When we talk about anxiety we usually think of it as accelerated behavior on the part of people, but in reality the acceleration is in the person’s thoughts, and not necessarily in their behavior.
The thought of the anxious subject always precedes reality, anticipating facts in a negative way. Subject thinks things will turn out badly for them before they even start to do them.
In this article we will talk about the physical symptoms of anxietyIn other words, we will look at the main complications that this behavior can bring to our body and we will review some of the most effective treatments for these cases.
What are the main physical symptoms of anxiety?
As we have already mentioned, anxiety can lead to certain complications on the physical level in those who suffer from it. Let’s see what these symptoms are.
These are unintentional in nature and usually present when the subject is about to start an activity that increases their stress level.
A good example is when the person has to speak in public or with someone who has a particular interest.
2. Excessive sweating
When anxiety reaches high levels, the central nervous system (CNS) begins to work exacerbated in the body, generating a series of reactions that are beyond voluntary control. One of these reactions is excessive sweating, especially on the hands, feet, forehead and armpits.
3. Cardiac arrhythmias
Tachycardia is the most common cardiac arrhythmia that occurs with physical symptoms of anxiety. Heartbeats tend to accelerate irregularly when the individual is exposed to a situation that triggers the anxiety state.
4. Accelerated breathing
Another characteristic symptom in these cases is the increased respiratory rate (tachypnea). When this happens, the person he could start taking deep breaths through his mouth with agitation.
5. Muscle tension
When anxiety is persistent and intense, the muscles are loaded with tension and when discomfort occurs in a specific muscle region of the body.
These discomforts usually occur in the back, neck and shoulders.
Headaches are a very characteristic symptom of anxiety, especially tension headaches. These are caused, among other things, by excessive muscle tension in the neck area.
7. Dry mouth
Sometimes while the person is doing an activity in which they are uncomfortable or not sufficiently prepared, the glands in charge of the salivation contract, Causing temporary dryness of the mouth.
These occur especially when the anxiety is intense, when the person feels that they no longer tolerate continuing to exercise the activity that generates the discomfort; then dizziness appears, which may be accompanied by other physical symptoms of anxiety.
9. Frequent urination
It is nothing more than the frequent need to urinate, caused by anxiety and muscle tension. For example, a frequency as high as waiting for the results of an exam could trigger this symptom in the subject.
10. Abdominal discomfort
Abdominal discomfort is a classic feature of people with anxiety, especially pain in this area occurs in children when they are under high emotional pressure.
In children, anxiety is more common than previously thought, especially because in the early stages of development it becomes difficult to clearly explain emotions. But also in adults, it is one of the physical symptoms of anxiety, associated with difficulty digesting food in this state of activation.
To combat the physical repercussions of anxiety, keep these basic ideas in mind.
1. Respiratory techniques
Breathe in and out in a controlled manner it’s very useful. We take the air through our nose and carry it to our lungs, leave it there for about 15 seconds, then gently let it out through the mouth. In iron it is a lot and, leading to breathing with the diaphragm, that is, the muscle that sits just below the lungs. You will know if you are okay if your stomach area expands much more than your chest inhaling.
Mindfulness is a set of mindfulness techniques that are very helpful in dealing with anxiety. It is inspired by Vipassana meditation own Buddhism and Hinduism, but in this case we are talking about a non-religious therapeutic procedure, but modeled by scientific research in the field of psychology.
3. Practice activities that encourage our concentration
Placing an object on the television while it is on and keeping our attention on that object as long as possible, avoiding being distracted by programming is an exercise to strengthen our level of concentration.
We can also make letter soups, crossword puzzles or learn to play chess. But it is important that while we are doing these activities we don’t think we have to do it right, the idea is focus more on the process than the result.
4. Attend therapy
In the event that our anxiety level does not decrease despite the implementation of the recommended techniques, the ideal will be to attend psychotherapy sessions. so that the psychologist can make the necessary assessment and intervention.
In cases where medication is needed, the patient is referred to the psychiatrist who is the one who prescribes the medication and indicates the respective doses. The follow-up of the case will be done jointly, the psychologist will take care of the emotional part of the subject, while the psychiatrist will take care of the clearly organic part.
- Cap A., Giannuzzi R., Sollazzo, F., Petrongolo, L., Bernardini, L., Daini, S. (2013). Psychiatric emergencies (part I): psychiatric disorders which cause organic symptoms. European journal of medical and pharmacological sciences. 17 Suppl 1: 55-64.
- Thomas, B., Hardy, S., Cutting, P., eds. (1997). Mental Health Nursing: Principles and Practice. London: Mosby.
- Waszczuk, MA; Zavos, HMS; Gregory, AM; Eley, TC (2014). The phenotypic and genetic structure of symptoms of depression and anxiety disorder in childhood, adolescence and youth. JAMA Psychiatry. 71 (8): pages 905 to 916.