Passing exams means for many people to make a dream come true. However, the road to a place is, in most cases, a nightmare.
Opposing is a difficult race in which not only will it be enough to devote time to study and effort, but the biggest obstacle will be the psychological factor. In addition to this, during the process everything should be taken into account a number of variables that will contribute to this emergence of psychological problems (Social isolation, reduced activities and leisure time or lack of sleep, among others).
Why can they affect oppositions on a psychological level?
The opposition student has to devote many hours of study per day to a very broad subject, over long periods of time, which can sometimes be extended for years. In addition, the pace of studies is generally marked by an academy or a demanding trainer, in the face of great competition between peers and therefore strong pressure.
Sometimes it is added that there is not even an exam date, which means that the organization and management of time for studying is not clear, affecting the motivation of the student. All of this translates into this, on a psychological level, the person will be exposed to high levels of stress for long periods of time.
On the other hand, the person who opposes is subjected to a loss of what in psychology is called “reinforcers”. Or, to put it another way, we could say that the person is exposed to a significant loss of motivation. Reinforcers are all of those things that generate pleasant emotions, make us feel good, and motivate us to keep doing what we’re doing.
Each person has different enhancers depending on their preferences and tastes. However, one could say, in general, that the reinforcers that an opponent will often lose will be: social contact, hobbies and activities, hobbies, sports, vacations, rest, etc. The loss of reinforcers has been psychologically linked to decreased mood and experiencing negative emotions.
In addition, for the opponents who decide to devote themselves fully to the study, the oppositions they will pose an economic challenge for an indefinite period, Thus generating a feeling of constant pressure.
Finally, the dynamics of the exam exam, in which the student is played every month of study and all effort into one exam, comes to pose a real threat.
Frequent psychological problems of opponents
In view of what we have discussed in the previous paragraphs, the preparation of oppositions has been linked to the appearance of certain psychological problems and disorders, Among which are the following.
According to the RAE, anxiety is a state of agitation, agitation or anxiety. Anxiety can involve a feeling of intense nervousness accompanied by palpitations, muscle tension, chest tightness, suffocation, Etc. At the cognitive level, anxiety is characterized by the presence of worrying, catastrophic thoughts or the anticipation of failures with ideas such as “I cannot”, “I will fail”, “I will never go”. pass.”
Anxiety in small doses can help us increase motivation and improve performance; however, excessive anxiety causes the exact opposite, severely hampering the performance of the opponent.
2. Difficulties in attention and concentration
The student of the opposition can observe that despite all the hours of study he invests, the results do not reflect this effort, Due to concentration problems.
3. Bad mood
The opponent often feels sad, without appetite (apathy), without excitement., With the feeling that he no longer likes the things he enjoyed (anhedonia).
4. Mental fatigue
Caused by high mental activity and disconnection issues.
Physical symptoms of psychological origin may appear, such as: general fatigue, pain or stabbing in the head, tics, stomach problems, hair loss, dermatitis, etc.
The opponent has trouble falling asleep, Or frequent awakenings occur during the night, preventing adequate rest, thus fueling performance problems in the study.
7. Irritability and emotional lability
the person experiences constant mood swingsSometimes finding himself very motivated and capable of anything, and other times feeling completely exhausted, lacking energy and doomed to fail.
This feeling is particularly characteristic of the pupil of the opposition. Feeling guilty frequently when you are not studying, even when you are on your scheduled break. This feeling of guilt prevents him from being able to disconnect and rest.
9. Social isolation
Due to the intense study routine, social contacts are drastically reduced. Furthermore, the person gradually loses all interest in social relationships and ceases to benefit from them, Which causes even more isolation.
10. Intolerance of uncertainty and strong personal demand
The opponent has the feeling that he never studies enoughEven while achieving your program and your daily goals.
11. Self-esteem issues
Loss of self-esteem, insecurity, and a sense of worthlessness emerge as the opponent becomes involved in the process, fostering catastrophic thoughts about the exam.
Psychological therapy for those preparing for these tests
Malaga psychologist Ana Romero Gómez, Expert in psychotherapy with opponents at the firm Psychologists Málaga PsicoAbreu, presents the story of one of his patients:
“At first everything is going well, you are motivated and you have a clear goal, in addition to the physical and mental strength to do it. However, in a few weeks you start to think that it is too difficult, that you “you forget everything you study and feel that you cannot. You feel guilty whenever you don’t study, you feel anxious, you often feel sad and tired, but you still have trouble sleeping. And then you think about quitting. “
Ana Romero emphasizes the importance of receiving psychological therapy during the opposition process to manage the psychological factor and be able to achieve the maximum possible performance, thus favoring the opponent to get his place.