Speech is a skill that must be developed throughout life, and it is one of the primary methods humans have for communicating with each other. Sometimes this learning can be impaired, poorly achieved or even lost in the presence of various injuries and illnesses.
That is why the figure of specialists in this field, such as speech therapists and speech therapists, is necessary. However, the functions they perform may not be known to these professionals. That is why in this article we will observe the differences between speech therapy and phoniatry.
Define the terms of these professions
First of all, to analyze the differences between the two professions, it is necessary to analyze what each involves.
Speech therapy is a discipline focused on the study and treatment of oral language problems and the elements that allow it. It starts from a perspective that seeks diagnosis and rehabilitation from the application of measures and techniques based on the patient’s learning to communicate correctly by overcoming or compensating for the effect of a disorder, illness or difficulty.
With regard to phoniatry, the branch of medicine is understood as such specialized in oral communication, phonation and hearing disordersAnd, in general, other forms of communication. A speech-language pathologist is a physician with the ability to diagnose and treat disorders such as the presence of deformities, dysglossia and dysarthria, aphasia, and sensory and motor problems related to speech.
Main differences between speech therapy and phoniatry
As we have seen, the two disciplines present a number of points on which they are very similar, but there are also a number of differences between them which we will analyze below.
The speech therapist is a qualified professional at university level in language and communication, Possess a broad knowledge of human communication and language, as well as the processes and domains that enable it.
As for the speech therapist, he is a doctor specializing in the field of language. His area of knowledge is therefore more related to medical and biological aspects, Although he also has knowledge and can apply different types of intervention. In Spain, phoniatry is a specialty not recognized at university level, unlike speech therapy.
Based on the point above, we can observe that the two types of professionals tend to have a distinct focus. While the speech-language pathologist has a more biomedical perspective on the situation and the disorders, speech-language pathology from a more pedagogical and pedagogical point of view.
3. Type of treatment used
The speech therapist can apply a large number of treatments, including administration of medication or prescribing speech therapy sessions, but generally does not directly apply it in practice.
The speech therapist will be in charge of administering and carrying out the treatment, at the level of introduce and perform patient rehabilitation using various techniques more focused on learning and performing exercises that improve self-improvement and have nothing to do with more drastic and invasive measures.
Different but similar
Phoniatrics and speech therapy are disciplines that present differences and do not act in the same way or do not have the same skills.
But despite these differences, the truth is that we can see that in both cases, we are dealing with skilled professionals who pursue the improvement of patients and field of work specializes in human oral communication. In general, the two health disciplines go hand in hand, helping people with language and communication problems to be able to express themselves freely again.