Symptoms are manifestations by the patient of a pathological condition. There are different types of symptoms, including physiological (for example, rapid pulse or rapid breathing), physical (for example, headache or dizziness) or psychological, whether emotional, cognitive or perceptual.
Among these, the psychological symptoms, we will discuss in this article.
Most common psychological symptoms
Psychological symptoms can be different depending on the type of disorder the person is suffering from. But, What are the most common psychological signs or symptoms?
Below is a list of the 30 most common symptoms of this type and their characteristics:
Apathy is the lack of interest and motivation towards external stimuli, for example, towards interpersonal relationships or towards life in general. In extreme cases, this reluctance is typical of depressive states and makes the person feel weak and helpless as it affects their motivation.
2. Catastrophic thinking
Catastrophic thinking is associated with pessimistic people and shows that something is going on inside the person. It is a distortion of reality in which everything is seen in a negative way and problems are anticipated even when they will arise. It can be a consequence of stress, anxiety and even depression.
3. Blame others and the situation
When someone doesn’t have enough self-esteem, self-confidence, or is too sad, they usually blame others and the situation. This makes the person lose the capacity for self-leadership and self-motivation and, as a result, is paralyzed (in addition to harming others in some cases). It often presents itself alongside learned helplessness.
4. Concentration problems
Concentration problems appear in a multitude of disorders, such as when motivation is low, sadness takes over a person or the individual is in a stressful situation, attention is usually directed to oneself and to recurring thoughts, Which seriously interferes with their concentration.
On the other hand, it can also happen that the main symptoms of the disorder are related to alterations in consciousness and concentration of attention, which this can lead to inhibition deficiencies and poor behavioral control.
Acceptance is one of the best ways to overcome painful situations and is necessary to find emotional stability. When the person is unable to accept the situation, resentment and constant criticism from others often arise.
6. Feeling of emptiness
The feeling of emptiness is common in mood disorders, in which the person seems to be going through an existential crisis. She feels frustrated at not finding her place in this world.
A person can constantly blame themselves, which shows low self-confidence and low self-esteem that needs to be worked on. It’s a way to avoid facing problems which are presented.
8. Mental exhaustion
When a person suffers from emotional problems, stress or anxiety for long periods of time, his mind seems to be reaching a limit. This is called psychological, mental or emotional exhaustion. The person needs a break after so much suffering.
9. Feeling of failure
This symptom appears intense and painful at times when the person does not have a lot of confidence or self-esteem. It refers to maladaptive emotion.
10. Constant worry
Constant worry is a hallmark symptom of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The person always has a thought of concern in mind, on one or more topics deemed very relevant. For example, if they’re going to fire him from his job.
Some physical and physiological consequences of this symptom can be: muscle tension, feeling of shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, dry mouth, etc.
11. Anxiety (anxiety)
Worry can cause the person not to feel calm because anticipates dangers and has lost objectivity and the ability to think lucidly on the basis of rational criteria.
12. Affective distancing
Affective distancing manifests itself in various disorders (for example, mood disorders or schizoid personality disorder) and drastically affects interpersonal relationships.
13. Feeling threatened
In some disorders the person feels a constant threat. It is especially common in psychotic disorders, such as paranoid disorder, in which the person may come to think that everyone is against it and wants to hurt them.
14. Feeling of inferiority
The feeling of inferiority arises when a person thinks they are (and constantly feels) less than others. is a clear indication that that person’s self-esteem is low.
15. Feeling of being out of control
When a person does not have the necessary emotional balance or is going through a bad time in their life, they can feel out of control. Which means he doesn’t feel like he has his life under control.
Although sadness is not a sufficient symptom to diagnose depression, it is a hallmark of this disorder. Temporary sadness is perfectly normal, the problem is when this symptom becomes chronic and makes the smooth running of a person’s life impossible.
Sadness is a current feeling that makes you feel bad, instead, melancholy is related a sad event linked to the past that makes us feel bad in the present. It is also characteristic of depressive disorder.
18. Low tolerance for frustration
This way of thinking is totally inappropriate. It has to do with low self-confidence and prevents us from successfully dealing with the different situations that arise throughout our life. Low tolerance for frustration can lead to avoiding certain situations, For example, in social phobia.
It is characterized because the individual presents confusion as to where and when. It can manifest in certain psychopathologies such as Delirium Tremens.
20. Emotional lability
Emotional lability is the inappropriate emotional expressionThat is, disproportionate laughter or inappropriate crying. The emotional expression, therefore, does not correspond to the situation is exaggerated.
Drowsiness is a feeling of tiredness, heaviness, and sleepiness that usually occurs when a person has a low mood. On the other hand, drowsiness is also often a side effect of psychotropic drugs taken to treat the disorder or pathology.
Insomnia is the inability to sleep, And can appear in different situations: when the person experiences anxiety, worry, stress or has problems to solve in his life. Additionally, problems arising from experiencing the disorder can cause problems falling asleep, due to the added stress of having to worry more.
Irritability is an exaggerated response to stimuli. The person tends to be irritated by anything and may manifest mood swings. In addition, the interpersonal conflicts that result from this mood and this predisposition to upheaval only accumulates more reasons to feel stress.
24. By irrational
It usually appears when a person has a phobia. It is a kind of learned fear, which is not real, but rather anticipatory. Which means it finds its origin in an imaginary, distorted and catastrophic thought. For example, the to fly.
25. Feel like the victim
It manifests itself in the presence of low self-esteem, so that the person he becomes the victim on a regular basis as a means of dealing with anger and rage. It is an avoidant response which serves as a short-term justification, but which in the long term leads to interpersonal conflicts and problems with evaluating the results of one’s own decisions.
26. Feeling alone
Indeed, loneliness is a negative mental state, which is linked to feelings of incomprehension, sadness and insecurity. this insecurity it makes the person perceive that others do not understand them and they do not share their values and their tastes.
This misunderstanding perceived by others not only causes a subjective feeling of isolation, but also makes us more prone to health problems due to poor hygiene and good nutrition and the psychological consequences that come with it.
27. Wanting to hurt others
Anger and frustration can manifest as a state of revenge or wanting to hurt others. Often it’s just that, in a mental state, in an idea. In others, however, an individual may behave violently.
Some people with mental illness have a mental condition characterized by they feel strange, Their bodies and the environment around them. This, in turn, makes them more likely to adopt a pattern of decisions and actions that leads to loneliness.
29. Lack of hope for the future
Lack of motivation and lack of vital goals cause a person cannot view the future in a positive way. Something which in turn also causes serious problems for the individual.
30. Psychological blockages
Mental blockage is a psychological barrier that can be imposed on a person that prevents them from clearly understanding certain aspects of their life. The individual has the capacity to hinder their own progress when it comes to achieving certain goals in your life.