Telephone eschatology: types, symptoms and features of this paraphilia

The phone rings, let’s run for it. By removing it, we bring it closer to our ear and wait for them to tell us who it is.

“Say?” we say. “What are you wearing?” a grim voice tells us. “Excuse me? What are you saying?” we answer. “What are you wearing? Are you wearing panties?” We hung up the phone with disgusted faces and with a little less faith in humanity.

Telephone eschatology is a paraphilic disorder in which, whoever presents it, likes to call people and make comments that could not be considered precisely romantic without prior agreement. Below, we’ll take a closer look at this paraphilic behavior.

    Telephone eschatology

    Telephone eschatology, also called telephone eschatophilia and phoneophilia, is a paraphilia in which the person who has it is the need to make sexually explicit calls to a victim who has not given consent, With both the private number and the number visible. This behavior appears to be closely related to other paraphilic disorders, such as voyeurism and exhibitionism.

    As with other paraphilias, it is not the act itself that is inappropriate, but the fact that it is doing it with someone who has not consented. NOTor it’s a simple sex game, How come someone called her partner and said phrases like “what are you wearing”, but what she is saying has no real relation to the person answering on the phone and make sexual comments that she did not ask for.

    The call can become very uncomfortable and disturbing for anyone who picks up the phoneAs the person who is an eschatologist on the phone can make really nasty comments to her, with sexually explicit language and sexual moans. He may even threaten to tell her that he knows where she lives, even if he doesn’t, and that he raped her. This type of behavior is harassment and can therefore be considered a crime.

    Usually, what is recommended for those who receive this type of call is to simply hang up and report the fact to the telephone company and / or the police, who will more easily find where the call is coming from. . However, many of those who make such calls do so from booths or prepaid cell phones, in which case it is not possible to identify who made the call with a simple trace.

    diagnostic classification

    Currently telephone eschatology is included in the category of other paraphilic disorders specific to DSM-5. Although it does not have an exclusive entry for it, unlike paraphilias such as exhibitionism, fetishism, frotteurism or sexual masochism, it is considered to be a more common paraphilic disorder than necrophilia, zoophilia and clismaphilia, paraphilias that are grouped together in other paraphilic disorders.

    However, the possibility that this paraphilic disorder is more common than originally thought has been considered, towards the possibility of adding its own diagnostic category in future DSM examinations. A test of them are the surveys of women in which many say they have received calls of an unwanted sexual nature sometimes in life, counting cases by the thousands.

    In most cases, the victim is a woman and the stalker is a man. The bully prefers a heterosexual relationship, although that does not mean that there are no gay bullies or women who harass men, although this is a fairly rare thing to do.


    The prevalence of telephone eschatology is unknown. Although research has been done in which men were openly asked if they had practiced it, with percentages between 6 and 20%, it must be said that their “confession” is not synonymous with the presence of this paraphilia. . In many cases, the calls for sexual content were, in fact, bad taste or one-time jokes, which is not a sufficient test for diagnosing telephone eschatology.

    In cases where it has been possible to ascertain that the patient has this paraphilia, it has been seen that there is a strong comorbidity with others such as compulsive masturbation, voyeurism, phone sex addiction (Hotline calling) and exhibitionism. In fact, telephone eschatologists are said to be the people with paraphilic disorders who are diagnosed with the most paraphilias.

    It has been suggested that the connection between this paraphilia and others, such as exhibitionism, demonstrates the person’s attempts expressing aggression, demonstrating power and control, or gaining recognition. However, and unlike classic exhibitionists, telephone eschatologists prefer complete anonymity.

