The functioning of our nervous system is complex enough to give rise, on certain occasions when something is not working properly, to all kinds of syndromes hard to believe.
Although the brain gives us a unitary and meaningful conception of reality, certain alterations can sometimes cause the total disruption of our way of perceiving things without our even realizing it. This list with the rarer mental syndromes it serves as an example to test to what extent our nervous system is able to enter into a negative dynamic without ceasing to function.
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10 rare mental syndromes
In turn, the knowledge and study of these rare syndromes can help to understand that pathological cases cannot be labeled simply with the label “insanity” and that in them there are underlying rules and regulations which can. be studied to improve the social integration and the lives of these people.
1. Glass illusion
In the so-called cultural syndromes we can find some of the most curious cases of rare mental syndromes. Among them it can be named the glass illusion.
People who suffer from this psychiatric disorder they believe that they are made of this fragile material and therefore can be broken with the slightest blow. Although they have many reasons and reasons to believe that their body is normal, they are not able to let go of this totally irrational belief.
This syndrome was much more common a few centuries ago, and most cases occurred between the 15th and 18th centuries. In fact, Miguel de Cervantes used a protagonist affected by this rare syndrome in his exemplary novels, especially in The Vidriera graduate. However, at present, they have been able to observe a few isolated cases of glass illusion.
2. Cotard syndrome
If it is considered one of the rarest mental syndromes, it is precisely because it is difficult to explain in words how people who suffer from it feel.
People with Cotard syndrome they believe they are dead or belong to a plane of reality that does not correspond to that of other people and objects. Classically, these people deny the existence of their body as something alive or belonging to the same category of their mind. Thus, they may believe that their flesh is rotting, that their internal organs are disappearing, or that they themselves have ceased to exist figuratively.
Let’s dive into this strange syndrome: “Cotard syndrome: living people who believe themselves dead”
3. Bálint syndrome
A rare syndrome in which the patient he undergoes serious alterations in the processing of the images he sees and in the coordination of his movements.
More specifically, three categories of symptoms have been described: inability to process images as a whole, problems with the coordination of arm movements depending on what is seen, and problems with moving the eyes. This means, for example, that a person with Bálint syndrome you will be able to see a person if you have them nearby, but you will not know if they are next to you or a few feet away, on the other side of a window, because you will not be able to see the image as a all but each of its parts separately.
Likewise, you will only be able to hold an object in your hand that you see after many attempts and thanks largely to chance.
4. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
Like the protagonist of Lewis Carroll’s novel, people with this rare syndrome they undergo alterations in space-time… or at least that’s what’s going on in his consciousness.
They may believe that certain objects are much larger or smaller than they actually are, or that time ceases to be governed by their traditional rules in certain places or at certain times.
5. Anton syndrome
the Anton syndrome is a variant of cortical blindness in which the patient acts as if he can see.
While their eyes are functioning well and their pupils are responding to changes in light, the back of the brain (occipital lobes) does not function well and the data from the optic nerves fails to process itself to form an image, which cannot ” prevent certain areas of the brain from acting as if this information reaches them
Consequently, people with this rare syndrome deny evidence that they can’t see anything, Which leads them to formulate all kinds of explanations to justify their continuing pitfalls and their errors in detecting people and objects.
6. Capgras syndrome
One of the rarest syndromes since it affects the subjective and emotional aspects of how we react to the presence of others.
People who experience delirium of Capgras they believe that some people, usually friends or relatives, have been replaced by impostors, although there is no objective reason to support such a hypothesis. In this way, they are able to recognize the body, face and dress of, say, their own father, but they will deny that their identity is true and react hostile to their vision.
It is a syndrome related to prosopagnosia, although the latter has a cognitive component.
7. Alien hand syndrome
In people with Alien hand syndrome, Affected people see how one of his hands seems to be acting on his ownWithout the consciousness itself having a role in the delimitation of the intentions and movements of this part of the body.
This is often accompanied by the feeling that the hand does not belong to yourself, but to some other strange entity. These symptoms are part of a very rare neurological disease, but curiously appeared in the movie Dr. Strangelove, in which Peter Sellers played an antagonist, the hand seemed to take on a life of its own, which led to this set of symptoms. is frequently referred to as Dr. Strange Love Syndrome.
8. Othello syndrome
This is another of those rare syndromes in which delusions and strange ideas about everyday reality take center stage.
Specifically, people who experience the Othello syndrome they believe that their partners are unfaithful to them, and for that they rely on the strangest assumptions and the most insignificant details. It may sound like a caricature of an extreme case of jealousy, but the truth is that it is a psychopathology with very serious consequences both for the person suffering from it and for their immediate environment.
9. Münchhausen syndrome
People with this syndrome they pretend to be sick so that others can take care of them. In some cases, they can even inflict all kinds of wounds and injuries to become patients.
This behavior is part of the need to take on the role of someone who is in constant need of special care, and all through pathological lies.
10. Fregoli syndrome
One of the rarest mental syndromes is Fregoli syndrome, In which the patient he believes that different people are, in fact, one.
In other words, he feels that one or more people have the opportunity to change their appearance to meet him in different costumes. With Fregoli syndrome comes paranoid thoughts and persecutory manias that stem from this strange sensation.