Sleep problems always cause discomfort and a lack of mood and energy, but that doesn’t mean that the causes of these symptoms are the same. In fact, there are different types of insomnia that affect us in some way depending on the nature of what is causing the disorder.
In this article we will see what types of insomnia exist, How are their effects and how they evolve.
Types of insomnia
There is no single criterion for classifying types of insomnia, but rather different parameters are used to classify. This means that these disorders have different dimensions and that not each of them describes all the characteristics of the insomnia that a person suffers from. For example, insomnia of the intrinsic type can sometimes be long term, but at others it is short term.
That is why to understand exactly what a person’s sleep problems look like, all of these classification criteria can be used at the same time.
That said, let’s move on to see how to classify these sleep disorders based on the criteria used.
According to the causes of insomnia
If we focus on the nature of the causes of insomniaThis can be of two types.
This category includes cases in which the cause of the problem of good sleep can be explained by a specific alteration in the functioning of the brain. For example, whether a brain injury has occurred, Problems may arise in reconciling or maintaining sleep. The same is true for certain disorders, such as restless legs syndrome.
Extrinsic insomnia occurs when the problem may be explained by the dynamics of interaction with the environment. For example, burnout and disrupted work schedules can lead to insomnia, and the same is usually true with poor sleep hygiene or the use of stimulants.
According to his intention
Sleep problems can also be differentiated based on their severity. Here are its types:
3. Mild insomnia
When insomnia alone it affects in a very superficial and transient way the daily routine and the degree of health, Can be considered light. For example, it takes half an hour longer than normal to fall asleep for about three days.
In moderate insomnia, there are routines and habits that are already affected by this problem, and in the same way health is compromised by fatigue, discomfort and problems concentrating.
In this type of insomnia, health is greatly affected, as is the ability to adjust to an appropriate schedule. To the symptoms of the above type, we must add problems of memory, vision (it is sometimes difficult to “focus” the gaze for a while), bad mood and manifest lack of energy which prevents them from accomplishing important tasks.
According to its duration
Types of insomnia can also be classified according to their duration. In this sense, we find these categories:
6. Chronic insomnia
When the problems with reconciling or maintaining sleep last more than about 5 or 6 months, chronic insomnia is considered. This type of problem is difficult to solve because has long been “anchored” in a person’s routine and the circadian rhythm has changed so much that it remains in a state that is difficult to change.
7. Acute or transient insomnia
Certain stressful events or attacks can cause a person to experience insomnia for a few days. The problem is considered transient if symptoms do not persist for more than 4 weeks.
8. Short-term insomnia
This category includes cases where the duration of the problem exceeds one month but disappears before it can be considered chronic.
By the nature of its symptoms
Considering the qualitative differences between the symptoms of the types of insomnia, we can classify this problem into 3 categories:
In this type of insomnia, the problems appear when it comes to falling asleep, so it takes a lot of time between the person falling asleep and starting to fall asleep. However, once you have really started to rest, there are no frequent awakenings.
In this type of insomnia, the problem lies in maintaining sleep, so the person will wake up several times during the night and therefore will not rest well, as they will not go through all phases of sleep or do little. of times during the days.
11. Waking up early
People who suffer from this insomnia wake up much earlier than they should (for example, 3 hours after bedtime) and cannot fall asleep, as they did when they started. they feel too active to go back to bed.
This category is a “tailor-made drawer” which includes cases in which the features of two or more types of insomnia occur at the same time continuously.