood as the ability of a subject to overcome the various problems that arise and to be able to move forward, developing and leading a functional life despite the adversities of its environment.
That is, the idea will be conceived and transmitted to the patient who is a survivor, a person who has overcome his difficulties and not as a victim. This denomination, which may not seem more important, can affect the way in which the subject perceives or confronts the problem, because often the role that we play, the role that we are given or chosen, will be relevant or fundamental in determining what will be our performance.
If we are defined as a victim, we are likely to feel weaker, more passive, and less likely to improve our situation; on the other hand, presenting oneself as a survivor, as a fighter, increases our sense of strength and we see ourselves better able to overcome any difficult situation.
It will also work for the person to develop a mentality of strength, because this is how he manages to focus and face life taking into account his abilities and positive traits, on the contrary, if his mentality is weak, she tends to develop a way of managing by focusing on their flaws and shortcomings.
We therefore know that the mentality manifested by the subject, whether positive or negative, it will influence his way of thinking, his perception of himself and of others, and his way of acting. Thus, the goal of therapy is to emphasize and emphasize the patient’s positive thoughts, focusing on their positive qualities, rather than working on the negative thoughts.
It is very important that the treatment that the therapist has with each patient is individualized and that, therefore, it is taken into account what is best for each according to his characteristics and not for the disorder he presents. The important thing is to work on the abilities that stand out in each subject regardless of the alteration they have, because obviously each person is different and therefore the techniques that work well for one may not work with another. for more who have the same diagnosis.
Which patients can receive this therapy
It has been shown that the group of people who can benefit from this type of therapy is large and varied, in other words, it is not aimed at specific topics, but can be used with almost any individual. Therefore, has been shown to be effective as an intervention for people with low self-esteem, even if they are no longer affected..
But it is also useful in the treatment of patients with more serious conditions such as major depression, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety in order to improve their quality of life, increase their self-confidence. and their self-confidence and live more suited to their lifestyle. conditions without their diagnosis causing them more stress.
too much it has been found to be useful for people of all ages, the important thing will be to adapt the techniques and the intervention to the characteristics of each one. The same will happen with the number of people to be treated, because in addition to individual therapy, it has also been helpful to treat couples and families.
How to apply strength-based therapy
While posing and focusing on a different point of view than usual in psychological therapy, giving more importance to positive characteristics and thoughts, this does not mean that it is contrary or incompatible with more common therapies such as cognitive behavioral. In this way, it can be used in a complementary way to make the work more comprehensive and therefore to benefit the patient more.
Another key aspect of how to apply or approach the intervention is that the subject is active, that is, he works with the therapist to find out what his skills and abilities are and how they are can be improved to be useful in different situations and problems. that will arise in his life.
Techniques used in this type of therapy
We now know that strength-based therapy has been shown to be effective not only as a sole therapy, but also used in a complementary way with other treatments, to improve self-esteem, self-confidence and strengthen our skills. forces to better cope with the different events of life, let’s see what techniques or how this therapy poses.
In this way, the first step or technique will be for each person to identify what are their strengths, strengths, abilities, we all have positive characteristics, skills, positive beliefs that we can promote. Having a diagnosis does not mean the patient lacks the skills and limit yourself to this problem. The therapist will help the patient to verbalize and be more aware of the positive things and aspects of him and his life, as coping with therapy will be crucial.
Once we have investigated the strengths, we ask what are the goals or objectives that the subject has, that he wants to achieve, because according to his objectives we propose the line of work, the change to be made so that the subject manages to develop and overcome any difficulties that arise.
If we are aware of our capabilities and strengths, it will be easier for us to find the solution, how to deal with the different problems that arise. A technique or strategy commonly used in strength therapy is raise the different circumstances both positive and negative in the form of a question, that is to say to train the questioning, so that the patient can use it in his daily life and that it is easier for him to understand, to become aware and to know how he can act.
Presented as a question about the different situations and the different objectives of the subject, it is a useful way for the patient to see more clearly how to proceed, to select the best alternative or the force that works best with this circumstance and in order not to not get stuck in trouble.
Finally, another strategy that has been helpful is having a notebook in which to write down everyone’s strengths, as well as situations where they were reflected in their actions. In this way, by keeping this record, the person will be much more aware of all the abilities and skills that they have, when they have used them and under what circumstances they can use them, being more likely to use them and not. forget them. . .