Sleeping is an act that we do every day with absolute naturalness. But for some people, sleep becomes a difficult situation, because during the night their disorders appear, some extremely serious.
The strangest sleep disorders
In previous articles, we have talked about the 7 psychological signs that show you have slept more and a general introduction to sleep disorders.
Today, we are dealing with sleep pathologies which, either because of their frequency or because of their symptoms, are stranger.
1. Sexomni (sexual somnambulism)
the sexomni It is a sleep disorder that causes they experience sexual arousal and even orgasms while sleeping. Some experts consider it to be a variation of classic sleepwalking. In some cases, those who suffer from it are aware of their behavior before seeking help, but do nothing about it for fear of what they think of them.
This pathology was confirmed by researchers who came to make videos of patients with this disorder, and unusual brain activity was observed during the events. Sexomnia is a serious pathology for those who suffer from it and for their partners.
2. REM sleep disorder
the REM sleep behavior disorder or rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is characterized by the loss of the usual paralysis during the REM phase of sleep, causing it to act freely during dreaming.
The person suffering from this disorder can end up behaving very violently and in some cases even injuring themselves and the person with whom they share the bed. To treat this disorder, they usually give anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drugs. Although he usually prescribes clonazepam which, although it is an anxiolytic, has anticonvulsant effects.
3. Sleep bruxism
Sleep bruxism is a disorder that is characterized by the presence of involuntary movements of rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (How to saw or slide the teeth) and the phenomena of micro-awakening.
This disorder can lead to serious dental problems, facial pain or headaches, in addition to serious chronic problems. Many people with this disorder don’t know it, and only 5-10% develop symptoms of jaw or head pain.
4. Periodic limb movement disorder
the periodic movement disorder of a limb (PLMD) is similar to restless legs syndrome, characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move while resting. People often describe strange sensations, such as burnt limbs or climbing insects on the inside of their legs.
Eighty percent of people who suffer from restless leg syndrome suffer from this disorder. PLMD can present with symptoms in any of the four limbs. Treatment includes anticonvulsant drugs and benzodiazepines.
5. Night terrors
the night terror is an arousal parasomnia characterized by a extreme terror and temporary disqualification to regain consciousness. Many may think that night terrors are the same as nightmares, but the latter occur entirely in the REM phase of sleep and produce full awakening. On the other hand, during night terrors, it is almost impossible to wake the subject.
In fact, when you wake up, you can continue to sleep for 10 to 20 minutes. This disorder can be very harmful to the subject, who can be traumatized or can injure themselves or very seriously injure others.
If you would like to explore this topic further, in our article “Night terrors: sleep panic”, we explain this sleep disorder in detail.
6. Disorder by wake cycle different from 24 hours
This strange disorder consists of a pathology of the circadian rhythm in which the person’s body clock is out of sync with the 24-hour daily cycleSimply put, the individual’s body does not recognize the sleep-wake cycle as well. therefore, the person fails to adjust to a regular sleep pattern.
If left untreated, it changes a person’s sleep and wake cycle every day, leading to serious health problems. Research suggests that most blind people, who cannot perceive light, can suffer from this disorder, in addition to having the sleep problems that characterize it.
7. Sleep apnea
the Sleep Apnea is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. The break does not last long and the individual returns to normal breathing with a loud snoring. It occurs in the REM phase and goes into light sleep, which prevents the person from getting adequate rest.
People who suffer from this disorder are not aware of having difficulty breathing while sleeping, so they often find people close to them. It can take years, even decades, before it is diagnosed.
8. Kleine-Lane syndrome
the Kleine-Lane syndrome or sleeping beauty syndrome is a strange neurological type syndrome characterized by the need for excess sleep, sometimes even 20 hours a day. These symptoms are often accompanied by excessive food intake and excessive sexual desire (hypersexuality), compulsive behaviors, and neglect of personal hygiene.
There is no specific treatment for this disorder, but they usually use stimulant drugs like amphetamines or methylphenidate to treat excess sleep. Sometimes, due to the similarity of this disorder to other mood disorders, lithium and carbamazepine may be used.
the somniloquy, Noctilalia is a disorder that it is characterized because the person who suffers from it speaks when they sleep. He can speak very loudly, whether saying words or uttering long sentences, and people listening may not be able to understand what the person is saying.
Although sleep is very common, chronic sleepiness in adults is considered a sleep disorder and is believed to be the product of prolonged exposure to stress, physical and mental fatigue, or high levels of stress. .
the narcolepsy is a disorder characterized by the person with this psychopathology has sudden episodes of sleep during waking hours, And can fall asleep for 2 to 5 minutes anywhere.
Narcoleptics wake up feeling empty. It can happen anywhere: the movie queue, talking to oo while walking. These individuals do not dream of slow waves and go directly into the REM phase. For its treatment is usually provided a drug called Xyrem, better known as liquid ecstasy or GHB.