Currently, one of the main issues we address in our consultation is the so-called burnout or stress at work. Therefore, we will try to think about what it consists of, what consequences it usually involves and how we can cope with it.
Stress at work: what it is and possible causes
We tend to think of stress equals workload and that always means discomfort, but it’s not exactly like that. What we mean by stress doesn’t have to be a negative thingIn some ways, it can activate us and allow us to function better.
On the other hand, what we usually mean by stress with negative connotations usually happens when there is an imbalance between the tasks that we have to do or that we ask of us and our possibilities, that is – to say that we do not feel capable of responding to certain requests. . This is why in the work environment it is very common for this type of discomfort to occur.
In addition, stress at work it is usually associated with other factors which in turn cause it indirectly, Such as the following.
- Poor work environment or social relationship at work that involves an emotional burden.
- Feeling alone at work or not having a social relationship.
- Lack of control over own work, i.e. if the tasks you perform depend on other people, if you do not have decision-making power over schedules, tasks, etc.
- Overload of tasks for the time available, and even more if it requires “bringing work home”. This job taking too long in your life is usually the most common factor associated with stress at work.
- Blurry tasks and vague goals.
- Differences between its own values and those of the company.
- Little reinforcement from peers and / or superiors.
- Competitive environment.
Dysfunctional leadership style of superiors (they can be either very authoritarian, or on the contrary very passive and without imposing any obligations, generate ambivalence, etc.).
- Suffer from threats of dismissal or similar.
- Work in precarious conditions and / or in case of urgent economic need.
- Developing a job that is too difficult without prior training or on the contrary too easy for the person, or too monotonous.
- Complaints or continuous requests from colleagues and / or superiors.
- Not feeling professionally developed, which is often accompanied by the development of tasks that are not his own.
There may be other additional causess depending on the context in which you are working.
How does a person who suffers from stress at work feel?
Stress at work it usually shows up with one or all of the following symptoms.
- Increased irritability
Insomnia or other sleep disturbances
- gastrointestinal discomfort
- Demotivation towards employment or even towards leisure activities
- Physical, mental and emotional exhaustion which can lead the person to listlessness and even a depressed mood.
- Decreased defenses and, as a possible consequence, propensity to contract various diseases.
- Learned helplessness (learning that what happens to us cannot be changed, that we cannot do anything).
- Feeling of boredom and / or depersonalization
- Anxiety, which can result in continued nervousness and be accompanied by occasional anxiety attacks.
- Family and social issues, which are usually related to the person’s change in mood and lack of time spent with the nearest circle.
How can we get rid of this problem?
If you have detected that you are suffering from stress at work, it is very important and necessary to seek psychological help because, while wanting to stop this stress is a big step, wanting to do it alone and not knowing how it can generate more frustration and be another additional burden.
Also, deciding, for example, to give up certain tasks or to change jobs, is something that is often difficult to accomplish without undergoing even more stress. For this and other reasons, having a psychologist accompany you on this path is essential.
In psychotherapy, we assess, exactly, what are the reasons for this stress, because it is not the same thing to manage a bad work environment or an inappropriate leadership style by the superior, not to have free time.
Once the patient has been detected and assessed and why, tools are provided. for:
- Eliminate symptoms of stress
- Engage in behaviors that can be beneficial to you, such as considering eliminating certain tasks, changing jobs, talking to your boss, getting more rest, etc.
- Change irrational thoughts about the situation you are experiencing, for example those of guilt, anger and frustration, etc.
In other words, we work at a triple level, at a physiological level (reduction of anxiety, irritability, depression …) at a cognitive level, and at a behavioral level (what can we do) I do to change what happens to me?).
If you want more information on stress at work or want to share your experience, please write to us at [email protected]