We live in a society where the physical prevails, where we are valued for our physical appearance.
We are continually exposed to media that use advertising to establish certain canons about what is beautiful and what is not, also promoted by the catwalk world, which often shows an unreal image of women, but also of men. .
The physique and appearance: a pathogenic concern
It all caused this concern for physical appearance is one of the great scourges of modern times. While this fixation for beauty was once attributed as something more common among women, the truth is that there are also a lot of men who live by the scale marker or the proportion of their features.
What are the most common eating disorders?
This obsession with physical attractiveness can become a serious problem for our mental and physical health, especially when it comes to eating disorders. Today we will see what are the main eating disorders and what are their main characteristics and the dangers they represent for our health.
1. Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by sudden and significant weight loss, Place this below healthy minimums. This low weight is the effect of a pathological behavior of the affected person, who carries out a thorough control over food intake, for his fear of gaining weight and for a severe distortion of his body image, associated with low self-esteem. self.
People with anorexia eat very little and use certain rituals and mechanisms to keep from gaining weight. They only consume a few foods, which leads to a severe deficiency of vitamins, minerals and macronutrients, which ends up seriously affecting their physical health.
It is a disorder closely related to the obsession with the physique and a slim figure. They can stop eating, take certain remedies to make them less hungry, or take laxatives to lose weight quickly. This eating disorder is often experienced by teenage girls, although in recent times the cases of adult women and even men with the condition have increased.
- A little more information: “Anorexia could have a genetic origin”
2. Bulimia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by frequent binge eating. During these attacks, people with bulimia ingest a large amount of food uncontrollably and then perform purging rituals to avoid gaining weight. These can be caused by vomiting, exercising for many hours, not eating, or using diuretics and laxatives.
This disease is also more common in women than in men and usually begins in adolescence. The person suffering from bulimia is fully aware that his eating behavior is pathological.
On the causes of bulimia it has been studied extensively and yet there are no clear conclusions. It is often said that there are both genetic and psychological, familial and / or cultural factors that could make some individuals more prone than others.
- Find out more: “Bulimia nervosa: binge eating disorder”
Orthorexia is a change in eating behavior that is affecting more and more people. orthorexia is characterized by a pathological obsession with healthy eating. These are people who choose the foods they are going to eat very carefully, they have meticulous control over the components of everything they eat and over the preparation of the food.
This obsession can lead to really unhealthy control over ingredients, cooking methods … It is often said that people who develop orthorexia are the ones who gradually begin to become obsessed with food. At first, they may avoid eating foods such as red meat or sugars, and gradually develop their “obsessions”.
- Find out more: “Orthorexia, the obsession with healthy foods”
Vigor is a disorder that involves not only an eating disorder but also vigor, also known as Adonis syndrome or reverse anorexia. Vigor is the obsession with showing prodigious muscles and a strong physique.
In this obsession, the affected person is afraid of seeing too weak or thin, and for this reason they exercise their body in gyms in order to increase their muscle mass. In addition, they ingest supplements such as proteins and anabolics which help them to become more and more muscular.
Permarexy is an eating disorder that has recently appeared and is starting to worry health authorities. permarexia consists of obsession with dieting and dieting constantly.
People with this eating disorder constantly follow strict diets to lose weight, have bad habits and irrational eating behaviors. Permarexia itself is not considered a disorder, but it is considered a risky behavior that can be the prelude to serious illnesses such as bulimia or anorexia.
It’s important to stay well hydrated, and drinking water is one of those universal recommendations that we all try to follow. Drink two liters of water a day, as the doctor tells us.
Being hydrated makes our skin healthier and aids digestion and fat loss, but there are people who go beyond the limits of this practice. And yes, drinking lots of water is a harmful habit for our health. This excessive fluid intake is often referred to as potomania or hydrolexy, and is an eating disorder that it involves ingesting a large amount of water, even if you are not thirsty.
Drinking too much water can compromise our body functions as it saturates the function of our kidneys and alters the normal components of the blood, among other things.
Pregorexia is an eating disorder typical of some pregnant women. These women in a state of good hope they stop eating what is necessary for the fetus to develop without problems, and they usually have a very intense diet and exercise routines. in order to maintain a slim silhouette.
This disorder, similar to anorexia (although less severe), is experienced by women who, being pregnant, have an intense fear of gaining weight during the nine months of pregnancy. Something that is biologically impossible and that can endanger the health of the baby on the way.
It is fairly studied that women who suffer from pregorexia have a history related to anorexia. But it also happens, sometimes, that women who develop pregorexia end up suffering from anorexia.
Other factors that would cause pregorexia would be perfectionism, emotional stickiness, and low self-esteem.
- Find out more: “Pregorexia: pregnant women who do not want to gain weight”
Itching is an eating disorder that affects some children. It is characterized by uncontrollable desire of the little ones in the house to ingest non-nutritious substances or objects, Like dirt, ants, baking soda, glue, insects, paper, small pieces of plastic or wood … These are all objects and things that, in principle, have no food value and is probably not recommended to eat.
Pica is linked to children with cognitive difficulties and other developmental disabilities.
Manorexia is an eating disorder that has some similarities to anorexia and stamina. Manorexia is sometimes referred to as “male anorexia,” although this is a simplification as it has its own symptoms. People with this disorder they have a real fear gain weight, which leads them to overexert their bodies and always follow unhealthy diets and fasting.
It is a disease that has been particularly represented in men working in the fashion industry and in sports where a very light figure is required, such as horse racing.
Drunkenness, also known as drunkenness, is an eating disorder that has exploded in adolescents and young adults. This is the practice of stopping eating to counter the excess calories produced by large amounts of alcohol that they consume for several days.
Eriorexia is a very bad habit for a person’s mental and physical health, as it is a midpoint between anorexia nervosa and alcohol addiction.
- American Psychiatric Association -APA- (2014). DSM-5. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Madrid: Panamericana.
- National Institute for Excellence in Health and Care (2004). Eating Disorders: Health interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and related eating disorders. London: National Institute for Excellence in Health and Care.
- Rosen, DS (2003). Identify and treat eating disorders. Pediatrics; 111: pages 204 to 211.
- Roda, JG (2006). Eating Disorders in Men: Four Clinical Subtypes. Catalan Society of Psychiatry, 35 (3), 352-361.
- Stoppler, MC (2008). Drunkenness, manorexia, diabulimia: new eating disorders. MedicineNet.