      Types of telephone eschatologists

      Since this is a paraphilia that is still the subject of further research and which, to date, does not have its own entry in DSM-5, the typologies that have been proposed for telephone eschatology are provisional. Also, among all, that of Dr. BT Mead in 1975, which was considered one of the landmarks of the disease. In his original proposal, Mead spoke of three types of telephone eschatologists.

      type 1

      In this category would be the telephone eschatologists who, when called, they make indecent proposals from the start, Being mainly teenagers. We can consider cases that are not yet pathological, but rather sexually uncontrolled young people who make jokes in bad taste and who in another context would not feel the need to feel arousal.

      type 2

      In this group they include eschatologists who when they call start in a friendly and flattering manner, Posing in front of the victim as they have a mutual friend. Gradually the conversation escalates and they start to become more offensive and sexually suggestive.

      type 3

      In this type are included the eschatologists who could be considered as engalipadores, that is to say, who use a ploy at the start of the conversation to prevent the victim from hanging up or suspecting anything.

      They begin by saying that they are conducting a telephone survey or working on an opinion piece, with the clear intention of being able to discuss personal matters with the victim. As with type 2, those of type 3 make the conversation increasingly sexual, obscene and uncomfortable.

      type 4

      While Mead’s original typology has three typologies, the Matek ordinance includes a fourth. Type 4 telephone eschatologists include men who they call crisis helplines, such as the suicide or hope line, with the intention of seeking help from female volunteers. As with the rest of the categories, they end up talking about sex by masturbating until the person on the other end of the line ends the call.

      the theories

      It has been argued that the common characteristics of people making such calls are have low self-esteem and feel angry towards women. Telephone eschatology has also been linked to brain damage, intellectual disability, substance poisoning and psychosis.

      Likewise, more sophisticated theories have been proposed as to why there are people who have such a criminal and non-addictive way of behaving sexually. Among the theories is the proposal of Kurt Freund, Czech-Canadian sex therapist who wrote several articles explaining the behavior of these people. Freund asserted that telephone eschatology can be linked to the intronons of the entourage.

      According to Freund, the procession in the human species takes place in four phases:

      • Location of the couple
      • pre-touch interactions
      • touch interactions
      • Union genital

      It would be in the second phase, that is, that of pre-tactile interactions, in which alterations would occur in people with this type of paraphilia, which would lead to the so inappropriate sexual behavior that characterizes it.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Abel, GG, Becker, JV, Cunningham-Rathner, J., Mittelman, M. and Rouleau, JL (1988). Multiple paraphilic diagnoses in sex offenders. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 16. 153-168.
      • Bradford, JMW, Boulet, J. and Pawlak, A. (1992). Paraphilias: a multiplicity of deviant behaviors. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 104-108.
      • Dalby, JT (1988). Is telephone eschatology a variant of exhibitionism? International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 32, 45-50.
      • Kafka, parliamentarian (2010). DSM diagnostic criteria for paraphilia are not specified elsewhere. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 373-376.
      • Kafka, MP and Hennen, J. (1999). Paraphilic-related disorders: an empirical investigation of non-paraphilic hypersexuality disorders in 206 outpatients. Journal of Sexual and Matrimonial Therapy, 25, 305-319.
      • Krueger, RB and Kaplan, MS (2000). The non-violent delinquent: exhibitionism, rubbing and telephone eschatology. In LB Schlesinger (Ed.), Serial Criminals: Current Thought, Recent Findings (pp. 103-118). Boca Raton, Fla .: CRC Press.
      • Kaur, AA and Pankaj, G. (2009). Telephone eschatology: an auditory assault. Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 9 (2), 87-91.
      • Matek, O. (1988). Obscene telephone operators. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 7, 113-130.
      • Mead, BT (1975). How to Handle Obscene Phone Calls Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 9, 127-128.
      • Money, J. (1986). Lovemaps: clinical concepts of health and sexual / erotic pathology, paraphilia and gender transposition in childhood, adolescence and maturity. New York: Irvington.
      • Price, M., Kafka, M., Commons, ML, Gutheil, TG and Simpson, W. (2002). Telephone eschatology: comorbidity with other paraphilias and paraphilia-related disorders. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 25, 37-49.

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